Hikawa Shrine (Saitama)
Hikawa Shrine (氷川神社 Hikawa-jinja ) is a Japanese Shinto shrine in Omiya-ku, Saitama, Saitama Prefecture. Surrounding the shrine is a large park in which there are many cherry blossom trees, a zoo and a museum.
According to the shrine's tradition, the shrine was established during the reign of Emperor Kōshō in 473 BC. A legend recounts that Yamato Takeru, who injured his leg during his crusade to the East, visited the shrine in accordance with the directions of an old man who appeared in a dream. After worshiping, he was able to stand on his own. It is known that the old name of the region, Ashidate (足立), literally meaning "leg stand", was named after this incidence. The pond within the grounds of the shrine is a remnant of Minuma and considered to have roots in enshrining the water god of Minuma.
From 1871 through 1946, Hikawa Shrine was officially designated one of the Kanpei-taisha (官幣大社), meaning that it stood in the first rank of government supported shrines. The main shrine structure was renovated in 1882. In 1940, a project financed by the government reconstructed the main shrine structure, the gate tower, and other structures.
In 1976, the Large Torii of Meiji Shrine which had been damaged by lightning in 1966 was repaired and relocated to Hikawa Shrine.
Imperial visits to the shrine
- December 11, 1868: Emperor Meiji's first visit.
- 1870: The emperor worships at Hikawa.
- 1873: The emperor moves in state to the shrine.
- August 31, 1878: The emperor travels from Tokyo to Hikawa.
- 1896: The Crown Prince Yoshihito visits the shrine.
- 1917: The Crown Prince Hirohito visits the Hikawa.
- 1919: The Regent Hirohito (sesshō) visits the shrine.
- 1920: Empress Sadako (kogō) visits Hikawa.
As many as 290 daughter shrines exist across Japan, all named "Hikawa". Most are small, but all are considered dwelling places of Susanoo.
- 10-minute walk from Kita-Ōmiya Station or Ōmiya-kōen Station on the Tōbu Noda Line
- 20-minute walk from Omiya Station (JR East or Tōbu Noda Line)
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines, p. 391.
- "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3.; retrieved 2011-08-09
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hikawa-jinja" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 311, p. 311, at Google Books.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 125.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 379.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 3994492
- ____________. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
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