Hildenborough

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Hildenborough
Hildenborough is located in Kent
Hildenborough
Hildenborough
 Hildenborough shown within Kent
Population 4,600 (2001 census)
OS grid reference TQ565485
District Tonbridge and Malling
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TONBRIDGE
Postcode district TN11
Dialling code 01732
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Tonbridge & Malling
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Coordinates: 51°12′50″N 0°14′31″E / 51.214°N 0.242°E / 51.214; 0.242

Hildenborough is a village and rural parish in the borough of Tonbridge and Malling in Kent, England. It is located 2 miles (3.2 km) north-west of Tonbridge and 5 miles (8 km) south-east of Sevenoaks. The village lies in the River Medway valley, near the North Downs, in an area known as The Weald.

Origin of name[edit]

Hildenborough was originally just Hilden – or, in its 13th-century form, Hyldenn. The elements here are Old English hyll ‘hill’ and denn ‘woodland pasture’, so the sense is of a ‘pasture on or by a hill’. By 1349 the name had become Hildenborough, having acquired the affix from burh ‘manor, borough’.

Wartime[edit]

At the outbreak of World War 2 in September 1939 Hildenborough was considered a quiet safe location and children from London schools were evacuated to the Village School. In October 1939 there were 250 evacuees on the school roll.[1] In the absence of air raids on London during this period of the “phoney war” many of these children returned home. The quiet was not to last.

In July 1940 the Battle of Britain got underway in the skies above Kent and the village became anything but quiet. Hildenborough is only ten miles from Biggin Hill, an important airfield and a Sector headquarters coordinating airfields in Kent. Other airfields under Biggin Hill were at Gravesend some fifteen miles away and night fighters were at West Malling ten miles away. There were emergency landing strips in Stocks Green Road, Hildenborough less than a mile from the village centre and at Penshurst Airfield, Charcotte only 3 miles away. Most of the evacuees had left the village before the bombs started to fall.

On 6 September a Hurricane piloted by Flying Officer Bowring attacked a Junkers 88 Bomber and the pilot of the crippled plane ordered his radio operator to bail out. This was Corporal Heinrich Agel and he landed on the roof of the “Boilin Kettle” tea rooms. He was taken in by the owners and given tea and cakes while they waited for the Police to arrive. The plane went on to crash land at Tanyard Farm in Hadlow Road, Tonbridge. The crew of five were reunited at Tonbridge Police station before being taken to a POW camp for the duration of the war.[2]

On September 11 a twin engine Heinkel 111 bomber was shot down by two Hurricanes and crash landed on the airstrip behind the Old Barn in Stocks Green Road. The Hurricanes circled to watch as the crew of five walked away from the wreckage and were captured by a group of soldiers.

October 27, a Sunday, started with a Mk11 Spitfire (P7539) diving to earth behind the Half Moon pub killing the Pilot John R.Mather. (Investigations of the crash site in the 1972 did not reveal any battle damage. The cause of the crash was probably mechanical failure).[3] Later that same day a Messerschmitt 109 was shot and forced to land on Penshurst airfield, a temporary air strip near Penshurst. The pilot of the Spitfire was flying officer Peter Chesters.[4]

After this busy spell the village did not suffer from the war until one day in 1942 bombs fell on the “Grenadier Pub” in Riding Lane. There were no injuries; the landlord was safe in his cellar tapping a new barrel.[5]

The village and surrounding area played host to American troops who all left the area in the follow up from D-Day. The war returned in June 1944 with the first of the flying bombs. On 29 June a flying bomb damaged School House and there are numerous records of the disturbance caused by the flying bombs.([1]) The window in the north transept of St Johns Church was blown out at this time. It became so dangerous in the village that in July children were evacuated in what was now called “Buzz Bomb Alley”.[1] There were other V1 and V2 events in the village but these are not well documented as many of these fell in fields. Ref.1 Hildenborough School Log book. Ref.2 Blazing Bomber to Boiling Kettle by Gordon Church. Bygone Kent Vol. II No. 5. Ref.3 Courier Newspaper 1972 Ref.4 "The Airmen's Stories – P/O P Chesters". Battle of Britain Museum. Retrieved 14 January 2010. Ref. 5 Courier Newspaper

Transport[edit]

Hildenborough stood on the first road in Kent to be turnpiked in 1710: the highway from Sevenoaks through Tonbridge to Tunbridge Wells; carrying much traffic en route to “the Wells”. A number of inns sprang up to service this traffic, including the Hilden Manor and the Half Moon.

Today the village, along with Tonbridge and Sevenoaks, is by-passed by the modern A21 road.

The railway was late coming to Hildenborough: the South Eastern Railway did not open its direct line from London until 1 May 1868. The six-mile (ten-kilometre) gradient up to Sevenoaks takes its name from the village. The railway station was situated close to the existing houses at the time, which is now about one mile (one and a half kilometres) from the village centre.

Religion[edit]

By the 1840s, the Parish of Tonbridge was approximately 10 miles (16 km) long and 2 12 miles (4.0 km) wide. A circular letter dated 26 September 1842 explained that, "as the Parish was so large, a great many people were unable to attend the church [in nearby Tonbridge]." It was proposed that, "a new church should be built for the people living in the Hildenborough district." Dedicated to St. John the Evangelist, the church was consecrated on 9 July 1844.[6]

In 1992 a "church plant" was established by St John's at Stocks Green School, to serve the southern part of the village, initially meeting monthly until 1994 when weekly services started. The congregation moved back to the Church Centre (hall) at St John's in 2008 http://www.stjohnshildenboro.co.uk

Hildenborough Gospel Hall, located in Mount Pleasant, was established some time around 1850. http://www.hildenboroughgospelhall.co.uk

Modern Hildenborough[edit]

Sackville School, a private educational establishment, now occupies Foxbush House, built in 1866 for Charles Fitch Kemp, a London chartered accountant, who had an “ambition to be a country landowner”. The house was subsequently sold twice before the Second World War, when it was occupied by the military. It was used by various educational establishments from 1949; Sackville School was established in 1987 and its grounds are a Registered Historic Park.

