Himamaylan

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Himamaylan
Component city
Official seal of Himamaylan
Seal
Motto: Onward To More Progress
Map of Negros Occidental with Himamaylan highlighted
Map of Negros Occidental with Himamaylan highlighted
Himamaylan is located in Philippines
Himamaylan
Himamaylan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°06′N 122°52′E / 10.100°N 122.867°E / 10.100; 122.867Coordinates: 10°06′N 122°52′E / 10.100°N 122.867°E / 10.100; 122.867
Country  Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Province Negros Occidental
District 5th district of Negros Occidental
Founded 1575
Cityhood March 5, 2001
Barangays 19
Government[1]
 • Mayor Agustin Ernesto G. Bascon
 • Vice Mayor Carminia G. Bascon
Area[2]
 • Total 367.04 km2 (141.71 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 103,006
 • Density 280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 6108
Dialing code 034
Income class 3rd class city; partially urban
Website himamaylancity.gov.ph

Himamaylan is a third class city in the province of Negros Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 103,006 people.[3] Himamaylan is 83 kilometres (52 mi) south of Bacolod City, the provincial capital. Due to its coastal location, it is a rich source of fish, oysters and mussels.

Himamaylan became a city on March 5, 2001, through a proclamation by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo under Republic Act No. 9028. It is the only city in the 5th District of Negros Occidental.

Etymology[edit]

The term "Himamaylan" is a portmanteau of the Hiligaynon words hima and babaylan. It is alleged that the settlement's early Malay inhabitants suffered from a foot malady called hima, and their employment of witch doctors called babaylan caused the Spanish occupiers to call them Himamaylan.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Himamaylan is located at the center-most cove on the coastline of Negros Island. Himamaylan has a natural harbor characterized by deep water favorable to access by marine vessels.

Located in the center of Negros island, with Negros central to Luzon, the Visayas and Mindanao, the city is conducive to operations reaching all parts of the country and the rest of the world from a strategic point. Most portions of the city are plains and generally have fertile soil, conducive for agriculture. The city's rivers are 12 feet or deeper, providing drainage for farmland.

Barangays[edit]

Himamaylan City is politically subdivided into 19 barangays.[2]

  • Aguisan
  • Buenavista
  • Cabadiangan
  • Cabanbanan
  • Carabalan
  • Caradio-an
  • Libacao
  • Mambagaton
  • Nabali-an
  • Mahalang
  • San Antonio
  • Sara-et
  • Su-ay
  • Talaban
  • To-oy
  • Barangay I (Poblacion)
  • Barangay II (Poblacion)
  • Barangay III (Poblacion)
  • Barangay IV (Poblacion)

History[edit]

In 1795, Himamaylan became the capital of Negros.[6] At that time, the city served as a garrison for occupying Spanish forces. Today, the old Spanish-built fort constructed as a lookout point for frequent Muslim raids is one of the historical attractions found in the city.[4] In the middle part of 1565, the Spaniards came and subjugated Himamaylan. They introduced Encomienda System by which a piece of land including its products and other resources, and its inhabitants were granted to members of the conquering force as their puppets. The first Spanish priest, constructed a makeshift church and gathered the native which they later called “Himaya”, a thanksgiving for driving the “Hima” away. Himaya was also a place for spiritual paradise to the Babaylan. They later called “Himaya” as Himamaya-an or Himamaylan, but because of the tongue twisting sound of its syllables which the priest find difficulty in pronouncing, they changed the word to Himamaylan to suit their diction. The name Himamaylan was adopted officially when the place was founded into a township or pueblo. Thus, the town got its name both from historical and dialectical origin.

Himamaylan was founded in the 18th century. Although there was no definite record found, it became the second capital of Negros Island from 1795-1849; first being Municipality of Ilog. The town’s historical landmark, the Spanish Kota (Fortress) was the seat of the Old Spanish Government. It was also the place where many natives were cured of their sickness and consequently converted to Christianity.

Himamaylan’s historical records showed that in 1565 when the Spaniards came, there spur a quantum jump in the people’s religious life. From a pagan life, fresh arterial blood pumped into the multiplying discipline. In a span of only a few years after Spanish Colonization, embracing the Catholic Faith, the dame dramatic transformation continued to happen that even intellectuals of today is mystified in their own findings and misbelief that they were naturally drawn to the faith.

On November 4, 1898, the revolutionary forces in Himamaylan received orders from Gen. Juan Araneta to dislodge the Spanish Soldiers stationed in the town on November 5, and the rest of the towns in Negros. Due to lack of weapons they were not able to carry out the order and it was only on 8 November 1898 when the Deputy Commander for Southern Negros in the person of Gen. Rafael Ramos showed the Spanish Corporal a copy of the Act of Capitulation, that the Spanish Soldiers surrendered, thus, making Himamaylan as the last town to have been liberated from the Spanish Government.

When the Americans came on December 28, 1898, they easily capitulated the island of Negros from the Spanish Colonizers, thereby establishing the American Rule in the whole island.

In the year 1942, after the fall of Bataan and Corregidor to the Japanese forces, three days after Negros Occidental also fall, thus, the Japanese Military Government was established in the whole province.

In year 19998 brought good luck and hope to all Himamaylanon as he successfully steer the Municipality into becoming a first City in the 5th district with the approval (98%)of the people in a plebiscite held 31 March 2001. On the 5 March 2001 at 10:00 A.M., the Republic Act No. 9028, “An Act Converting the Municipality of Himamaylan, Province of Negros Occidental into a component City of Himamaylan”, was signed in a ceremony at the Heroes Hall of Malacañang Palace. [7]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Himamaylan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 81,014 —    
1995 83,268 +0.52%
2000 88,684 +1.36%
2007 102,014 +1.95%
2010 103,006 +0.35%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][8]

Economy[edit]

The city's main sources of livelihood include fishery, sugar production, rice production, mango cultivation, and ethanol exports.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Negros Occidental". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Negros Occidental, Himamaylan City". Archived from the original on 2008-06-12. Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  5. ^ a b "About Himamaylan City". Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  6. ^ "Inside Negros: Himamaylan City". Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  7. ^ http://www.himamaylancity.gov.ph/about/history/
  8. ^ "Province of Negros Occidental". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 

External links[edit]