Hillsboro, Kansas

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Hillsboro, Kansas
City
Natural Science Center on Tabor College campus in 2007
Natural Science Center on Tabor College campus in 2007
Motto: Respect for the past, Strength for the future.
Location within Marion County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Marion County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 38°21′5″N 97°12′9″W / 38.35139°N 97.20250°W / 38.35139; -97.20250Coordinates: 38°21′5″N 97°12′9″W / 38.35139°N 97.20250°W / 38.35139; -97.20250[1]
Country United States
State Kansas
County Marion
Platted 1879
Incorporated 1884
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Mayor Delores Dalke [2]
 • City Clerk Jan Meisinger [2]
 • City Administrator Larry Paine
Area[3]
 • Total 2.57 sq mi (6.66 km2)
 • Land 2.56 sq mi (6.63 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation [1] 1,430 ft (436 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 2,993
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 2,926
 • Density 1,200/sq mi (450/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67063
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-32275 [1]
GNIS feature ID 0477350 [1]
Website CityOfHillsboro.net

Hillsboro is a city in Marion County, Kansas, United States.[1] Hillsboro was named after John Gillespie Hill, who homesteaded in the area in 1871.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,993.[7] Hillsboro is home of Tabor College, which has approximately 550 students.

History[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Marion County

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

19th century[edit]

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Marion County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Hillsboro.[8]

Hillsboro was named after John Gillespie Hill, who homesteaded in the area in 1871. Originally Hill City was the city name; since another city in Kansas already bore that name, it was changed to Hillsboro on June 20, 1879.[6] A post office was established in Risley on April 10, 1873 then moved to Hillsboro on August 29, 1879.[9]

The Hillsboro area was settled by Russian Mennonites beginning in 1874. These settlers brought with them Turkey Red Hard winter wheat, and related wheat varies are still grown throughout the Great Plains today. Today, the Mennonite Settlement Museum remains to demonstrate the lives of these early settlers.

As early as 1875, city leaders of Marion held a meeting to consider a branch railroad from Florence. In 1878, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and parties from Marion County and McPherson County chartered the Marion and McPherson Railway Company.[10] In 1879, a branch line was built from Florence to McPherson, in 1880 it was extended to Lyons, in 1881 it was extended to Ellinwood.[11] The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to Marion, was abandoned in 1968.[12] In 1992, the line from Marion to McPherson was sold to Central Kansas Railway. In 1993, after heavy flood damage, the line from Marion through Hillsboro to McPherson was abandoned and removed. The original branch line connected Florence, Marion, Canada, Hillsboro, Lehigh, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Conway, Windom, Little River, Mitchell, Lyons, Chase, Ellinwood.

20th century[edit]

In 1908, Tabor College was founded by members of the Mennonite Brethren and Krimmer Mennonite Brethren Christian churches.[13]

The National Old Trails Road, also known as the Ocean-to-Ocean Highway, was established in 1912, and was routed through Lehigh, Hillsboro, Marion, Lost Springs.

Geography[edit]

Hillsboro is located at 38°21′5″N 97°12′9″W / 38.35139°N 97.20250°W / 38.35139; -97.20250 (38.351306, -97.202456).[1] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.57 square miles (6.66 km2), of which, 2.56 square miles (6.63 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[3]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hillsboro has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[14]

Area events[edit]

  • Hillsboro Arts & Crafts Fair[15]
  • Hillsboro Farmer's Market[16]
  • Marion County Fair[17]
  • Annual Easter egg hunt [18]

Area attractions[edit]

