Hilaire de Chardonnet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hilaire de Chardonnet
Comte de Chardonnay.jpg
Hilaire de Chardonnet
Born (1839-05-01)1 May 1839
Besançon, France
Died 11 March 1924(1924-03-11) (aged 84)
Paris, France
Nationality French
Title Count

Hilaire de Chardonnet (1 May 1839 – 11 March 1924), born Louis-Marie Hilaire Bernigaud de Chardonnet, was a French engineer and industrialist from Besançon, inventor of artificial silk.

In the late 1870s, Chardonnet was working with Louis Pasteur on a remedy to the epidemic that was destroying French silk worms. Failure to clean up a spill in the darkroom resulted in Chardonnet's discovery of nitrocellulose as a potential replacement for real silk. Realizing the value of such a discovery, Chardonnet began to develop his new product.[1]

He called his new invention "Chardonnet silk" and displayed it in the Paris Exhibition of 1889.[2] Unfortunately, Chardonnet's material was extremely flammable, and was subsequently replaced with other, more stable materials.

He was the first one to patent the artificial silk but Georges Audemars invented a variety called Rayon in 1855.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Garrett, Alfred (1963). The Flash of Genius. Princeton, New Jersey: D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc. pp. 48–49. 
  2. ^ Editors, Time-Life (1991). Inventive Genius. New York: Time-Life Books. p. 52. ISBN 0-8094-7699-1.