Oake

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Oake
Red stone church with square tower.
Church of St Bartholonew, Oake
Oake is located in Somerset
Oake
Oake
 Oake shown within Somerset
Population 765 [1]
OS grid reference ST155255
District Taunton Deane
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TAUNTON
Postcode district TA4
Dialling code 01823
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Taunton Deane
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°01′21″N 3°12′22″W / 51.0226°N 3.2061°W / 51.0226; -3.2061

Oake is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Taunton in the Taunton Deane district. The village has a population of 765.[1]

The parish includes the hamlet of Hillfarrance on Hillfarrance Brook a tributary of the River Tone, and the villages of Hillcommon and Heathfield.

The Sustrans cycle route 3 from Bristol to Padstow passes through the village, as does the route of the Grand Western Canal.

History[edit]

The village was named Acon in 897 based on the early presence of Oak trees. From Saxon times it formed part of the manor of Taunton Deane which belonged to the Bishop of Winchester.[2]

The parishes of Heathfield and Hillfarrance were part of the Taunton Deane Hundred.[3]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Taunton Deane, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Wellington Rural District.[4] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Taunton Deane county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

Between Oake and Bradford on Tone is Lang's Farm, a biological Site of Special Scientific Interest which provides an example of unimproved, herb-rich neutral grassland of a type now rare in Britain.[5]

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of the Holy Cross in Hillfarance dates from the 14th century, with the tower being added in 1540,[6] and has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[7]

In Oake village the Church of St Bartholonew dates from the 13th century,[8] whereas the Church of St John the Baptist in Heathfield retains its 13th century tower but the rest of the church was largely rebuilt in 1841.[9]

Hillcommon had a Methodist chapel which was built in 1846 but fell into disuse.[10] It has now been converted into residential accommodation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The complete guide. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press Ltd. p. 160. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  3. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Wellington RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Lang's Farm". English Nature. Retrieved 2006-08-14. 
  6. ^ Dunning, Robert (2007). Somerset Churches and Chapels: Building Repair and Restoration. Halsgrove. p. 44. ISBN 978-1841145921. 
  7. ^ "Church of the Holy Cross". Images of England. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  8. ^ "Church of St Bartholonew". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  9. ^ "Church of St John the Baptist". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  10. ^ "Methodist Chapel". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 

External links[edit]