Highway 45 (Israel)
Kvish Arba'im v'Hameish
|Length:||4.7 km (2.9 mi)|
|West end:||Giv'at Ze'ev Junction|
Atarot JunctionAtarot Industrial Park
|East end:||Junction at Airport Street|
|Major cities:||Givat Ze'ev, Jerusalem|
Highway 45 is the official designation of a 3.3 km stretch of road forming a continuous connection between Route 443 from the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area and Highway 50 (Begin Boulevard) to central Jerusalem and a 1.4 km spur serving the Atarot Industrial Park.
The road begins as a continuation of Route 443 at the traffic-light controlled Giv'at Ze'ev Junction. It runs east-southeast for 3.3 km as a high-speed four lane divided highway. At the traffic-light controlled Atarot Junction it becomes Highway 50 (Begin Boulevard). The officially numbered "45" takes a 90-degree turn. Here, running northeast then east-northeast, it becomes a 2 lane local street running 0.8 km to the Atarot Industrial Zone and the closed entrance to Atarot Airport. After another 0.6 km the road as numbered ends at Airport Street. The road itself then continues an additional 0.6 km to Highway 60 adjacent to the Qalandia security checkpoint. However this last section is no longer officially numbered 45.
In the late 1990s, the Israel Ministry of Transport planned to construct Highway 45 from Highway 1 near Ben Gurion International Airport through the West Bank north of the Modi'im Stream passing slightly north of Beit Horon and Beit Ur al-Fauqa to the Atarot Industrial Park in Jerusalem. The current Route 443 just south of these towns as well as political considerations has made that plan irrelevant, leaving the small portion of Highway 45 between Giv'at Zeev and Atarot completed in 2003. Excavations performed in the 1990s can still be seen just northwest of Givat Ze'ev junction.
Furthermore, an easterly extension is still envisioned which would continue from Atarot and connect with Route 437 and the Eastern Ring Road. The construction of the West Bank security barrier along the right of way of Highway 45 east of the Qalandia security checkpoint just east of Atarot places limitations on that plan though a possible solution would involve tunnels and bridges. In the meantime, the completion of Jerusalem Road 20, 3.7 km further south, provides an alternate route to 437.
Junction (west to east)
|0||צומת גבעת זאב
(Givat Ze'ev Junction)
|Wolf Hill||Giv'at Ze'ev
| Route 443
|named after location
|Atarot||Highway 50 (Begin Boulevard)|
|4.1||Atarot Industrial Park,
Atarot Airport (closed)
- Google Maps (2011). Street View - 45 between Atarot Junction and Atarot Industrial park (Map). http://maps.google.com/maps?q=loc:31.85,35.216667&hl=en&ll=31.859808,35.217276&spn=0.000036,0.02105&t=h&z=16&layer=c&cbll=31.859793,35.213038&panoid=KKEssk-EZWVvVdGfyIZvZg&cbp=12,102.35,,0,6.44. Retrieved 2013-05-14.
- Google Maps (2011). Street View - 45 at intersection with Airport Street (Map). http://maps.google.com/maps?q=loc:31.85,35.216667&hl=en&ll=31.860574,35.229335&spn=0.000073,0.0421&t=h&z=15&layer=c&cbll=31.860476,35.221155&panoid=3c8NJc0IBTECn8U1gPtn2w&cbp=12,347.66,,1,0.69. Retrieved 2013-05-14.
- "Highway 45 (with map)". DEL Group (Engineering, Development & Infrastructure). Retrieved 2013-06-20.
- "Jerusalem Transport Master Plan (2005 map)". Jerusalem Transport Master Plan Committee. Retrieved 2011-08-23.(Hebrew)
- "Hiking trail - Beitunya Ridge". inature.info. Retrieved 2013-08-26.(Hebrew)
- Gal Nissim (2002-04-28). "Transport Ministry Will Advance the Widening of Highway 45". 'Globes' Business Scene in Israel. Retrieved 2011-08-23.(Hebrew)
- Google Maps (2013). Satellite View - Road excavations northwest of Givat Ze'ev Junction (Map). http://maps.google.com/?ll=31.87559,35.170755&spn=0.023688,0.048795&t=h&z=15. Retrieved 2013-08-26.
- "Jerusalem Transport Master Plan (2011 map)". Jerusalem Transport Master Plan Committee. Retrieved 2011-08-23.(Hebrew)
- Yossi Issacharov (2013-04-27). "Israeli-American solution for Palestinians in Qalandiya". Walla News. Retrieved 2013-08-26.(Hebrew)
- Shahar Hezelkorn (2007-10-31). "How The Roads in Israel Will Appear in 2030". Ynet - Yediot Acharonot. Retrieved 2013-01-02.(Hebrew)
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