Hilary Duff

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This article is about the entertainer. For her self-titled album, see Hilary Duff (album).
Hilary Duff
Hilary Duff (2009).jpg
Duff at The Heart's Truth Red Dress Collection Fashion Show in February 2009
Born Hilary Erhard Duff
(1987-09-28) September 28, 1987 (age 26)
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Residence Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Years active 1996 (1996)–present
Known for Lizzie McGuire in Lizzie McGuire & The Lizzie McGuire Movie
Spouse(s) Mike Comrie (m. 2010; separated 2014)
Children 1
Relatives Haylie Duff (sister)
Musical career
Instruments Vocals

Hilary Erhard Duff (born September 28, 1987) is an American actress, singer-songwriter, and author. Born and raised in Texas, she appeared in local theater productions and television commercials in her early childhood. In the early 2000s, Duff rose to prominence portraying the titular character in the Disney Channel television series Lizzie McGuire and its numerous merchandise, which included the motion picture The Lizzie McGuire Movie (2003). Establishing herself as a teen idol she appeared in various featured films including Agent Cody Banks (2003), Cheaper by the Dozen (2003), A Cinderella Story (2004) and Cheaper by the Dozen 2 (2005), which are among the biggest commercial successes of her career. Duff has additionally appeared in numerous guest roles and appearances in television dramas and comedies, including the documentary Hilary Duff: This Is Now, an award-winning role on the third season of Gossip Girl, and the television film Beauty & the Briefcase (2010). In 2014, she landed a starring role as Kelsey in the upcoming TV Land sitcom titled Younger. Other than that, she has acted in several independent films with praised roles in War, Inc. (2008), According to Greta (2009) and Bloodworth (2010). Duff has also served as a voice actress for a number of direct-to-video animated features.

In 2002, Duff ventured into the music industry with appearances in numerous soundtracks and with the release of her Christmas album, Santa Claus Lane. After signing a recording contract with Hollywood Records, Duff released her second studio album Metamorphosis (2003), joining a select few in successfully converting from film to a music career. The album sold four million copies in the USA and spawned the hit singles "So Yesterday", and "Come Clean". Duff's following record, the self-titled album Hilary Duff (2004) was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), despite having one U.S. single; "Fly" being released. Her 2005 compilation album, Most Wanted was a commercial success that included the "Wake Up" single. She assumed creative control of her fourth studio album, Dignity (2007), which yield two Dance Club hit singles, "With Love" and "Stranger". The record featured a more mature imagine and sound, however it became the lowest-selling record of her career. Duff's greatest hits album, Best of Hilary Duff, was released in 2008 and subsequently ended her recording contract with her label of five years. After taking a musical hiatus to focus on a writing career and new found motherhood, Duff began working on her upcoming fifth studio album under RCA Records. "Chasing the Sun" and "All About You" were both released in 2014, taking on a new folk-pop, to generally positive reviews. To date Duff has sold more than fifteen million records worldwide.[2]

Beyond entertainment, Duff has enjoyed a highly successful business career. She had the successful clothing line Stuff by Hilary Duff which included clothing, furniture, make-up and jewelry items; targeted at her teen and preteen demographic. She released two fragrances with Elizabeth Arden, a limited fashion line Femme for DKNY and has had various endorsements and ad campaigns. Branching into the literary industry, with the assistance of author Elise Allen, Duff wrote the novel Elixir (2010); which became a New York Times bestseller. The trilogy was followed by the sequel, Devoted (2011) and the series' final installment; True (2013). She furthermore had production credits in a few films she has starred in, including the comedy Material Girls (2006). Duff has also contributed to several humanitarian causes, including Blessings in a Backpack, the Think Before You Speak Campaign, and being a youth ambassador to the children of the Bogotá.

Duff's public image and personal relationships have attracted worldwide media attention. Duff's first high profile relationship was with teen pop singer Aaron Carter. She later became romantically involved with musician Joel Madden, which garnered tabloid speculation due to the fact that Duff was underage at the time; a contrast to her wholesome Disney image. In 2010, Duff married former NHL player Mike Comrie. After seven years together, they separated in 2014. In 2012, Duff gave birth to their son Luca Cruz Comrie.

Early life and career beginnings[edit]

Hilary Erhard Duff was born on September 28, 1987, in Houston, Texas.[3] She grew up between Houston and San Antonio with her father Robert Erhard Duff, a partner in a chain of convenience stores in the two areas, her mother Susan Colleen (née Cobb), a homemaker turned film and music producer, and her older sister Haylie, who is also an actress and singer.[3]

From a young age, Duff took after her older sister and, encouraged by their mother, the pair enrolled in acting, singing and ballet classes.[4] Both girls won roles in local theatre productions and, together, at the ages of six and eight, they participated in a touring BalletMet production of The Nutcracker in San Antonio.[3]

Increasingly interested in the pursuit of show business, the Duff sisters and their mother moved to California in 1993, while their father stayed in Houston to take care of his business.[4] The sisters auditioned for several years and were cast in many television commercials.[4] Due to her acting career, Duff was home-schooled from the age of eight.[5]

During her initial acting years, Duff primarily played minor roles like her uncredited part in the Hallmark Entertainment western miniseries True Women (1997)[6] and as an uncredited extra in the ensemble comedy-drama Playing by Heart (1998). Her first major role was as the young witch Wendy in Casper Meets Wendy, based on the Harvey Comics characters, which was released in 1998. But when so released, it received mostly negative reviews.[7][8] After appearing in the supporting role of Ellie in the television film The Soul Collector (1999), which was based on a Kathleen Kane novel, Duff accrued a Young Artist Award for Best Performance in a TV Movie or Pilot (Supporting Young Actress).[9]


2000–02: Breakthrough with Lizzie McGuire and Santa Claus Lane[edit]

