Highwood (electoral district)

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Highwood
Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta electoral district
Highwood in Alberta.jpg
2010 boundaries
Provincial electoral district
Legislature Legislative Assembly of Alberta
MLA
 
 
 
Danielle Smith
Wildrose
District created 1979
First contested 1971
Last contested 2012

Highwood is a provincial electoral district in southern Alberta, Canada. The district is one of 87 in the province mandated to return a single member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta using the first past the post method of voting.

The district was created in the 1971 boundary redistribution out of the old Okotoks-High River riding and the North part of Pincher Creek-Crowsnest. The district has favoured right leaning parties since its creation. Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta candidates held the district from 1975 until 2012 when they were unseated by the Wildrose Party.

The current representative is Danielle Smith who was first elected in 2012.

History[edit]

The electoral district of Highwood was created in the 1971 boundary redistribution from the old electoral districts of Okotoks-High River and Pincher Creek-Crowsnest.

The 2010 boundary redistribution saw the riding cut down in size. Land south of the town of Highriver and a portion of land in the northwest of the constituency was transferred to the Livingstone-Macleod riding. A portion of land in the north east was also transferred to the Little Bow riding.[1] The boundary commission had intended to rename Highwood to bring back the Okotoks-High River name but it was quashed in an amendment to the redistribution bill in the Legislative Assembly.

Boundary history[edit]

Representation history[edit]

Members of the Legislative Assembly for Highwood[3]
Assembly Years Member Party
See: Okotoks-High River 1930-1971 and Pincher Creek-Crowsnest 1940-1971
17th 1971–1975 Edward Benoit Social Credit
18th 1975–1979 George Wolstenholme Progressive Conservative
19th 1979–1982
20th 1982–1986 Harry Alger
21st 1986–1989
22nd 1989–1993 Don Tannas
23rd 1993–1997
24th 1997–2001
25th 2001–2004
26th 2004–2008 George Groeneveld
27th 2008–2012
28th 2012–present Danielle Smith Wildrose

The electoral district was created in the 1971 boundary redistribution. The first election held that year saw Okotoks-High River incumbent Social Credit MLA Edward Benoit win a very closely contested race to pick up the new seat for his party.

Benoit was defeated in the 1975 election by Progressive Conservative candidate George Wolstenholme. He was re-elected to his second term in the 1979 general election and retired at dissolution of the Legislature in 1982.

The 1982 election garnered great interest as incumbent Western Canada Concept MLA Gordon Kesler tried to win re-election here after winning a by-election is his former riding of Olds-Didsbury. Progressive Conservative candidate Harry Alger defeated Kesler in a landslide. Kesler had originally promised to move into the Olds-Didsbury riding after winning election and had reneged on that promise.

Alger won his second term in the 1986 general election defeating five other candidates. He retired from provincial politics at dissolution of the legislature in 1989. His replacement was Progressive Conservative candidate Don Tannas who won election for the first time that year.

Tannas won re-election three times in the 1993, 1997 and 2001 general elections with increasing majorities every time. He retired from provincial politics at dissolution of the legislature in 2004.

The 2004 general election saw Progressive Conservative candidate George Groeneveld. He was appointed to cabinet in 2006 as the Minister of Agriculture by Premier Ed Stelmach. In the 2008 general election he won a landslide majority. In early 2010 Groeneveld was shuffled out of cabinet and returned to the back benches.

The 2012 general election saw the riding returned to opposition control for the first time since 1975 when Wildrose leader Danielle Smith won the open seat winning her first term in office and becoming Leader of the Official Opposition.

Legislature results[edit]

1971 general election[edit]

1971 Alberta general election results[4] Turnout 77.64% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Edward Benoit 2,941 48.06% *
     Progressive Conservative Eldon Couey 2,789 45.58% *
     NDP Larry McKillop 389 6.36% *
Total 6,119 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 31
7,921 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit pickup new district Swing N/A

1975 general election[edit]

1975 Alberta general election results[5] Turnout 69.12% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative George Wolstenholme 4,037 63.87% 18.29% *
     Social Credit Edward Benoit 1,925 30.45% -15.13%
     NDP Muriel McCreary 234 3.70% -2.66% *
     Liberal Melbe Cochlan 125 1.98% *
Total 6,321 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 22
9,177 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative pickup from Social Credit Swing 16.71%

