Hill River (Western Australia)

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Hill River
Origin 8 km (5 mi) east of Badgingarra
Mouth Indian Ocean
Basin countries Australia
Length 86 kilometres (53 mi)
Source elevation 328 metres (1,076 ft)[1]
Mouth elevation sea level
Basin area 3,721 square kilometres (1,437 sq mi)[2]

Hill River is a river in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia.

Geography[edit]

The headwaters of the Hill River rise near Dinner Hill, approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) east of Badgingarra. It then flows in a westerly direction, crossing the Brand Highway just north of Badgingarra, passing through the Hill River Nature Reserve and the northern boundary of the Southern Beekeepers Nature Reserve and finally discharging into the Indian Ocean 8.7 kilometres (5 mi) south of Jurien Bay.

The river has four tributaries; Coomallo Creek, Winjardie Creek, Munbinea Creek and Boothendara Creek.

History[edit]

The river was discovered and named by the explorer George Grey on 14 April 1839 during his second disastrous expedition along the Western Australian coast.[3][4]

It was likely named after Rowland Hill, well known for his inception of the Uniform Penny Post, but importantly for Grey, Secretary to the Colonization Commissioners for South Australia (under the South Australia Act 1834). Grey's friend and promoter William Hutt M.P. was also a Commissioner.[5] In the previous week, Grey had also named rivers after Hutt, Hutt's wife Mary Bowes, Hutt's business partner John Chapman and Charles Buller M.P., an active parliamentary proponent of the free colonization of South Australia.[3] In October 1840, at 28 years of age, Grey was appointed Governor of South Australia.[6]

Uses[edit]

The mouth of the Hill River is a popular camping destination and can be reached in a two wheel drive vehicle. The river mouth is usually closed to the ocean by a sandbar, which opens up in periods of high river flow.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bonzle Digital Atlas – Map of Hill River". 2009. Retrieved 12 March 2009. 
  2. ^ "Ribbons of Blue - Mid West Region". 2008. Retrieved 12 March 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Grey, George (1841). Journals of two expeditions of discovery in North-West and Western Australia, during the years 1837, 38, and 39, describing many newly discovered, important, and fertile districts, with observations on the moral and physical condition of the aboriginal inhabitants, etc. etc. 2. London: T. and W. Boone. p. 263. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  4. ^ "History of River Names". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "The foundation of South Australia". South Australian Register. 11 Sep 1869. p. 2. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "Grey, Sir George (1812–1898)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°23′12″S 115°03′05″E / 30.38667°S 115.05139°E / -30.38667; 115.05139