In March 2000, Duff appeared in the small guest role as a sick child in the medical drama Chicago Hope right before being cast as one of the children in the pilot episode of the NBC sitcom Daddio.[4] Her Daddio co-star Michael Chiklis stated, "After working with her the first day, I remember saying to my wife, 'This young girl is gonna be a movie star.' She was completely at ease with herself and comfortable in her own skin."[4] However, prior to the airing of the show, the producers dropped Duff from the cast. Depressed, Duff was reluctant to pursue her acting career further.[4]

A week later, she landed the title role of a newly developed Disney Channel children's television series, Lizzie McGuire after her mother, who had likewise become her manager by this time, urged her to audition.[4] Duff played a clumsy teen who dreams to fit in and be popular. The show made Duff a popular household name, particularly with its target demographic of pre-teens and adolescents.[10] Focusing on its central character, the show's mixed media format stood out from the rest of the Disney Channel's programming of the time and, in essence, became the channel's flagship and definitive show of the early 2000s.[citation needed] The show premiered on the Disney Channel on January 12, 2001, and was a ratings hit that attracted about 2.3 million viewers per episode.[4] However, after Duff fulfilled her 65-episode contract with Lizzie McGuire, the show ended on February 14, 2004. Though Disney considered expanding the franchise to films and a prime-time television series, those plans failed because Duff's representatives said that she was not being paid enough for the proposed series.[11]

Duff's first role in a theatrical motion picture was in Human Nature (2002) in which she portrays the younger version of a female naturalist, played by Patricia Arquette. The film was showcased first at the Cannes and Sundance film festivals.[12] Duff also starred as a free-spirited girl who struggles in a strict military school in the 2002 Disney Channel television film Cadet Kelly, which became the network's most watched program in its 19-year history.[4]

Duff became interested in pursuing a music career after attending a Radio Disney concert in 2001.[13] She had started vocal lessons before her acting career began; resuming those, she also became one of Andre Recke's clients at Hollywood Records.[14] Duff's music career began with two soundtrack appearances: In 2002, she appeared on the soundtrack to the Lizzie McGuire series, performing a cover version of Brooke McClymont's "I Can't Wait," which received tremendous success on Radio Disney, and the Walt Disney Records compilation DisneyMania, performing a cover of "The Tiki Tiki Tiki Room."[13]

The same year, she released a holiday album titled Santa Claus Lane (2002) which was a collection of Christmas songs that included duets with her sister, Lil' Romeo, and Christina Milian. Accompanied by the Disney Channel-only single "Tell Me a Story (About the Night Before)," the album peaked at 154 on the US Billboard 200 album chart and was certified gold.[15][16] While her songs were hits on Radio Disney, including "Why Not?," and "What Dreams Are Made Of," both of which had been featured in The Lizzie McGuire Movie (2003), Recke and executives at Buena Vista Music Group envisioned Duff reaching a more mature audience.[13]

2003: Metamorphosis, Agent Cody Banks, and Cheaper by the Dozen[edit]

Duff released her debut album, Metamorphosis, in 2003. The album received mixed reviews from music critics; some complimented it for being a modern-day bubblegum album, while others considered the album to be a promotional gimmick for Duff's musical career, lacking real substance. Nonetheless, Metamorphosis reached number one on the Billboard 200 and Canadian Albums Chart and sold over five million copies worldwide by late 2005.[3][17] Its lead single "So Yesterday," was a top ten hit in several countries despite not impacting in her native United States; its follow-up, "Come Clean," had the same effect and was chosen as the theme song for Laguna Beach: The Real Orange County.[18] The third single, "Little Voice," was not released in the United States, but it was a minor hit in Australia.[19]

Duff further promoted the album with the Metamorphosis Tour that ran from November to December 2003. Most shows that were scheduled in major cities were sold out.[20] Metamorphosis earned Duff her first Kids' Choice Award for Favorite Female Singer as well as Best New Female Artist at the World Music Awards in 2004. Before embarking on another American tour, titled Most Wanted, which she conducted from July to September 2004, Duff also recorded a cover of The Go-Go's selection "Our Lips Are Sealed," with her sister Haylie, for the original A Cinderella Story soundtrack.[21]

In 2003, Duff received her first major role in a feature film when she was cast opposite Frankie Muniz, playing the love interest of his title character in the action comedy Agent Cody Banks. The film received positive reviews; Scott Foundas of Variety magazine labelled Duff's performance "charming," yet thought she was "sidelined with little to do much of the time."[22] The same year, Duff reprised her role as Lizzie McGuire for The Lizzie McGuire Movie. It received mixed reviews; some criticized her acting skills whilst David Levine from Filmcritic.com called it "an unabashed promotion of Duff's image."[23][24][25] Later that year, Duff played one of the 12 children of Steve Martin and Bonnie Hunt in the family comedy Cheaper by the Dozen, a remake of the 1950 film, which remains her highest grossing film to date, despite not-so-complimentary reviews of Duff's performance. Slant Magazine reviewer Nick Schager wrote that Duff "does nothing more than look perky and stylish."[26][27]

Duff also made several guest appearances in television shows which included the role of a makeup salesperson in George Lopez; in 2003 she later reappeared in the show in 2005 as Kenzie, a feminist poet friend of the character Carmen (Masiela Lusha). In 2003, she also portrayed one of The Shangri-Las opposite her sister Haylie in the second season of American Dreams, while in 2005, she played a classmate and idolizer of Amber Tamblyn's title character in Joan of Arcadia.[28]

2004–06: Hilary Duff, Cheaper by the Dozen 2, and Most Wanted[edit]

