Hilarion

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This article is about the life of Saint Hilarion. For Hilarion as an Ascended Master, see Master Hilarion. For other persons named Hilarion, see Hilarion (disambiguation).
Saint Hilarion
Hilariontemptation.jpg
The Temptation of Saint Hilarion, by Dominique-Louis-Féréa Papety, 1843-44 (Wallace Collection)
Abbot
Born 291 AD
Thabatha, south of Gaza in Syria Palaestina
Died 371 AD
Cyprus
Honored in
Roman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Churches
Coptic Church
Canonized Pre-Congregation
Feast October 21

Hilarion (291–371) was an anchorite who spent most of his life in the desert according to the example of Anthony the Great.

Early life[edit]

The chief source of information regarding Hilarion is the biography written by St. Jerome.[1] The life of Hilarion was written by Jerome in 390 at Bethlehem. Its object was to further the ascetic life to which he was devoted. It contains, amidst much that is legendary, some statements which attach it to genuine history, and is in any case a record of the state of the human mind in the 4th century. [2]

Hilarion was born in Thabatha, south of Gaza in Syria Palaestina of pagan parents. He successfully studied rhetoric with a Grammarian in Alexandria.[3] It seems that he was converted to Christianity in Alexandria. After that, he shunned the pleasures of his day—theatre, circus and arena—and spent his time attending church. According to St. Jerome, he was a thin and delicate youth of fragile health..

Beginnings of monastic Life[edit]

After hearing of Saint Anthony, whose name (according to St. Jerome), "was in the mouth of all the races of Egypt" Hilarion, at the age of fifteen, went to live with him in the desert for two months. As Anthony's hermitage was busy with visitors seeking cures for diseases or demonic affliction, Hilarion returned home along with some monks. At Thabatha, his parents having died in the meantime, he gave his inheritance to his brothers and the poor and left for the wilderness.[1]

Time at Majoma[edit]

"The Temptation of Saint Hilarion", by Octave Tassaert, c.1857 (Montreal Museum of Fine Arts)

Hilarion went to the area southwest of Majoma, the port of Gaza, that was limited by the sea at one side and marshland on the other. Because the district was notorious for brigandage, and his relatives and friends warned him of the danger he was incurring, it was his practice never to abide long in the same place.[2] With him he took only a shirt of coarse linen, a cloak of skins given to him by St. Anthony, and a coarse blanket. He led a nomadic life, and he fasted rigorously, not partaking of his frugal meal until after sunset. He supported himself by weaving baskets.[1]

Hilarion lived a life of hardship and simplicity in the desert, where he also experienced spiritual dryness that included temptations to despair.[4] Beset by carnal thoughts, he fasted even more. He was "so wasted that his bones scarcely held together" (Jerome): According to St.Jerome:

He finally built a hut of reeds and sedges at the site of modern-day Deir al-Balah in which he lived for four years. Afterwards, he constructed a tiny low-ceilinged cell, "a tomb rather than a house",[2] where he slept on a bed of rushes, and recited the Bible or sang hymns. He never washed his clothes, changed them only when they fell apart and shaved his hair only once a year. He was once visited by robbers, but they left him alone when they learned that he did not fear death (and had nothing worth stealing, anyway).[3]

Saint Jerome describes his diet as a half a pint of lentils moistened with cold water, and after three years he switched to dry bread with salt and water. Eventually, perceiving his sight to grow dim and his body to be subject to an itching with an unnatural roughness, he added a little oil to this diet.[3]

After he had lived in the wilderness for 22 years, he became quite famous in Syria Palaestina. Visitors started to come, begging for his help. The parade of petitioners and would-be disciples drove Hilarion to retire to more remote locations. But they followed him everywhere. First he visited Anthony’s retreat in Egypt. Then he withdrew to Sicily, later to Dalmatia, and finally to Cyprus. He died there in 371.[5]

Miracles[edit]

Saint Hilarion Castle, Kyrenia, Cyprus

Miracles were attributed to him.[4] His first miracle was when he cured a woman from Eleutheropolis (a Roman city in Syria Palaestina) who had been barren for 15 years.[5] Later, cured three children of a fatal illness, healed a paralysed charioteer, and expelled demons.[5]

Monastery[edit]

Main article: Tell Umm el-'Amr

In time, a monastery grew around his cell, which was so beset by visitors, especially females, that Hilarion fled.

Novelization[edit]

Hermann Hesse adapted a biography of St. Hilarion as one of the three Lives of Joseph Knecht, making up his Nobel Prize–winning novel The Glass Bead Game (also known as Magister Ludi).

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • In 390 AD at Bethlehem, Jerome wrote of Hilarion's life. According to Jerome, Bishop Epiphanius of Salamis, had already described his virtues in a well-known letter, which has not been preserved.
  • See also St. hilarion-Aziz Hilarion in Templos- legends of Cyprus

St. Hilarion Castle in Turkish: "101 houses", see the article Templos

External links[edit]