Apart from one large financial institution Fidelity Investments having set up its UK Headquarters in Hildenborough and a GlaxoSmithKline factory at nearby Powder Mills, commerce in the village is primarily based on small businesses. It is very much a commuter village with its good transport links with London.

One of the village's oldest buildings, the Hilden Manor restaurant owned by Beefeater, was burnt down by a fire caused by an electrical fault, and has now been restored and rebuilt by Oaklands. It was officially re-opened on 6 October 2006, along with a Premier Travel Inn newly built next to it.

The village's GP practice can be traced back to 1879. The Hildenborough and Tonbridge Medical Group now has a large, purpose-built medical centre in Westwood which also houses a dispensary. The practice has over 16000 patients, with branch surgeries in the villages of Leigh and Weald, as well as the Trenchwood Medical Centre in north Tonbridge.

The Raphael Medical Centre in Coldharbour Lane offers Speech Therapy, Art & Music Therapy to help patients regain mental and physical abilities lost through serious illness or accidents.

Schools[edit]

Hildenborough pays host to a number of schools. There is one private primary school, Fosse Bank, one private secondary, Sackville, and two state primaries, Stocks Green school and Hildenborough CEP school. Hildenborough primary was the first school in the village, and is over 150 years old.

Activities[edit]

There are several activities for children and teenagers, including those run by Hildenborough Church, and a Scout troop (8th Tonbridge). There are three football teams associated with the village Hildenborough Athletic FC, two being in the local Sevenoaks & District League and the first team playing football in the Kent County Division One league as of 2011-2012 season. Action Medical Research have a regular charity cycling event, the 'Castle 100' every year that runs through Riding Lane and Shipbourne http://www.kent.gov.uk/leisure-and-culture/explore-kent/cycling/Tonbridge-Castle-charity-ride.htm

The Cock Horse Pub

Entertainment and Dining[edit]

Hildenborough is home to several pubs and restaurants, including the refurbished Hilden Manor, the Flying Dutchman and the Cock Horse. In addition, the Half Moon pub on Tonbridge road is a frequent live music venue.

Local celebrities[edit]

Hildenborough is the family home of Olympic double-gold medallist Kelly Holmes. Other famous residents included the late Sir Henry Cooper.

Henry (Real Name Hyla) Stallard MBE (1901–73) lived in Mill Lane, he was an athlete in the 1924 Paris Olympics and represented Great Britain in the 800 and 1500m. He hurt his foot in one of the races but he picked himself up and carried on running. An actor played him in Chariots of Fire. He became a pioneering eye surgeon at St Barts Hospital and Moorfields. He later moved with his wife Gywnneth to Forest Row in Sussex but used to spend Christmas in Hildenborough with his relatives. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1017335/?page=1

World War I Victoria Cross recipient, William Allison White (1894-1974) has a memorial headstone in Hildenborough churchyard.[7]

Demography[edit]

Hildenborough compared
2001 UK Census Hildenborough ward Tonbridge and Malling borough England
Population 4,588 107,561 49,138,831
Foreign born 5.7% 4.6% 9.2%
White 98.7% 98.3% 90.9%
Asian 0.4% 0.7% 4.6%
Black 0.1% 0.1% 2.3%
Christian 78.8% 76.1% 71.7%
Muslim 0.2% 0.3% 3.1%
Hindu 0.2% 0.2% 1.1%
No religion 12.6% 15% 14.6%
Unemployed 1.5% 1.9% 3.3%
Retired 17.1% 14.2% 13.5%

At the 2001 UK census, the Hildenborough electoral ward had a population of 4,588. The ethnicity was 98.7% white, 0.6% mixed race, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% black and 0.2% other. The place of birth of residents was 94.3% United Kingdom, 0.6% Republic of Ireland, 1.7% other Western European countries, and 3.4% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 78.8% Christian, 0.1% Buddhist, 0.2% Hindu, 0% Sikh, 0.1% Jewish, and 0.2% Muslim. 12.6% were recorded as having no religion, 0.4% had an alternative religion and 7.6% did not state their religion.[8]

The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 39.1% in full-time employment, 13.5% in part-time employment, 10.9% self-employed, 1.5% unemployed, 2.4% students with jobs, 3.2% students without jobs, 17.1% retired, 7.8% looking after home or family, 2.8% permanently sick or disabled and 1.7% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 13.4% retail, 9.3% manufacturing, 7.2% construction, 17.6% real estate, 9.2% health and social work, 10.2% education, 5.5% transport and communications, 3.9% public administration, 3.2% hotels and restaurants, 12.5% finance, 1.5% agriculture and 6.5% other. Compared with national figures, the ward had a relatively high proportion of workers in education, finance and real estate. There were a relatively low proportion in manufacturing, public administration, hotels and restaurants. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 25.9% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 1
  2. ^ 2
  3. ^ 3
  4. ^ 4
  5. ^ 5
  6. ^ http://history.touch2000.org.uk/stjohns
  7. ^ [1] Grave locations of Victoria Cross holders in Kent. He had died in Shropshire and been cremated in Shrewsbury.
  8. ^ a b "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2008-02-26. 

External links[edit]