Released on Duff's seventeenth birthday in 2004, her second studio album was the self-titled Hilary Duff. This time, she was more involved in crafting of the album by co-writing songs, desiring it to be her departure from her young Lizzie McGuire image.[29] The album has a rockier edge than Metamorphosis did, which critics received negatively and compared her to singers Avril Lavigne and Ashlee Simpson. Despite its two singles, "Fly" and "Someone's Watching Over Me," not being major hits, the album debuted at number two on the U.S. Billboard 200 chart, selling 192,000 copies in its first week, and became her second consecutive number one debut in Canada. The self-titled album sold 1.8 million copies in the United States and was certified platinum by the RIAA.[30]

In 2005, Duff followed her self-titled album with her first compilation album titled Most Wanted, which consisted of three new songs, songs from her previous two albums, and remixes.[31] Most Wanted received mostly negative reviews from critics, who deemed the release as premature, stating that Duff did not have enough material to issue a compilation. However, new songs "Wake Up" (which was written and composed by Duff's boyfriend at the time Joel Madden and his brother Benji, both members of Good Charlotte), "Beat of My Heart" and "Break My Heart" received favorable comments; critics believed that their dance-oriented sound stood out from the rest of the album. Most Wanted debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, becoming Duff's second number one in the United States, and became her third number one debut in Canada.[32] It sold over two hundred thousand copies within its first week of release, and was certified platinum by the RIAA a month after its release.[33][34] Duff followed the international success of the album and its singles by embarking on her first worldwide concert tour to support the album. Titled the Still Most Wanted Tour, the tour began in July 2005 and ran through September 2006. In 2006, an Italy-only compilation, 4ever Hilary Duff, was released alongside an exclusive DVD, due to Italian fans not getting as many of the normal releases of her albums pressed in the country. Duff and her sister Haylie also recorded a cover version of Madonna's "Material Girl" for the soundtrack to their 2006 satirical comedy Material Girls.[35]

In 2004, she starred in the romantic comedy A Cinderella Story opposite Chad Michael Murray. Reviews of her performance were mostly negative: "her appeal lies precisely in being Hilary Duff," wrote Reel critic Sarah Chauncy. However, the film went on to become a moderate box office hit, and some critics were impressed by Duff's performance.[26][36][37] Later that year, she starred in her first dramatic role in the musical drama Raise Your Voice, . While some critics praised her for appearing in a more mature and serious role than her previous films, the film itself was heavily panned and was not successful at the box office.[38] Several reviews were indifferent towards her acting performance and were critical of Duff's vocals, with critics pointing out what appeared to be her digitally enhanced voice.[39][40][41][42] Her roles in the two films combined led to her first Razzie nomination for Worst Actress in 2004.[43]

Her subsequent role in the romantic comedy The Perfect Man and the reprisal of her character in the Belles On Their Toes film remake, Cheaper by the Dozen 2, both released in 2005, combined to result in her second Razzie nomination for Worst Actress in 2005.[44] The Village Voice's Matt Singer wrote of the former, in which she co-stars with Heather Locklear and Chris Noth, "Duff plays her standard character--an introverted romantic who falls for a guy whose hunky exterior belies an artistic soul."[45] It was poorly received both critically and commercially. The latter, which was less successful than the previous Cheaper by the Dozen, was panned by critics.[46] "Duff just looks like she'd rather be in a different movie," read a harsh review Mike Clarke wrote for USA Today.[47]

Additionally, the Duff sisters both lent their voices to the computer animated comedy Foodfight! in late 2005, but the film never had its planned theatrical release.[48] Duff co-starred with her sister again in the satirical comedy Material Girls in 2006, but it was unsuccessful both commercially and critically, earning both sisters a shared Razzie nomination for Worst Actress, becoming Duff's third consecutive nomination in this field in three years.[49] The sisters were also nominated for Worst Screen Couple.[50]

2007–09: Dignity, Best of Hilary Duff, and independent films[edit]

Duff performing (2007)

Duff co-wrote the material for her fourth studio album Dignity (2007), along with Kara DioGuardi, who co-produced the album with Rhett Lawrence, Tim & Bob, and Richard Vission. In contrast to the pop rock themes of her prior releases, Dignity takes on more of a dance and electropop[51][52][53] sound and makes use of more instruments.[54] The lyrics reference the events Duff experienced in the years leading to the album's release while the album's songs contain influences of rock and roll and hip hop music. Critical response was mostly positive; while Duff's "weak" singing voice was noted, the album was praised for its songwriting and her new musical direction. Upon release, Dignity debuted at number three in the US, a lower peak than Duff's previous albums and with lower sales, which Billboard attributed to the loss of fans during her musical evolution. Despite the relatively poor performance of the album, it produced Duff's highest-peaking US single to date, "With Love" (number 24), which also peaked at number 1 on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs chart, becoming the first of her three consecutive number ones on that chart; her second being "Stranger," the album's third single.[55] Dignity reached the top ten in several countries, and the RIAA certified it gold in the United States. She embarked on her fourth concert tour, simply titled Dignity, from July 2007 to February 2008, which went around North America, Brazil, and Australia. Following this, Duff had sold thirteen million albums worldwide and had performed across the world on four concert tours.[56]

Duff attending the Tribeca Film Festival (2008)

A two-part introspective documentary television special Hilary Duff: This Is Now was produced to chronicle Duff's return to the recording industry. The show took two weeks to film and was shot in both the US and around Europe. It was broadcast on MTV in April 2007. Duff was also the guest star on The Andy Milonakis Show for its third season premiere in September 2007.[citation needed]

Duff was cast in the 2008 political satire War, Inc.. Her role as Yonica Babyyeah, an oversexed Central Asian pop star garnered praise, despite the film receiving generally negative reviews from critics. Duff recorded two exclusive tracks, "Boom Boom Bang Bang" and "I Want to Blow You Up," for her role in the movie. War, Inc. opened on an extremely limited release in only two theaters across the United States. The film went on to open in a further thirty theaters across the United States. It was second in largest per theater gross. It closed on August 7, 2008, without a wide release, grossing only $580,862 domestically.[57]

