|Enfield District Health Authority|
The Northern Convalescent Fever Hospital building, now residential apartments
|Location||Winchmore Hill,, Greater London, England, United Kingdom|
|Care system||Public NHS|
|Hospital type||District General|
|Beds||550 (in 1973)|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
Highlands Hospital was a hospital in Winchmore Hill, in the London Borough of Enfield. The hospital closed in 1993, and the site was developed for residential accommodation, although many of the original buildings remain. The site is designated a conservation area and the former ambulance station is a grade II listed building.
The site was part of the Chaseville Park estate (originally part of Enfield Chase) and was acquired by the Metropolitan Asylums Board in 1883-4. In May 1885 the foundation stone was laid of what was originally to be named The Northern Convalescent Fever Hospital, and the hospital opened on 25 September 1887, having been designed by architects Pennington and Bridgen.
Rather than having a single large building, the hospital comprised several smaller buildings, known as villas. In 1890, temporary huts were erected to increase capacity. The following year, further temporary iron huts were erected on a neighbouring site to the north of the existing hospital. During 1892 and 1893, 200 cases of scarlet fever were treated in the Enfield Isolation Hospital by a Dr. J. J. Ridge, with a mortality rate of 2.5 per cent, compared to a 6.3 per cent mortality rate in other hospitals under the control of the Metropolitan Asylums Board in 1893.
In 1900, Enfield Urban District Council replaced these with a new isolation hospital, named Enfield Isolation Hospital, designed by the district council surveyor, a Mr Collins, and built by Chesoum and Sons. The Enfield and Edmonton Joint Hospital Board took control of Enfield Isolation Hospital in 1905. The main purpose of the hospital was to deal with infectious diseases with the notable exception of smallpox.
Control of the Northern Convalescent Fever Hospital was transferred to London County Council in 1930, and the site served as an emergency bed service hospital during World War II. In 1938, four additional single storey ward blocks were added to the Enfield Isolation Hospital.
After the war, 200 post-encephalitic Parkinsonism patients were cared for at the hospital by consultant geriatrician and former general practitioner Joseph Sharkey, whose work at the hospital included the early trials of levodopa in Parkinsonism.
Both the Northern Convalescent Fever Hospital and Enfield Isolation Hospital came under the control of to the National Health Service on its formation in 1948, and both hospitals were renamed. The Northern Convalescent Fever Hospital became Highlands Hospital, and the Enfield Isolation Hospital became South Lodge Hospital. At this time, Highlands comprised 16 buildings with 480 beds.
In 1993, Enfield District Health Authority (which was itself disbanded in 1996) agreed to the disposal of the 53-acre (210,000 m2) site to developers. The site was purchased for around £20 million. Some of the proceeds were used to construct the Highlands wing at Chase Farm Hospital. Many of the old Highlands / Northern Convalescent Fever Hospital buildings were retained, but the South Lodge / Enfield Isolation Hospital buildings were demolished to make way for a supermarket. A report published later by the borough council stated that the demolition of the historic South Lodge buildings was "in retrospect an unfortunate loss for the character of the area."
Notable former staff
- Joseph Sharkey, whose work at the hospital included the early trials of levodopa in Parkinsonism, cared for 200 post-encephalitic Parkinsonism patients shortly after the second world war.
- Peggy Mardell began her training as a fever nurse at Highlands aged 17, since general nurse training was not available below the age of 19. She became the regional nursing officer of the North West Thames Health Authority and was awarded the CBE in 1982 for her services to healthcare.
- Thomas Lansley worked as a medical laboratory technician at Highlands and went on to co-found the Council for Professions Supplementary to Medicine and chair the Institute of Medical Laboratory Scientists. His son, Andrew, was Secretary of State for Health from 2010 to 2012.
- Lee, Rob. Reprovision of the Oaks and Elms Services and New homes for Cornwall Villa residents: an update. Enfield Primary Care Trust, January 2005. Accessed 22 March 2007.
- London Borough of Enfield: Highlands Conservation Area Character Appraisal Accessed 22 March 2007.
- Peats, Richard; The Paul Drury Partnership. "Highlands Conservation Area Character Appraisal" (PDF). London Borough of Enfield. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- workhouses.org.uk: The Northern Convalescent Fever Hospital, Winchmore Hill Accessed 22 March 2007.
- "A brief history of Highlands Village". Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- Allen, Martha Meir (1900). Alcohol, a Dangerous and Unnecessary Medicine (Second ed.). New York: Department of Medical Temperance of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union. p. 256. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- British History Online: Edmonton Public Services Accessed 22 March 2007.
- Caplan, L (8 October 2002). "Obituaries: Joseph Sharkey". British Medical Journal (BMJ 2002;325:840).
- Dopson, Laurence (14 May 2004). "Peggy Mardell - Obituaries". The Independent. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- "Lansley reflects on 60 years of the NHS". Health Service Journal. Retrieved 2008-10-08.