||This article contains instructions, advice, or how-to content. (September 2009)|
Hiking equipment is gear or equipment taken on an outdoor trip. A hike can be for any length of time, though any hiking trip lasting for more than one day is typically referred to as backpacking or a walking tour. The equipment used varies according to locations, kind of activity, duration, and distance. Leave No Trace is a basic principle of hiking
- Items Worn — Footwear, clothing, headgear, etc.
- Carrying Items — Backpack, waist pack, hiking poles, or similar.
- Food and drink — water, meals, snacks and emergency food.
- Other gear that is essential for the hike safety or emergencies. (See also Survival kit).
- Optional Items — Seating pads, cameras, notebooks, hammocks, electronic devices.
- See also the Ten essentials
Essential worn items
The choice of clothing will be based on the expected weather, temperature, and demands of the particular hike.
- Footwear — This depends on the terrain: heavy waterproof boots with soles with a thick profile and high heels for rugged and mountainous country and light trainers for easier walks. Spare hiking socks on multi-day excursions.
- Clothes — Wicking clothing, including one complete change.
- Wind and rain proofed jacket or parka.
- Rain pants.
- Lightweight footwear for the evenings and night toilet trips.
- Gaitors for crossing shallow bodies of water, muddy ground, snow, or walking through tussock.
- Ice axe and crampons, for hiking or hillwalking on snow and ice in the winter.
- Climbing rope (when scrambling)
- Snow shoes or skis for hiking in deep snow.
- Trekking poles
- Food, high-energy snack food.
- Flashlight (torch in the UK) depending on time of year and length of walk (plus spare batteries and bulb).
- Maps (detailed)
- First aid kit, including nail scissors and waterproof blister pads.
- Water (several litres in hot weather).
- Plastic bags, to keep things dry.
- Sun cream and sun glasses
- Survival bag, or space blanket
- Emergency whistle and knowledge of the code: One blast = STOP; Two blasts = COME TO ME; Three blasts = COME TO ME QUICKLY!
Additional items for Backpacking
- Food for meals, preferably with a low water content. Also high energy snack food and additional (and separate) emergency food.
- Pocket knife, possibly with a tin opener and a saw, or multi-tool (similar but with pliers in addition).
- Matches or a lighter, and possibly a flint or firesteel, which work, even when wet.
- Tinder to start a fire.
- Water purification tablets and/or filter.
- Insect repellent
- Sleeping pad or mat
- Sleeping bag (and/or liner).
- Bivvy bag
- Plastic bags of various types and sizes to keep things dry, including ziploc bags. A garbage bag to line the backpack.
- Toothbrush, etc.
Also worth considering
- Tent and/or ground sheet — the sheet (plus a rope) can be a simple substitute for a tent.
- Cooking pot or billy.
- Portable camping stove and fuel.
- Eating utensils.
- Trowel — for various purposes, e.g. to dig a cathole.
- Small Axe or Hatchet.
- Rain proof cover for pack.
- Hammock —
- Pillow, preferably inflatable (possibly neck pillow), or use clothes or backpack.
- Mosquito net
- Twine/String — for all sorts of purposes.
- Rope — various lengths and girths, for various purposes, e.g. Parachute cord. Maybe also (copper) wire.
- Fishing line and fish hooks —
- Machete — for use off the beaten track, if there is thick vegetation.
- Cyanoacrylate or Super Glue
- Sarong, shawl or other large cloth or handkerchief. Used for various purposes.
- Soap and shampoo (bio-degradable)
- Sewing kit, with nail scissors or possibly a scalpel.
- Heliograph — a mirror with a hole in it for signalling airplanes.
- GPS — A rugged and waterproof model.
- Elastic bands
- Gaffer tape — for quick repairs.
- Notebook and pen or pencil
- Camera plus spare batteries and film/memory card.
- Waterproofing for boots.
- Toilet paper, or paper napkins
- Tweezers (if not already in pocket knife)
- Outdoors cooking
- Heated clothes
- Mini survival kits
- Scout Outdoor Essentials, as described in the handbooks of the Boy Scouts of America
- Survival kit
- Survival skills
- Ultralight backpacking