Duff released her first greatest hits album titled Best of Hilary Duff (2008). Like Most Wanted (2005), the album features songs from her previous three albums, remixes and two new tracks: "Reach Out" and "Holiday." "Reach Out," which samples Depeche Mode's "Personal Jesus," was released in the preceding month of the album's release as its first single. The song became Duff's third number one dance hit in the United States, but the album failed to reach the success of its predecessors. Best of was her first album not to receive any RIAA certifications, and it peaked at number 125 on the US chart.[58] Duff said she hoped to write a third song for the release and to have "Holiday" released as a single. Hollywood Records later scrapped these plans, adding to their large list of cancellations which, in turn, led Duff to make the decision to leave the label after six years of service and develop this album to bring a quick end to her contract, which had expected one more album.[59] She announced to MTV that she would begin writing her next album in December 2008, but it was never developed.[60][61] In 2009, Duff and Richard Vission contributed on a song titled "Any Other Day" for the What Goes Up soundtrack.[citation needed]

In 2009, she starred in two independent drama films. The first, as the title role of a young suicidal and rebellious teen in According to Greta, received mixed reviews; Andrew Barker of Variety magazine criticized Duff's "child star" approach to acting and wanted her to stay away from teen roles.[62] However, Los Angeles Times critic Robert Abele wrote that her attempt to "transform her bright-eyed wholesomeness into rebellious snark" in Greta "is a valiant one."[63] The second, as a narcissistic seductress in What Goes Up, also received mixed reviews. Brian Lowry of Variety magazine stated that Duff's performance "amounts to a near-adult role" yet labeled her role, and the film in general, "confused."[64]

Duff was also meant to star as Bonnie Parker in a 2009 independent remake of Bonnie and Clyde titled The Story of Bonnie and Clyde. Her co-star, slated to be appearing as Clyde Barrow, was Kevin Zegers.[65] However, in 2011, it was announced that Duff and Zegers were dropped from the cast due to scheduling conflicts.[66]

Despite turning down the lead role of Annie Mills in the television series 90210 in early 2008 because she was more interested in looking for projects outside the teen genre, Duff attained a recurring guest star role in the third season of Gossip Girl.[67][68] She played Olivia Burke, a movie star who enrolls in NYU in search of a traditional college experience. In the ninth episode, titled "They Shoot Humphreys, Don't They?", Duff's character ended up in a threesome with Penn Badgley's character Dan and Jessica Szhor's character Vanessa, which led to protests from parent groups.[69] The following year, she won a Teen Choice Award for Best Female Scene Stealer for her role as Olivia Burke; Enid Portugez of the LA Times also praised her performance by giving a positive review to her involvement in this adult role.[70][71] She appeared in six episodes of the season. In April that same year, she had guest roles in Ghost Whisperer and Law & Order: Special Victims Unit.[citation needed]

2010–12: Beauty & the Briefcase, Bloodworth, and early return to musical career[edit]

In 2010, Duff starred in the ABC Family television film Beauty & the Briefcase, in which she plays a fashion magazine columnist who writes about her dating struggles in the city. The film had a rating of 2.4 million viewers.[72] The same year, she appeared in an episode of the NBC sitcom Community as Meghan, the leader of a group of mean girls.[73][74] Duff also co-starred as Raven Halfacre, the teenage daughter of a promiscuous alcoholic mother, in the drama film Bloodworth, (2011) of which Los Angeles Times reviewer Sheri Linden thought she "acquits herself well" despite not warming to the film. The Examiner also wrote that the "biggest surprise performance [in the film] probably belongs to Hilary Duff."[75] She also played Shasta O'Neil, a sexy high school senior, in the Polish brothers' comedy Stay Cool (2011) in which she co-starred with Winona Ryder, Mark Polish, Sean Astin, Chevy Chase, and Jon Cryer to neither much critical nor commercial avail.[76][77] In 2012, she co-starred in Rob Margolies' comedy She Wants Me, as Kim Powers, a well-known starlet who enters a love triangle.[78]

In October 2011, Duff mentioned plans of a possible new album to E! Online.[79] In January 2012, she confirmed, through her official website and Twitter, that she had begun recording songs.[80][81] Throughout the recording sessions in 2012, Duff primarily worked with songwriter Ali Tamposi, musicians Matt Squire and Jason Evigan. She also began taking vocal lessons again to prepare her return to her musical career.[82] In August 2012, Duff signed a deal with 20th Century Fox to develop a sitcom in which she would star and produce. According to the deal if the thirty-minute sitcom failed to work, Duff would be cast in a different show. However, this plan failed to develop.[83][84][85] She appeared as a guest judge in Project Runway in September the same year.[86]

2013–present: Fifth studio album and Younger[edit]

In early 2013, Duff guest starred in the television shows Raising Hope,[87] and the tenth season finale of Two and a Half Men.[88] She also lent her voice to an animated film Wings, together with Jesse McCartney and Josh Duhamel released by the animation company Simka Entertainment. She reprised that role in 2014, for the movie's sequel Wings: Sky Force Heroes.[89] By July 2013, Duff had finished filming the independent film Flock of Dudes, which moved into post-production in August 2013.[90] In September 2013, Duff updated her Instagram account, revealing that she was working with record producer Billy Mann for a selection intended for her fifth upcoming album.[91] In November, Duff guest-starred on a Dora the Explorer special episode as Ice Witch.[92]

