Highway 2 (Israel)

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ISR-HW2.png

Highway 2
כביש החוף
Kvish HaHof
כביש חיפה - תל אביב החדש
Kvish Haifa - Tel Aviv HaHadash
The Coastal Highway
The New Haifa - Tel Aviv Highway
Route information
Length: 77 km (48 mi)
Major junctions
South end: Tel Aviv (West Glilot Interchange)
North end: Haifa (Haifa Darom Interchange)
Location
Major cities: Tel Aviv, Herzliya, Netanya, Hadera, Tirat Carmel, Haifa
Highway system

Roads in Israel

Highways
Highway 2 nearby Netanya.

Highway 2 (Hebrew: כביש 2‎, Kvish 2) is an Israeli highway located on the coastal plain of the Mediterranean Sea. It begins a major arterial road within Tel Aviv, becoming a freeway as it exits the city northward continuing to Haifa. North of Tel Aviv, the highway is also called The Coastal Highway (Hebrew: כביש החוף‎, Kvish HaHof) or The New Haifa - Tel Aviv Highway (Hebrew: כביש חיפה - תל אביב החדש‎, Kvish Heifa - Tel Aviv HaHadash).

Highway 2 is one of the busiest highways in the country, and drivers experience frequent traffic congestion between Hadera and Tel Aviv during rush hours. The northern sections are also congested at times, especially during weekends and holidays, when many Israelis travel north for vacation.

History[edit]

The first section of the highway between Tel Aviv and Netanya was built in the early 1950s as a two lane road with at-grade intersections. The next section was built later that decade, extending the highway north to Olga Junction in Hadera. This section was also built as a two lane road. In 1965 the highway was widened to four lanes between Tel Aviv and Hadera, however grade separations were not built at this point.

The last section of the highway, between Olga Junction and Haifa, opened in 1969. When this section opened it was the first freeway in Israel. Deteriorating road conditions caused by years of neglect led to this section being downgraded from its original freeway status. Road signs on this section are still blue (as opposed to green on regular highways), however there are a few sings indicating an entrance or exit from a freeway and the maximum speed limit is 90–110 km/h, which makes it an Israeli freeway.

The junctions on the older sections of the highway were gradually grade separated: Netanya Interchange was built in 1974, Poleg Interchange in 1975, Havazelet Interchange in 1989, Yanai Interchange in 1990, Olga Interchange in 1993, Hof HaSharon Interchange in 1994 and Rabin Interchange and HaSira Interchange in 1995. Today the highway is grade separated along its entire route between the Haifa South and West Glilot interchanges.

The Tel Aviv - Netanya section was widened to six lanes in the 1990s.

The West Glilot Interchange opened on February 28, 2007, providing a direct connection to eastbound Highway 5 and the Ayalon Highway.

Coastal roadway corridor[edit]

The Carmel Tunnels form a northern extension of Highway 2 which connects directly to Highway 22 in the Krayot area north of Haifa. This northern extension along with the Ayalon Highway and parts of Highway 4 make up a series of controlled-access highways that together form an inter-city highway corridor stretching along most of Israel's Mediterranean coast, from Acre (Akko) in the north to Ashdod in the south. In the future a parallel, but more inland controlled-access corridor will also be provided by Highway 6 when it is fully built.

Plans[edit]

There are plans to continue the six lane section north to the Zikhron Ya'akov Interchange. These plans also include upgrading the remaining section between Zikhron Ya'akov and Haifa back to freeway standards.

Interchanges[edit]

Location km Name Type Meaning Road(s) crossed
Ramat Aviv
Ramat HaSharon
0 מחלף גלילות מערב
(Glilot Ma'arav Interchange)
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILramzor2.svg
ILjunction-glilot.png
Named after location of former
Jewish refugee camp
West Glilot
ISR-HW5blue.png Highway 5,
Namir Road
Herzliya 3 מחלף הסירה
(HaSira Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-hasira.png The Boat ISR-HW541.PNG Route 541
5 מחלף רבין
(Rabin
Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-rabin.png Named after
Yitzhak Rabin
Keren Hayesod St.
Under Construction (Completion: 2016)[1]
Ga'ash 6.6 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg ISR-HW20.png Ayalon Highway,
ISR-HW531.PNG to Route 531
Rishpon 7.5 צומת רשפון
(Rishpon Junction)
northbound only
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILjunction-rishpon.png HaKfar St.
Shefayim 10 מחלף חוף השרון
(Hof HaSharon Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-hofhasharon.png Sharon Beach local roads
Yakum 11.2 מחלף יקום
(Yakum Interchange)
northbound only
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILjunction-yakum.png He shall rise local road
Wingate Institute 11.2 מחלף וינגייט
(Wingate Interchange)
southbound only
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILjunction-wingate.png entrance road
Udim 11.2 מחלף אודים
(Udim Interchange)
northbound only
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILjunction-udim.png Firebrands HaTse'elon St.
Netanya 17 מחלף פולג
(Poleg Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-poleg.png Named after nearby
Poleg Stream
ISR-HW553.PNG Route 553
19 מחלף גשר השלום
(Gesher HaShalom Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-gesherhashalom.png Peace Bridge ISR-HW5611.png Road 5611
23 מחלף נתניה
(Netanya Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-netanya.png gift of God ISR-HW57.png Highway 57
Havatzelet HaSharon 27 מחלף חבצלת
(Havatzelet Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-havatzelet.png Sand Lily ISR-HW5710.png Road 5710
Beit Yanai 30 מחלף ינאי
(Yanai Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-yannai.png Rabbi Yannai ISR-HW5720.png Road 5720
Hadera 33 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg ISR-HW61.png Highway 61
38 מחלף אולגה
(Olga Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-olga.png Named after location
ult. Olga Hankin
Aaron Aaronsohn St.
Caesarea 41 מחלף קיסריה
(Caesarea Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-caesaria.png Named after location ISR-HW65.png Highway 65
Or Akiva 46 מחלף אור עקיבא
(Or Akiva Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-orakiva.png Light of Akiva Road 6511
Zikhron Ya'akov 53 מחלף זכרון יעקב
(Zikhron Ya'akov Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-zichronyakov.png Jacob's Memorial ISR-HW70.png Highway 70
Atlit 68 מחלף עתלית
(Atlit Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-atlit.png Named after location ISR-HW721.PNG Route 721
ISR-HW7110.png Road 7110
Haifa 77 מחלף חיפה דרום
(Haifa Darom Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-haifadarom.png Haifa South ISR-HW4 red.PNG Highway 4
ISR-HW23.png to Carmel Tunnels

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Construction of new route 531". Israel Ministry of Transport, National Infrastructure & Road Safety. Retrieved 2013-01-29. (Hebrew)