Hikmat Sulayman

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Hikmat Sulayman
Hikmet Sulayman.jpg
18th Prime Minister of Iraq
In office
October 30, 1936 – August 17, 1937
Monarch Ghazi
Preceded by Yasin al-Hashimi
Succeeded by Jamil al-Midfai
Personal details
Born 1889
Died 1964
Political party Party of National Brotherhood

Hikmat Sulayman (1889 – 16 June 1964[citation needed]) (Arabic: حكمت سليمان‎) was prime minister of Iraq from October 30, 1936 to August 12, 1937 at the head of a Party of National Brotherhood government.

Sulayman, of Turkish origin,[1] was a key figure in the early days of Iraqi independence and the effort to create a multi-ethnic state. He came to power in Bakr Sidqi's coup, the first that the country experienced. His position was confirmed by King Ghazi.

Together with Sidqi, Sulayman veered away from the pan-Arab nationalism of the preceding Iraqi governments. Together with Sidqi, he forged an alliance with Turkey and settled the border dispute with Iran, two countries he regarded as potential allies in the struggle against Arab nationalist sentiment. Nevertheless, he differed with Sidqi over the emphases of the new government, preferring to address social issues in the country, while Sidqi focused on military affairs and expanding Iraq's borders.

Sulayman was forced to resign following Sidqi's assassination in 1937.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wien 2014, 10.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Wien, Peter (2014), Iraqi Arab Nationalism: Authoritarian, Totalitarian and Pro-Fascist Inclinations, 1932–1941, Routledge, ISBN 1134204795 .
Political offices
Preceded by
Yasin al-Hashimi
Prime Minister of Iraq
October 30, 1936— August 12, 1937
Succeeded by
Jamil al-Midfai