On January 15, 2014, it was announced that Duff signed on to co-star opposite Sutton Foster in a pilot episode for a sitcom titled Younger, based on a Pamela Redmond Satran novel. Duff plays Kelsey, an ambitious 20-something who persuades Foster's character Liza to work in a publishing firm. The show was created and executive produced by Darren Star and is set to air on TV Land with the pilot's filming already finished in February in New York City. The promotional photoshoot was made in the following month.[93] In April 2014, it was announced that the pilot was picked up for a series with a 12-episode deal and was initially set to premiere in the fall. However in an interview with Access Hollywood in May, Duff affirmed that they will continue filming in September 2014 in New York.[94] TVLand's president, Larry W. Jones who will also executive produce the sitcom stated that Younger will premiere in January 2015.[95] Duff's character is one of the lead roles in the show, marking her first time in ten years since Lizzie McGuire, to star in a television series.[96] Debi Mazar and Miriam Shor will co-star.[97]

On March 28, 2014, Duff confirmed through an Instagram upload that she had signed a new record deal. However, the record label Duff signed to was not revealed.[98] Duff attended the 2014 iHeartRadio Music Awards on May 1, 2014, where she confirmed that she was working with acclaimed songwriter Savan Kotecha and English indie singer Ed Sheeran.[99] On July 23, 2014, it was revealed that Duff had signed with RCA Records to release her upcoming fifth studio album. The lead single "Chasing the Sun" and its music video were simultaneously released on July 29, 2014.[100][101] The single reached number 79 on the Billboard Hot 100, and its music video raked in fourteen million views on YouTube in just one week of its release, becoming Duff's fastest viewed video.[102] A second single, titled "All About You", premiered on August 12 on a prerecorded radio show in Atlanta.[102] It received acclaim from critics, generally praising that it is an improvement from the generic-sounding "Chasing the Sun" and her vocal abilities.[103]

Other ventures[edit]


Clothing lines[edit]

Duff at a book signing in 2010

In addition to having signed with modelling agency IMG Models, Duff has launched two clothing lines. The first, "Stuff by Hilary Duff," was distributed through Target in the U.S., Kmart in Australia, Zellers in Canada, and Edgars Stores in South Africa from March 2004 onwards.[104] The company later expanded its business into furniture, fragrances and jewelry, which were primarily targeted at the teen and preteen crowd. But by the end of 2008, Duff ceased to have full control of the "Stuff by Hilary Duff" line, and it was officially discontinued as a result.[105][106]

Her second was a collaboration with DKNY Jeans where she co-designed a collection of special pieces. With the objective of designing a clothing line for girls her own age, the collaborative apparel line, titled Femme for DKNY Jeans, debuted in the U.S. in August 2009 and was around for a limited time.[107][108][109][110] A series of three-minute long shorts titled The Chase were released on her podcast channel on YouTube to promote the brand.[citation needed]


Duff has also released her own perfume, titled "With Love... Hilary Duff," which was distributed by the Elizabeth Arden company from September 2006 onward. The perfume was initially sold only in Macy's in the U.S., but later branched out to Europe, Japan and Canada. "With Love...Hilary Duff" was one of the three best-selling fragrances launched at U.S. department stores in late 2006. A summer version of the perfume, titled "Wrapped with Love," was released in January 2008 while a spring gift set version was released in time for that year's Valentine's Day.[111]

Novel trilogy[edit]

With Simon & Schuster, Duff set up a book-writing deal in which Elise Allen would collaborate with her. Published in October 2010, the first young adult novel to result from her and Allen's collaboration was titled Elixir and was subsequently released internationally and become a New York Times best-seller.[112]

Elixir traces the life of a seventeen-year-old photojournalist searching the world for her father after his disappearance. After fate brings her and an unknown beautiful man who had begun to mysteriously feature in her photographs, the pair strike up a love triangle, racing against time to unravel their pasts in order to save their futures. Duff participated in a book tour promoting the book starting in 2010. It covered the U.S., Brazil, France, and other locations.[citation needed]

Following the huge success of Elixir, its sequel, titled Devoted, was released in hardcover in October 2011. Devoted picks up where Elixir left off and continues the story of the dangerous love triangle.[113] Duff embarked on her second book tour to promote Devoted. The book tour for Devoted was carried out during Duff's pregnancy, and only covered the United States.[citation needed]

The third and final novel, True, was released in April 2013.[114] True was promoted without a book tour, but Duff had a book-signing session in Los Angeles. It was also promoted on The Ellen DeGeneres Show.[citation needed]

Duff also planned to release a non-fiction book to help children coping with divorce. It was slated for a spring of 2012 release, but it was never materialized.[115]


Duff at the launch of National Military Families Week (2005)

Duff has involved herself with various philanthropic activities.[116] For natural disasters, she donated $250,000 to help the victims of Hurricane Katrina in addition to donating over 2.5 million meals to Hurricane Katrina victims in southern US in 2005. In August 2006, Duff traveled to a New Orleans elementary school and worked with USA Harvest to distribute meals.[117][118]

She also has helped various youth charities and is a member of Kids with a Cause. Duff has also served on the Advisory Board of the Audrey Hepburn Child Benefit Fund and the Celebrity Council of Kids with a Cause.[119] In October 2008, Duff starred in a public service announcement for The Think Before You Speak Campaign by Ad Council and GLSEN to prevent youth from using anti-LGBT vocabulary, such as the phrase "That's So Gay."[120] In July 2009, Duff was named as a Youth Ambassador to the children of the Colombian capital, Bogotá. As a Youth Ambassador, she spent five days in the country, distributing backpacks filled with food to needy children.[121]

Duff is a strong animal rights supporter and commented when asked what she would do if she was not a celebrity, "I always wanted to be a veterinarian when I was younger, but then I figured out that animals actually die there, so that was not the job for me. Definitely something with kids or animals or something like that."[122]

In 2012, a few months after giving birth to her son, Duff was actively involved in the Johnson's Baby Cares campaign. The campaign included activities such as sending care kits and care cards to new mothers across the U.S. as a motivation. It also raises funds for children and poor families together with Save The Children.[123] Duff had also promoted the campaign on numerous television talk shows.[citation needed]

