The product of two Hilbert–Schmidt operators has finite trace class norm; therefore, if A and B are two Hilbert–Schmidt operators, the Hilbert–Schmidt inner product can be defined as
The Hilbert–Schmidt operators form a two-sided *-ideal in the Banach algebra of bounded operators on H. They also form a Hilbert space, which can be shown to be naturally isometrically isomorphic to the tensor product of Hilbert spaces
where H* is the dual space of H.
The set of Hilbert–Schmidt operators is closed in the norm topology if, and only if, H is finite dimensional.
An important class of examples is provided by Hilbert–Schmidt integral operators.
Hilbert–Schmidt operators are nuclear operators of order 2, and are therefore compact.