Hill of Howth Tramway
The Howth Tram was a tram which circled Howth Head, near Dublin, Ireland, beginning and terminating at Sutton railway station. It operated from June 1901 to 31 May 1959 and was run by the Great Northern Railway (Ireland) (GNR(I)), which viewed it as a way to bring more customers to its railway stations at Sutton and Howth.
Electric double-decker tramcars ran the five-mile route, which went from Sutton station along Greenfield Road and Carrickbrack Road to St. Fintan's Cemetery, then past the Baily post office and Stella Maris convent to Howth Summit. From there, the tramway ran down into Howth, terminating at the railway station. Most of the route was single track, with passing points at the main stopping places. The track gauge was 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in), the same standard as railways in Ireland.
Closure and replacement
In 1958, Córas Iompair Éireann (CIE) took over GNR(I)'s operations in the Republic of Ireland, including the Howth Tram. A year later, the tramway was closed down. It was initially replaced by two CIE bus routes – numbers 87 (Sutton to Ceanchor Road) and 88 (Howth to Windgate Road). Two routes were necessary, as several narrow hill curves were not passable by the buses used. Eventually, sections of the disused tram route between the Baily post office and the Summit were converted to a wider road and a single bus route (number 88) was possible.
The area is now served by the 31, 31a and 31b bus routes which operate from Abbey Street in the city centre. In winter, icy roads on the hill occasionally cause the bus service to be suspended, unlike the tram, which ran in all weather conditions.
One of the tramcars, number 9, is now exhibited at the National Transport Museum of Ireland, which is located at Howth Castle near the former terminus of the tramway at Howth railway station. Tramcar 10 is also preserved at the National Tramway Museum in Derbyshire, England.
- Dublin United Transport Company - The largest tramway operator in Dublin (pre-1945)
- Dublin and Blessington Steam Tramway - Another tramway
- Dublin tram system
- "Hill Of Howth Tramway Closure". Irish Railfans' News (Railway Preservation Society of Ireland) 5 (3): 6. July 1959.
- Kilroy, James: Howth and her Trams: Stories and Sketches of the Howth Tram, Fingal Books, Dublin (1986). ISBN 1-85186-010-X : 9781851860104
- Kilroy, James: Trams to the Hill of Howth: A Photographic Tribute, Colourpoint Books, Newtownards, Co. Down (1998) ISBN 1-898392-13-7, ISBN 978-1-898392-13-2