In September 2013, Duff was involved with the Stomp Out Bullying campaign. Duff starred in a short public service announcement and it was released to YouTube on September 5, 2013.[citation needed]

Towards the start of the Christmas shopping season in November 2013, Duff teamed up with Duracell in Canada for a campaign especially for kids in hospitals. The campaign called Powering Holiday Smiles donated 20,000 batteries to hospitals across Canada in order to power lifesaving medical devices and the thousands of playroom toys and games that children and their families will be using the holiday season of 2013 and beyond. The campaign encourages Canadians to buy Duracell Quantum AA-16 batteries, in which for every packet sold, one dollar will be donated to the Children's Miracle Network. The campaign began on November 22 and commenced on December 27, 2013. In order to promote the campaign, Duff paid a visit to The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario to hand out brand new toys supplied by Hasbro. She has discussed the campaign on Breakfast Television Toronto, a radio show and in numerous magazine interviews.[124]

Public image, impact, and legacy[edit]

Duff posing for cameras (2007)

Following her success from her Lizzie McGuire days, Richard Huff of the New York Daily News called Duff "a 2002 version of Annette Funicello" but admitted that the character of Lizzie McGuire was both a blessing and burden for her. In 2003, Huff stated that Duff's public image is "tied" to Lizzie McGuire.[4][125] In 2005, Katie Long from the Centre of Parent/Youth Understanding wrote an analysis about Duff and her suitability as an idol for young teens. Duff "is not like Britney Spears or Christina Aguilera...yet" who supposedly use their sex appeal to sell albums and "is someone that adolescent girls can relate to." The writer also stated that because Duff is all over the media, "how can [fans] not love her?"[126] However, while Duff is a "positive role model" who has a "close relationship" with her family, the writer acknowledged that as Duff matures, "her looks and message will most likely mature as well."[126]

Duff's debut album Metamorphosis was credited with helping to significantly raise the industry and corporate profile and marketplace presence of Hollywood Records, which Geoff Mayfield, charts director and senior analyst for Billboard magazine, said "[have] had some top albums before with the Tarzan movie soundtrack in 2000, but not like this Hilary Duff album".[127] The San Fernando Valley Business Journal wrote that the album was "giving Hollywood Records a needed shot in the arm" after a decline in CD sales during the previous two years had forced the label to reduce costs and alter its operation. Hilliard Lyons analyst Jeffrey Thomison cited Metamorphosis as a reflection of Disney's ability to develop "great synergy between their cable, film and music segments", particularly after The Lizzie McGuire Movie indicated that Duff's television fanbase could be migrated to film[127] — Geoff Mayfield said on the subject, "All things being equal, if this album were done by anybody else, it would not be a hit".[127] Metamorphosis made Duff the first "breakout artist" for Hollywood Records in its ten-year history, and its success coincided with that of albums by other artists on the label, such as Rascal Flatts and Josh Kelley, and of soundtracks for films such as The Cheetah Girls, Freaky Friday and The Lizzie McGuire Movie.[127] Later, partly as a result of Metamorphosis, Hollywood Records used the Disney Channel to launch brands such as High School Musical and Hannah Montana, and artists such as Aly & AJ, The Cheetah Girls, Hannah Montana star Miley Cyrus, Raven-Symoné, Vanessa Hudgens and Jesse McCartney.[128]

Over the years, she has striven to distance herself from her wholesome Disney image, which has included a revamp of her image and sound with the release of Dignity (2007). Since then, she has performed in more mature roles in films and appeared in more provocative photo shoots. In 2007, she graced the covers of Us Weekly and Shape in a bikini whilst her appearance on the cover of Maxim was accompanied by the declaration that she had gone "from the queen of teen to breakout sex symbol."[129] Following this, Duff placed at #23 on the annual Hot 100 Women list compiled by Maxim. She has remained on the list ever since in addition to being regularly listed on the annual FHM list of the 100 Sexiest Women (she peaked at #8 in 2008). The Associated Press wrote that this sudden provocativeness was representative of "a clear move [on Duff's part] to put her Lizzie McGuire past behind her," and that more provocative imaging of her would help her singles to garner mainstream radio play: "Ultimately, nature, time and genetics may help Duff in a way Disney, despite all its might, cannot."[129] However, despite "the fact that she is grown up," Duff "has managed to maintain her sweet persona," wrote Young Hollywood.[130]

In a June 2006 interview with Elle magazine, Duff was quoted as saying: "...(virginity) is definitely something I like about myself. It doesn't mean I haven't thought about sex, because everyone I know has had it and you want to fit in."[131][132] Duff later told MuchMusic that she did not say the quotes attributed to her in the article; the subject was "definitely not something that I would talk about..."[133] She denied the quotes again in a 2008 interview with Maxim magazine.[134]

The same year too in 2006, Duff was attributed to having an eating disorder, following her dramatic weight loss in just a period of few months. She denied the claims by stating that those were "nonsense". She then admitted that because of the pressure from the media, she started to cut down her diet by eating only steamed vegetables or grilled chicken meat. In a 2010 interview with Health, Duff opened up about the issue, stating "I got pretty skinny when I was between 17 and 19, at that time I was starting to become aware of what people said about me and how I looked in pictures". She further mentioned that she regretted that decision and "was not really happy at that time". Duff then stressed that having a partner is important for increasing self-confidence and thankfulness for the beauty granted. She credited her husband Mike Comrie, saying “It really helps to have a partner that loves everything about you and makes you feel really beautiful". She also shared some health tips in the interview such as eating lots of vegetables, hummus and fruits and working out with people that we can communicate with. She then reminded that "nobody’s perfect, but it helps to look for things to feel good about, rather than things to feel bad about".[135]