1979 general election[edit]

1979 Alberta general election results[6] Turnout 65.85% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative George Wolstenholme 5,103 66.56% 2.69%
     Social Credit Don Dixon 2,092 27.29% -3.16% *
     NDP William McCutcheon 281 3.66% -0.04% *
     Liberal Joan Cowling 191 2.49% 0.51% *
Total 7,667 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 24
11,680 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 2.93%

1982 general election[edit]

1982 Alberta general election results[7] Turnout 77.10% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Harry Alger 7,811 70.08% 3.58% *
     Western Canada Concept Gordon Kesler 2,006 18.00% *
     NDP William McCutcheon 465 4.17% 0.51%
     Independent R.L. Snell 436 3.91% *
     Independent Don Tanner 245 2.20% *
     Alberta Reform Movement Ronald Arkes 183 1.64% *
Total 11,146 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 30
14,495 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 10.79%

1986 general election[edit]

1986 Alberta general election results[8] Turnout 53.36% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Harry Alger 5,336 66.47% -3.61%
     NDP William McCutcheon 1,054 13.13% 8.96%
     Representative Murray Meszaros 811 10.10% *
     Independent Pam McIver 633 7.88% *
     Independent Norman Kientz 142 1.77% *
     Independent Bill Bohdan 52 0.65% *
Total 8,028 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 18
15,080 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing -6.29%

1989 general election[edit]

1989 Alberta general election results[9] Turnout 55.41% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Don Tannas 5,481 60.26% -6.21% *
     Liberal Don Dearle 2,024 22.25% *
     NDP Janis Belgum 1,591 17.49% 4.36% *
Total 9,096 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 39
16,485 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing -14.23%

1993 general election[edit]

1993 Alberta general election results[10] Turnout 64.94% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Don Tannas 8,063 64.88% -4.62%
     Liberal Rusti-Ann Blanke 3,159 25.42% 3.17% *
     Social Credit John Bergen 701 5.64% *
     NDP Marg Elliot 504 4.06% -13.43% *
Total 12,427 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 22
19,169 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 3.90%

1997 general election[edit]

1997 Alberta general election results[11] Turnout 56.52% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Don Tannas 9,551 69.95% 5.07%
     Liberal Howard Paulsen 1,944 14.24% -11.18% *
     Social Credit John Bergen 1,566 11.47% 5.83%
     NDP Hugh Logie 592 4.34% 0.28% *
Total 13,653 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 38
24,225 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 8.13%

2001 general election[edit]

2001 Alberta general election results[12] Turnout 56.13% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Don Tannas 13,321 79.89% 9.94%
     Liberal Leonard Borowski 2,000 11.99% -2.25% *
     NDP Gunhild Hoogensen 773 4.64% 0.30% *
Greens Julie Walker 581 3.48% *
Total 16,675 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 54
29,806 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 6.10%

2004 general election[edit]

2004 Alberta general election results[13] Turnout 45.39% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative George Groeneveld 6,737 63.59% -16.30% *
     Liberal Lori Czerwinski 1,846 17.43% 5.44% *
     Alberta Alliance Brian Wickhorst 731 6.90% *
Greens Sheelagh Matthews 547 5.16% 1.68% *
     NDP Catherine Costen 433 4.09% -0.55% *
     Separation Cory Morgan 300 2.83% *
Total 10,594 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 81
23,519 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing -10.87%

2008 general election[edit]

2008 Alberta general election results[14] Turnout 36.19% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative George Groeneveld 7,715 65.11% 1.52%
     Liberal Stan Shedd 1,647 13.90% -3.53% *
     Wildrose Alliance Daniel Doherty 1,405 11.86% 4.96% *
Greens John Barrett 691 5.83% 0.67% *
     NDP Carolyn Boulton 391 3.30% -0.79% *
Total 11,849 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 44
32,867 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 2.53%

2012 general election[edit]

