Hill City, Kansas

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Hill City, Kansas
City
Location within Graham County {left} and Kansas (right)
Location within Graham County {left} and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 39°22′2″N 99°50′44″W / 39.36722°N 99.84556°W / 39.36722; -99.84556Coordinates: 39°22′2″N 99°50′44″W / 39.36722°N 99.84556°W / 39.36722; -99.84556
Country United States
State Kansas
County Graham
Area[1]
 • Total 1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)
 • Land 1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,185 ft (666 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,474
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,462
 • Density 1,500/sq mi (570/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67642
Area code(s) 785
FIPS code 20-32175 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0472209 [5]
Website City Website

Hill City is a city in and the county seat of Graham County, Kansas, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,474.[7]

History[edit]

Hill City was founded in 1876, making it the oldest town in Graham County.[8] It was named for its founder, W. R. Hill.[9] Hill City was located on the Union Pacific Railway.[10]

The first post office in Hill City was established in September 1878.[11] Hill City was designated county seat in 1880.[8]

Geography[edit]

Hill City is located at 39°22′02″N 99°50′44″W / 39.367319°N 99.845558°W / 39.367319; -99.845558 (39.367319, -99.845558).[12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.00 square mile (2.59 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

On June 9, 2005 a large tornado passed 1 mile south of Hill City.[13] And again hit by a large tornado just north of the city on June 20, 2011.[citation needed]

On June 26, 2012 the temperature reached 115 degrees, breaking the June record tied just 2 days earlier and during the Dust Bowl on June 30, 1933. The town was the hottest city in the United States for four days in a row with temperatures of 114, 111, 115, and 115.[14][15]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 1,835
2000 1,604 −12.6%
2010 1,474 −8.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,474 people, 669 households, and 404 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,474.0 inhabitants per square mile (569.1 /km2). There were 783 housing units at an average density of 783.0 per square mile (302.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.2% White, 4.5% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 669 households of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.6% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.76.

The median age in the city was 48 years. 20.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19% were from 25 to 44; 29.9% were from 45 to 64; and 23.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,604 people, 696 households, and 448 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,716.3 people per square mile (665.9/km2). There were 795 housing units at an average density of 850.7 per square mile (330.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.33% White, 3.43% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.12% of the population.

There were 696 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 25.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 86.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,236, and the median income for a family was $36,500. Males had a median income of $26,207 versus $18,295 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,989. About 6.2% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 844. 
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 156. 
  10. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 196. 
  11. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ Tornado passed near Hill City, Kansas on June 9, 2005
  14. ^ Cities as Hot as Death Valley; Weather Channel; June 27, 2012
  15. ^ Hill City Nation's hot spot for four days in a row; The Wichita Eagle; June 28, 2012.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Maps