Hilding Faxén

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Olov Hilding Faxén (March 29, 1892 – 1970) was a Swedish physicist who was primarily active within mechanics.

Faxén received his doctorate in 1921 at Uppsala University with the thesis Einwirkung der Gefässwände auf den Widerstand gegen die Bewegung einer kleinen Kugel in einer zähen Flüssigkeit ("Influence of the container walls on the resistance against movement by a small ball in a viscous fluid").[1] One of his contributions was to formulate Faxén's law, which is a correction to Stokes' law for the friction on spherical objects in a viscous fluid, valid in the case when the object moves close to a wall of the container.[2] This was a problem previously treated by Carl Wilhelm Oseen (1910) and Horace Lamb (1911), but incompletely solved.[3]

After the death of Ivar Fredholm, Faxén temporarily upheld the chair in mathematical physics at Stockholm University College, before Oskar Klein was made the new professor.[4] Faxén then served as professor at Chalmers Institute of Technology, first in mathematics from 1930 and then in mechanics and mathematics 1934-1935.[5] In 1935, Faxén was appointed professor of mechanics at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, where he remained until his retirement in 1958.[6]

Together with the Norwegian physicist Johan Holtsmark published Faxén a work in 1927 about scattering of electrons in gases.[7] Here they introduced a new, mathematical method based upon partial waves. This is now standard and described in almost every modern book on quantum mechanics.

In 1948, Faxén was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Libris record
  2. ^ Single molecule measurements and biological motors - Glossary, accessed on May 12, 2009
  3. ^ E. Rune Lindgren: The Motion of a Sphere in an Incompressible Viscous Fluid at Reynolds Numbers Considerably Less Than One, 1999 Phys. Scr. '60 97-110
  4. ^ Kosmologika: Oskar Klein, accessed on May 12, 2009 (Swedish)
  5. ^ Announcement in Teknisk tidskrift, September 8, 1934 (Swedish)
  6. ^ Uppsala University: Till minne av Olle Fröman ("In memory of Olle Fröman"), accessed on May 12, 2009 (Swedish)
  7. ^ H. Faxén und J.P. Holtsmark, Beitrag zur Theorie des Durchganges langsamer Elektronen durch Gase, Zeitschrift für Physik 45, 307–324 (1927).