Just a few months after entering motherhood in March 2012, Duff was teased by Internet users about her post-delivery body. This was sparked when photos of Duff relaxing in a bikini, taken by paparazzi, surfaced on the web. This led Duff to give out a statement in an interview with In Touch Weekly, saying "I don't care what people say, say it to my face!". She further stated that her body was not in the state she would want it to be in but she did not feel stressed out. Duff explained that she pairs up spin classes and private training to shed her weight.[136] However, Duff stated that with the birth of her son, she learned to appreciate what her body could do, in an interview with Parade.com. In the same interview too, Duff said that the birth of her son has strengthened her relationship with her husband.[137] A year later in 2013, Duff revealed that it took her a whole year for her to lose her post-pregnancy weight. She said that she is finally comfortable with her body and revealed that she lost nearly 50 pounds since the birth of her son. Duff stated that she revamped her diet and hired a personal trainer to train her in boxing, which was one of the ways she lost her weight other than piloxing and spin cycling.[138] Duff's slow but healthy method in shedding off her post-pregnancy weight was praised by health experts and was looked up by actress Tia Mowry, who cited Duff as her idol in taking up a healthy and safer way to lose the excess weight gained during pregnancy.[139]

Since having her child, Duff has been really vocal about being followed and photographed all the time by paparazzis. In a 2013 interview with omg! Insider, Duff said "It's hard having a baby and having paparazzi follow you all around all the time". She then stated, "I haven't had to explain it to my son yet, what's going on. For the most part they respect me and they respect my space, but it's tough to always be photographed".[140] The same year too, in a Canadian radio interview, Duff gave a harsher and much more straight forward opinion about this issue. She said, “I hate when they take photographs of my son. I hate when they jump around and there’s 10 of them all snapping away when we’re just trying to enjoy each other at the park and every moment seems to be documented for people to make money on". Duff also declares herself as an advocate for laws to prevent paparazzi from snapping photographs of minor children. “I totally think children need more rights,” said Duff. “I think kids should be able to be kids for as long as possible". Duff said having every outing with her little boy captured by cameras is “encroaching [on] our time together and our happiness and our growth as mom and son, and family, and all that stuff". She further admitted that she understands it's a business but there has to be a law or a limit to it. Duff said she is particularly upset about how the photos are used. “They do disgusting things like ‘Who wore it better?’ on celebrities’ kids who both have the same outfit on,” she said. “It makes me sick and I think that’s really wrong".[141] In 2014, Duff expressed her anger on Twitter regarding two paparazzis who was taking too many photos of her son without her consent. She tweeted that she had the opportunity to arrest them but decided to not to. She wrote "I chose to let them off with a stern warning next time I will not be so nice". In a separate tweet she exclaimed "ALL kids deserve to have their childhood!!". In the tweets, Duff used the hashtag #NoKidsPolicy to refer to a law that she, actress Kristen Bell, blogger Jared Eng and other stars are trying to pass, which will prohibit paparazzi from taking pictures of celebrities’ children.[142]

After not being active for nearly six years in the musical industry, Duff stated in an interview in 2014 that she would not return with a provocative image, unlike most child stars or celebrities nowadays. Duff said that she would stay true to the public and remain as an authentic person. She added, "Besides if everyone's doing the same thing then being provocative isn't provocative anymore." Duff also said that she was glad to take a big break off her career and settle down to start a family, saying "I stayed away for three and a half years - I met my husband, I got married. Taking the time to learn who I am and who I want to be really helped. Now I'm ready to jump back in."[143]

Her hit comedy series, a successful career crossover and also her humble attitude, made Duff a major influence on many young female stars including Miley Cyrus,[144] Selena Gomez,[145] Demi Lovato,[146] Ariana Grande[147] and Keke Palmer.[148]

Personal life[edit]


Duff dated pop singer Aaron Carter on and off between 2001 and 2003 before he met and dated Lindsay Lohan. It was reported that Carter soon left Lohan and went back to dating Duff, starting a feud between the two actresses.[149]

In July 2004, a 16-year-old Duff began dating Good Charlotte singer Joel Madden, who was then 25 years of age.[150] After a long period of tabloid speculation, Duff's mother Susan announced their relationship in a June 2005 interview for Seventeen magazine.[151] In November 2006, Duff and Madden broke up.[152]

Canadian ice hockey player Mike Comrie married Duff in 2010

In 2007, Duff began dating Canadian NHL player Mike Comrie. Duff and Comrie announced their engagement in February 2010,[153][154] and married on August 14, 2010 in Santa Barbara, California.[155] The couple has a son born in March 2012.[156][157] Duff and Comrie announced on January 10, 2014, that they had separated but would continue to co-parent their son.[158] To explain rumors about them reconciling, Duff said in a red carpet interview during the iHeartRadio Music Awards that she and Comrie are "really good friends and have so much respect for each other", further stressing that their son is their priority. She went on saying that they make plans to meet up frequently because they want to "hang out" and that they "love each other and love spending time together". Duff ended by saying she does not know how their future will turn out but affirmed that they are doing "really good right now".[159]


Duff owns four dogs and two cats. Among them are a Bernese mountain dog named Dubois and two other different ones named Jak and Coco.[160] Jak was a present from Duff's ex, Joel Madden back in 2005. One of her dogs, a chihuahua named Lola, died in 2013 after battling with numerous health issues since 2011. Back in 2012, Duff explained via her Twitter account about Lola's health condition, "Lola was having terrible seizures. She had a shunt put in her [skull] to drain fluid off her brain and now is doing great."[161] She and Lola appeared as playable characters in the Playstation 2 version of The Sims 2 Pets in 2006.[162]