2012 Alberta general election Turnout % Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Wildrose Danielle Smith 10,094 53% 41.14% *
     Progressive Conservative John Barlow 8,159 43% -22.11% *
     Liberal Keegan Gibson 547 3% -10.90% *
     NDP Miles Dato 392 2% -1.30% *
Total 19,192 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined '*
32,649 Eligible Electors
     Wildrose gain *

Senate nominee results[edit]

2004 Senate nominee election district results[edit]

2004 Senate nominee election results: Highwood[15] Turnout 43.52%
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Votes % Ballots Rank
     Progressive Conservative Bert Brown 5,568 19.25% 61.73% 1
     Progressive Conservative Betty Unger 4,045 13.99% 44.85% 2
     Progressive Conservative Jim Silye 3,807 13.17% 42.21% 5
     Progressive Conservative Cliff Breitkreuz 3,223 11.15% 35.73% 3
     Progressive Conservative David Usherwood 2,932 10.14% 32.51% 6
     Independent Link Byfield 2,566 8.87% 28.45% 4
     Alberta Alliance Vance Gough 2,046 7.08% 22.68% 8
     Alberta Alliance Michael Roth 1,722 5.95% 19.09% 7
     Alberta Alliance Gary Horan 1,621 5.61% 17.97% 10
     Independent Tom Sindlinger 1,388 4.79% 15.39% 9
Total Votes 28,918 100%
Total Ballots 9,020 3.21 Votes Per Ballot
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 1,564

Voters had the option of selecting 4 Candidates on the Ballot

2012 Senate nominee election district results[edit]

Student Vote results[edit]

2004 election[edit]

Participating Schools[16]
Highwood High School
Foothills Composite High School
Red Deer Lake School
The Centre for Learning @Home

On November 19, 2004 a Student Vote was conducted at participating Alberta schools to parallel the 2004 Alberta general election results. The vote was designed to educate students and simulate the electoral process for persons who have not yet reached the legal majority. The vote was conducted in 80 of the 83 provincial electoral districts with students voting for actual election candidates. Schools with a large student body that reside in another electoral district had the option to vote for candidates outside of the electoral district then where they were physically located.

2004 Alberta Student Vote results[17]
Affiliation Candidate Votes %
     NDP Catherine Whelan Costen 133 29.36%
     Progressive Conservative George Groeneveld 110 24.28%
     Liberal Lori Czerwinski 78 17.22%
     Alberta Alliance Brian Wickhorst 58 12.80%
Greens Sheelagh Matthews 37 8.17%
     Separation Cory Morgan 37 8.17%
Total 453 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 17

2012 election[edit]

2012 Alberta Student Vote results
Affiliation Candidate Votes %
     Progressive Conservative John Barlow %
     Wildrose Danielle Smith %
     Liberal Keegan Gibson %
     NDP Miles Dato %
Total ' 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Proposed Electoral Division Areas, Boundaries, and Names for Alberta". Alberta Electoral Boundaries Commission. June 2010. p. 19. Retrieved January 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ "E‑4.1". Statutes of the Province of Alberta. Government of Alberta. 2003. pp. 46–47. 
  3. ^ "Members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta 1905-2006". Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Retrieved February 27, 2010. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Highwood Official Results 1971 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 1, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Highwood Official Results 1975 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 30, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Highwood Official Results 1979 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 30, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Highwood Official Results 1982 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 30, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Highwood Official Results 1986 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 30, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Highwood Official Results 1989 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 30, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Highwood Official Results 1993 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 30, 2010. 
  11. ^ "1997 General Election". Elections Alberta. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  12. ^ "2001 Statement of Official results Highwood". Elections Alberta. Retrieved March 30, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Highwood Statement of Official Results 2004 Alberta general election". Elections Alberta. Retrieved March 30, 2010. 
  14. ^ The Report on the March 3, 2008 Provincial General Election of the Twenty-seventh Legislative Assembly. Elections Alberta. July 28, 2008. pp. 434–437. 
  15. ^ "Senate Nominee Election 2004 Tabulation of Official Results". Elections Alberta. Retrieved March 1, 2010. 
  16. ^ "School by School results". Student Vote Canada. Retrieved 2008-04-27. [dead link]
  17. ^ "Riding by Riding Results - the Candidates". Student Vote Canada. Retrieved 2008-04-19. [dead link]

External links[edit]