Himadri Station

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Himadri
Research Station
Himadri is located in Arctic
Himadri
Himadri
Coordinates: 78°55′N 11°56′E / 78.917°N 11.933°E / 78.917; 11.933Coordinates: 78°55′N 11°56′E / 78.917°N 11.933°E / 78.917; 11.933
Country  India
Named for Himadri Range of Himalayas
Government
 • Type Polar Research Organisation
 • Body National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research

Himadri Station is India's first Arctic research station[1] located at Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Norway. It is located at the International Arctic Research base, Ny-Ålesund. It was inaugurated on the 1st of July, 2008 by the Minister of Earth Sciences.[2] It was set up during India's second Arctic expedition in June 2008.[3] It is located at a distance of 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) from the North Pole.[4]

Research Goals[edit]

The Himadri's functions include analysis of the surface water, and atmospheric research.[5] The primary goals of India's research includes research on aerosol radiation, space weather, microbial communities, glaciers, sedimentology, and carbon recycling.[6] The research base has devoted time for the research of governance and policy of the Arctic. India has prioritised research and study in the fields of genetics, glaciology, geology, pollution in the atmosphere, and space weather among other fields.[7]

In 2012-2013, a total of 25 scientists visited the base which was staffed for 185 days to carry out studies under ten distinct projects.[8]

Strategic Interests[edit]

The United States Geological Survey estimates that 22 percent of the world's oil and natural gas could be located beneath the Arctic.[9] India's ONGC Videsh is reported to be interested in joint venture with Russia for oil exploration[10] and has reportedly requested Rosneft for stake in a project.[11] In addition, using Arctic sea lanes for shipping would reduce voyage times by 40% compared to Indian, Pacific or Atlantic ocean routes.[10] On May 15, 2013, India was made a permanent observer at the Arctic Council.[12]

India is the 11th country after Britain, Germany, France, Italy, China, Japan, South Korea, The Netherlands, Sweden and Norway to set up a permanent research station in Ny-Ålesund.[13]

Description[edit]

The station was set up in a refurbished two floored building with four bedrooms. The building has an area of 220 m2 (2,400 sq ft)[14] and has other facilities including a computer room, store room, drawing room and internet. It can host 8 scientists at normal conditions.[13] The crew of the station are given training in shooting with rifles to protect themselves from polar bears.[13]

New research station in Arctic IndARC[edit]

Established in August 2014. Designed and developed by scientists from the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR) and National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), the observatory has been deployed in the Kongsfjorden fjord of the Arctic, roughly halfway between Norway and the North Pole.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ P, Sunderarajan (2 July 2008). "New Indian research station at the Arctic". The Hindu. New Delhi. Retrieved 2014-04-29. 
  2. ^ "Research Base "Himadri"". Ministry of Earth Sciences. Press Information Bureau. 5 May 2010. Retrieved Apr 29, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Annual Report 2009-2010". Ministry of Earth Sciences (PDF). Department of Ocean Development. 2009 [2009]. Retrieved Apr 14, 2014. 
  4. ^ Jacob, Jayanth (10 June 2013). "India gives leg-up to Arctic research". New Delhi. The Hindustan Times. Retrieved Apr 29, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Annual Report 2010-2011". Ministry of Earth Sciences (PDF). Department of Ocean Development. 2010 [2010]. Retrieved Apr 14, 2014. 
  6. ^ Jon Børre Ørbæk (17–18 September 2013). "Svalbard Integrated Earth Observing System (SIOS) opportunities for pan-Arctic Observations and Collaboration". Research Council Norway. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  7. ^ Stensdal, Iselin (2013). "Asian Arctic Research 2005-2012:" (PDF). Fridtjof Nansen Institute. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  8. ^ "The French-German Arctic Research Base AWIPEV winter 2012/ 13" (PDF). NySMAC. April 2013. p. 38. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Strategic Importance of the Arctic in U.S. Policy". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Devirupa Mitra (2 October 2012). "Taking cue from China, India eyeing Arctic region". New Indian Express. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  11. ^ Kabir Taneja (15 June 2013). "India pushes for visibility in Arctic". The Sunday Guardian. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  12. ^ Meena Menon, Sandeep Dikshit (15 May 2013). "India gets observer status in Arctic Council". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c P. Sunderarajan (July 2, 2008). "New Indian research station at the Arctic". The Hindu. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "Ny Alesund Science Plan". National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR). Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  15. ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/India-Deploys-First-Ocean-Moored-Observatory-in-Arctic/2014/08/03/article2362075.ece

External links[edit]