Hillsboro has two buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

  • W.F. Schaeffler House Museum[19][20] (NRHP), 312 East Grand Ave.[19]
  • Mennonite Settlement Museums,[21] 501 South Ash Street. Main museum on Memorial Drive (1 block west).[22]
    • 1876 P.P. Loewen House[23][24] (NRHP). Previously known as the Pioneer Adobe House. A traditional Russian clay brick house from the Mennonite settlement village of Hoffnungsthal. The last remaining house of its kind in North America.
    • Jacob Friesen Flouring Wind Mill is a detailed replica of the 1876 mill that stood in the Mennonite settlement village of Gnadenau.[25][26]
    • 1886 Kreutziger School No. 97 was in service from 1886 to 1960 approximately 5 miles north of Canada, Kansas.[27][28]
  • Marion Reservoir, north-east of Hillsboro, exits closest to farther from Hillsboro along US-56: French Creek cove (Limestone Road), Hillsboro cove (Nighthawk Road), Overlook and Dam (Old Mill Road), Marion cove and Cottonwood Point cove (Pawnee Road).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 133
1890 555 317.3%
1900 754 35.9%
1910 1,134 50.4%
1920 1,451 28.0%
1930 1,458 0.5%
1940 1,580 8.4%
1950 2,150 36.1%
1960 2,441 13.5%
1970 2,730 11.8%
1980 2,717 −0.5%
1990 2,704 −0.5%
2000 2,854 5.5%
2010 2,993 4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 2,993 people, 1,071 households, and 684 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,169.1 inhabitants per square mile (451.4 /km2). There were 1,193 housing units at an average density of 466.0 per square mile (179.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 1.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.

There were 1,071 households of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.1% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 36.2 years. 19.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 20.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.7% were from 25 to 44; 21.5% were from 45 to 64; and 20.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[29] of 2000, there were 2,854 people, 1,086 households, and 710 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,435.8 people per square mile (553.7/km²). There were 1,209 housing units at an average density of 608.2 per square mile (234.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.48% White, 0.35% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population.

There were 1,086 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.4% under the age of 18, 17.3% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $32,736, and the median income for a family was $42,465. Males had a median income of $31,188 versus $20,134 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,544. About 5.5% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The Hillsboro government consists of a mayor and four council members. The council meets the 1st and 3rd Tuesday of each month at 4PM.[2][30]

  • City Hall, 118 E Grand Ave.

Education[edit]

Wohlgemuth Music Education Center on Tabor College campus, 2007

College[edit]

Tabor College, a private college affiliated with the Mennonite Brethren Church, is located in Hillsboro at 400 South Jefferson Street. In 2009, Tabor College built a new football complex that is shared with Hillsboro High School.[31]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Hillsboro is part of Unified School District 410.[32][33] The high school is a member of T.E.E.N., a shared video teaching network between five area high schools.[34]

Sports[edit]

The Hillsboro High School mascot is a Trojan. All high school athletic and non-athletic competition is overseen by the Kansas State High School Activities Association. For 2010/2011 seasons, the football team competes as Class 3A.[35]

Past Championships:

  • The Hillsboro High School girls basketball team won the 3A Kansas State Basketball tournament in 2007 for the first time since 1996.[citation needed]
  • The Hillsboro High School football team won state in 2002,[citation needed] and went to state in 2006 and through the Semi-Finals.[citation needed]
  • The Hillsboro High School track teams have won several state titles in both the girl's and boy's divisions.[citation needed]
  • From 2004 to 2007, the girls track team won the State title twice in 2005 and 2007, and finished second in 2004 and 2006.[citation needed]
  • In 2005, Track Coach Dennis Boldt was named NFCA National Boys Track and Field Coach of the Year for his accomplishments with the team in the '03-'04 season.[citation needed]

Private Schools[edit]

  • Hope Valley Christian School, Private Grade School, 1808 Holly Rd, approximately 0.5 mile southwest of Hillsboro.

Library[edit]

Each USD 410 school has a library for student access.

Students of Tabor College have access to the Tabor College Library at 400 South Jefferson Street.

The city is served by the Hillsboro Public Library at 120 East Grand Avenue. The library is a member of the North Central Kansas Libraries System, which provides an inter-library book loan service between its members.

