Hilaria Supa

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Hilaria Supa
Hilaria Supa Huamán.jpg
Peruvian Representative to the Andean Community of Nations
Incumbent
Assumed office
2011–present
Member of the Peruvian Congress from Cusco Region
In office
2006–2011
Personal details
Born 1957 (age 56–57)
Anta, Cusco, Peru
Nationality Peru Peruvian
Political party Partido Nacionalista Peruano

Hilaria Supa Huamán (born 1957, in Wayllaqocha, Anta Province, Cusco Region), is a human rights activist, an active member of several Indigenous women organizations in Peru and the world and a Peruvian politician. She is currently a Congresswoman representing the Cusco for the period 2006-2011, as a member of Ollanta Humala's Partido Nacionalista Peruano party.

Hilaria Supa was raised by her grandparents on her mother Helena Huamán's side, who were peasants in a hacienda or a big farm owned by rich families.

During her childhood she saw the hacendado or farm owner mistreat her grandfather and rape the local women, which had a crucial impact on her life. Her grandfather, who fought for farmers rights, was murdered in 1965. When she was only six years old, she had to travel to Arequipa, where she was forced to work as a maid but when she asked her relatives to get her back to Cusco, she found out that her grandmother had also died.

Afterward Hilaria Supa worked as a house maid in Cusco, Arequipa, and Lima. She was raped at 14 when she was working for rich families in Lima. Her partner and father of her children, died in an accident when she was 22. As a result of physical abuse and forced labor as a child, she suffers of generalized boy arthritis. She has written a book about her life titled Threads of My Life -available in Spanish, English and German, and soon in Quechua- where she tells how she become stronger facing these adversities.

In the 1980s she became involved with other Indigenous women in organizing a community program that provided with free meals for poor children. She became leader of the Micaela Bastidas Committee in Anta, Cusco and took part in the fights for land rights, which finally resulted in the land reform legislation under the government of Juan Velasco Alvarado. She was also leader of the Federación Departamental de Campesinos del Cusco, the regional organization of the Confederación Campesina del Perú in Cusco.

In 1991 she became the Organizational Secretary of the new founded Women's Federation of Anta (Federación de Mujeres de Anta FEMCA), where she was responsible for alphabetization programs, traditional medicine preservation and pesticide issues.

Hilaria Supa has taken part in numerous international women rights meetings, where she has actively used and promoted her Native Quechua language. In 1995 she led a protest and lobbying against forced sterilization of women and men, done under the Alberto Fujimori dictatorship with health minister Alejandro Aguinaga. This racist health policy resulted in enforced sterilization of 363,000 Indigenous women and over 22,000 men.

Hilaria Supa was elected to the Peruvian Congress in 2006, taking the oath in Quechua, followed by her fellow Congresswoman María Sumire. Doing this she became the first parliamentarian in Peru's history to take the oath in any Indigenous language, for which both were sharply criticized by Congresswoman Martha Hildebrandt and some other members of Congress.[1][2][3]

Congresswoman Hilaria Supa participated twice at the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, where she denounced the crisis that her community was facing, after free trade policies and abusive decrees had been passed by the Peruvian government of Alan García in complicity with the U.S. government. She is working now to rescue Machu Picchu and other Native sites, and return them under the management of the Indigenous peoples of Cusco.

In August of 2010 Hilaria was elected president of the Education Commission of the Peruvian Congress. While congressmen of the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (APRA) and the Fujimori parties were criticizing this, she received support by Peruvian education experts.[4][5][6]

In April 2011 Hilaria was elected as candidate of Gana Perú into the Andean Parliament.[7]

Works[edit]

  • Hilos de mi vida – el testimonio de Hilaria Supa Huamán, una campesina Quechua. Willkamayu Editores, Lima 2002 (Spanish).
  • Threads of My Life - The Story of Hilaria Supa Huaman, A Rural Quechua Woman. Theytus Books, B.C., Canada. 2008.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dina Ludeña Cebrián: Lengua quechua - del miedo y desprecio al respeto y visibilización.
  2. ^ Mayra Castillo: En el nombre del quechua. El Comercio, 31 de marzo de 2007
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ D. Raise: Premiere im peruanischen Parlament: Quechua-Muttersprachlerin wird Bildungs-Kommission leiten. Info Amazonas, 10. August 2010.
  5. ^ Perú: Parlamentaria quechua Hilaria Supa preside Comisión de Educación del Congreso. FATIDA, 10. August 2010.
  6. ^ Propuesta de Hilaria Supa como titular de Comisión de Educación del Congreso fue saludada por educadores. El Comercio, 6 August 2010.
  7. ^ ONPE finalizó conteo de votos para el Parlamento AndinoRafael Rey Rey, Luis Alberto Adrianzen Merino, Javier Reategui Rosello, Hilaria Supa Huamán y Hildebrando Tapia son los virtualmente electos. tuteve.tv, 7 May 2011