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Himantura uarnak egypt.jpg
Reticulate whipray (H. uarnak)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Order: Myliobatiformes
Family: Dasyatidae
Genus: Himantura
J. P. Müller & Henle, 1837
Type species
Raja uarnak
J. F. Gmelin, 1789

Himantura is a genus of stingray in the family Dasyatidae, commonly known as the whiprays. They are distinguished from other stingrays by a long, slender tail without tail folds. Himantura species are very morphologically diverse and the genus may be polyphyletic. Most species are found in the western Pacific and the Indian Ocean.[1]


There are currently 28 recognized species in this genus:[2][3][4]


  1. ^ Compagno, L.J.V. and Roberts, T.R. (1982). "Freshwater stingrays (Dasyatidae) of Southeast Asia and New Guinea, with description of a new species of Himantura and reports of unidentified species". Environmental Biology of Fishes 7 (4): 321–339. doi:10.1007/BF00005567. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Himantura in FishBase. April 2013 version.
  3. ^ a b Borsa, P., Durand, J.-D., Shen, K. N., Arlyza, I. S., Solihin, D. D. & Berrebi, P. (2013): Himantura tutul sp. nov. (Myliobatoidei: Dasyatidae), a new ocellated whipray from the tropical Indo-West Pacific, described from its cytochrome-oxidase I gene sequence. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 336: 82–92.
  4. ^ a b Last, P.R. & White, W.T. (2013): Two new stingrays (Chondrichthyes: Dasyatidae) from the eastern Indonesian Archipelago. Zootaxa, 3722 (1): 1–21.
  5. ^ Last, P.R., Manjaji-Matsumoto, B.M. & Moore, A.B.M. (2012): Himantura randalli sp. nov., a new whipray (Myliobatoidea: Dasyatidae) from the Persian Gulf. Zootaxa, 3327: 20–32.