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

The community is served by two weekly newspapers, the Hillsboro Free Press.[36] and the Hillsboro Star-Journal.[37]

The Star-Journal is Hillsboro's oldest publication and the city's official newspaper, with the city's largest paid circulation. The Free Press is distributed free by carrier to residences in the city. Online, both Quantcast and Compete rate the Star-Journal website as the second most popular in the county and the Free Press as the fourth. URLMetric ranks the Star-Journal second and the Free Press third.

The Wichita Eagle in Wichita delivers to Marion County on Sundays and Thanksgiving. The Salina Journal from Salina offers daily delivery yeararound.

Radio[edit]

Hillsboro is served by numerous radio stations of the Wichita-Hutchinson listening market area,[38] and satellite radio. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Television[edit]

Hillsboro is served by over-the-air ATSC digital TV of the Wichita-Hutchinson viewing market area,[39] cable TV, and satellite TV. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

US-56 highway runs east-west along the north side of the city, and K-15 highway is 0.5 miles (0.80 km) northwest of the city.

Alfred Schroeder Field airport, FAA:M66,[40] is located immediately adjacent to the west of the fair grounds and centered at 38°20′35″N 97°12′51″W / 38.34300°N 97.21416°W / 38.34300; -97.21416.[41]

Utilities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hillsboro, City on the Prairie; Raymond F Wiebe, Multi Business Press; 1985.
  • The Centennial Celebration of Hillsboro - May 18–27, 1984; Hillsboro Centennial Committee; Baker Brothers Printing; May 1984.
  • Hillsboro Diamond Jubilee. Glimpses of Our Heritage, June 8–10, 1959; 1959.
  • A Guide to Hillsboro, Kansas; Mennonite Brethren Publishing House; 1940.
  • Sixtieth Anniversary of the Johannestal Mennonite Church, 1882-1942, Johannestal Mennonite Church; 1942.
  • The Story of Gnadenau and Its First Elder, Marion County Kansas, David V Wiebe; Mennonite Brethren Publishing House; 1967.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Hillsboro, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
  2. ^ a b c Hillsboro - Directory of Public Officials
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  6. ^ a b Hillsboro Kansas, The City on the Prairie; Wiebe, Raymond F; 1985.
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  8. ^ The History of Marion County and Courthouse
  9. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  10. ^ Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
  11. ^ Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Railroad Commissioners for the Year Ending December 1, 1886 in State of Kansas; Kansas Publishing House; 1886.
  12. ^ Railway Abandonment 1968
  13. ^ "History". Tabor College. Retrieved 2010-12-25. 
  14. ^ Climate Summary for Hillsboro, Kansas
  15. ^ Hillsboro Arts & Crafts Fair
  16. ^ Hillsboro Farmer's Market
  17. ^ Marion County Fair
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ a b W.F. Schaeffler House Museum
  20. ^ National Register of Historic Places - W.F. Schaeffler House
  21. ^ Mennonite Settlement Museums
  22. ^ Mennonite Settlement Museum
  23. ^ 1876 P.P. Loewen House
  24. ^ National Register of Historic Places - P.P. Loewen House
  25. ^ Jacob Friesen Flouring Wind Mill
  26. ^ Repairs begin on Friesen Mill in Hillsboro; Hillsboro Free Press; June 3, 2014.
  27. ^ 1886 Kreutziger School
  28. ^ Marion County Schools; Genealogy Trails.
  29. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  30. ^ Hillsboro - City Council Members
  31. ^ Tabor College and USD 410 Break Ground for New Athletics Facility; tabor.edu; November 17, 2008.
  32. ^ USD 410
  33. ^ Kansas School District Boundary Map
  34. ^ T.E.E.N. video teaching network
  35. ^ KSHSAA Football Class Size Assignments
  36. ^ Hillsboro Free Press
  37. ^ Hillsboro Star-Journal
  38. ^ Wichita-Hutchinson Radio market.
  39. ^ Wichita-Hutchinson TV market.
  40. ^ Alfred Schroeder Field map
  41. ^ Alfred Schroeder Field information
  42. ^ a b c Kansas Legislators Past & Present

External links[edit]

City
Newspapers
Schools
Historical
Maps