After Duff showed up with Chad Michael Murray to the red carpet premiere for Lohan's film Freaky Friday (2003), Lohan further fueled this feud by appearing at a red carpet premiere for Duff's film Cheaper by the Dozen (2003).[163] In 2007, it was reported that the two reconciled, with Lohan accepting an invitation to Duff's Dignity album release party.[164]

A spat with Avril Lavigne also made headlines because Lavigne called Duff a "mommy's girl." The two had no public reconciliation.[165]

When it was announced that Duff was to play Bonnie Parker in the planned 2009 independent film about Bonnie and Clyde, actress Faye Dunaway dissed the decision on casting Duff as the character she made famous. Dunaway shamed Duff by saying "couldn't they at least cast a real actress?". Hearing the remark, Duff defended herself by saying "I think that my fans who are going to see this movie don't even know who she is". She also mentioned Dunaway's excessive plastic surgeries. In an interview on The Bonnie Hunt Show the same year, Duff defended what she told Dunaway and thinks that as a young actress, she needs time to grow and take on different roles in her acting career.[166][167]

Parents' separation[edit]

At the end of 2006, Duff's parents separated after 22 years of marriage. She wrote about the pain caused by the separation in her songs "Stranger" and "Gypsy Woman" for her fourth studio album, Dignity.[168] Duff opened up about the separation with Seventeen, saying that the problem has been going on for a year and that she and her sister dealt with it quietly.[169]

Stalking incident[edit]

In 2006, Duff was stalked by a 19-year-old Russian immigrant identified as Max and his 50-year-old roommate David Joseph Klein. She filed for restraining orders against the two men,[170] claiming that Max "threatened to kill himself" to get her attention. She also alleged that he threatened to "remove enemies" who stand in his way, including Duff's boyfriend at the time Joel Madden. Max, later identified as Maksim Myaskovskiy, was sentenced to 117 days in prison.[citation needed]



List of film credits
Year Title Role Notes
1998 Casper Meets Wendy Wendy Direct-to-video
1999 The Soul Collector Ellie Television film
2002 Cadet Kelly Kelly Television film
2002 Human Nature Young Lila Jute
2003 Agent Cody Banks Natalie Connors
2003 The Lizzie McGuire Movie Lizzie McGuire/Isabella Parigi
2003 Cheaper by the Dozen Lorraine Baker
2004 A Cinderella Story Samantha "Sam" Montgomery
2004 Raise Your Voice Teresa "Terri" Fletcher
2004 In Search of Santa Crystal Voice, direct-to-video
2005 The Perfect Man Holly Hamilton
2005 Cheaper by the Dozen 2 Lorraine Baker
2006 Material Girls Tanzania "Tanzie" Marchetta Also producer
2008 War, Inc. Yonica Babyyeah
2009 Stay Cool Shasta O'Neil
2009 What Goes Up Lucy Diamond
2009 According to Greta Greta Also executive producer
2010 Beauty & the Briefcase Lane Daniels Television film, also producer
2011 Bloodworth Raven Halfacre
2012 She Wants Me Kim Powers
2012 Foodfight! Sunshine Goodness[171] Voice
2013 Wings Windy Voice, direct-to-video
2014 Flock of Dudes Amanda Awaiting release
2014 Wings: Sky Force Heroes Windy Voice, direct-to-video


List of television credits
Year Title Role Notes and episode(s)
1997 True Women Uncredited[172] Mini-series
2000 Chicago Hope Jessie Seldon[172] "Cold Hearts" (Season 6, episode 17)
2001–04 Lizzie McGuire Elizabeth "Lizzie" Brooke McGuire Disney Channel Original Series, 65 episodes
2001–06 Express Yourself Herself Series of short segments shown on Disney Channel
2003 George Lopez Stephanie[172] "Team Leader" (Season 2, episode 22)
2003 American Dreams The Shangri-Las (with Haylie Duff)[172] "Change a Comin" (Season 2, episode 8)
2004 Frasier Voice of Britney[172] "Frasier-Lite" (Season 11, episode 12)
2005 Joan of Arcadia Dylan Samuels "The Rise & Fall of Joan Girardi" (Season 2, episode 14)
2005 George Lopez Kenzie "George's Grand Slam" (Season 4, episode 19)
2005 Dear Santa Herself TV special
2007 Andy Milonakis Show, TheThe Andy Milonakis Show Herself "Andy Moves to L.A." (Season 3, episode 1)
2007 Hilary Duff: This Is Now Herself MTV documentary
2009 Ghost Whisperer Morgan Jeffries "Thrilled to Death" (Season 4, episode 19)
2009 Law & Order: SVU Ashlee Walker "Selfish" (Season 10, episode 19)
2009 Gossip Girl Olivia Burke Recurring role (Season 3), 6 episodes
2010 Community Meghan "Aerodynamics of Gender" (Season 2, episode 7)
2012 Project Runway Herself "It's Fashion Baby" (Season 10, episode 11)
2013 Raising Hope Rachel[173] "The Old Girl" (Season 3, episode 20)
2013 Two and a Half Men Stacey "Cows, Prepare to be Tipped" (Season 10, episode 23)
2013 Dora the Explorer Ice Witch Voice only, "Dora's Ice Skating Spectacular" (Season 1, episode 153)
2014 Real Girl's Kitchen Herself "Mali Boo-yah" (Season 1, episode 1) & "Duff Family Crab Boil" (Season 1, episode 5)[174]
2015 Younger Kelsey Lead Role, Pre-producing


List of credits
Year Title Role Notes and episode(s)
2007–2009 Hilary Duff Podcast Herself Special feature on YouTube
2012 Funny or Die Herself "Hilary Duff's Pregnancy Secrets"
2014 Real Girl's Kitchen Herself "Mali Boo-yah" & "Duff Family Crab Boil"



The Elixir Trilogy with Elise Allen

Publisher: Simon & Schuster

Awards and nominations[edit]


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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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