Himatnagar

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Himatnagar
હિંમતનગર
Himmatnagar
City
Himatnagar Public Library and Clocktower at night of Swarnim Gujarat Event
Himatnagar Public Library and Clocktower at night of Swarnim Gujarat Event
Himatnagar is located in Gujarat
Himatnagar
Himatnagar
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 23°36′N 72°57′E / 23.6°N 72.95°E / 23.6; 72.95Coordinates: 23°36′N 72°57′E / 23.6°N 72.95°E / 23.6; 72.95
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Sabarkantha
Established 1426
Founded by Sultan Ahmed Shah-I
Government
 • Body Himatnagar Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Mr. Shankarbhai Kahar
Elevation 127 m (417 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 325,669[1]
Languages
 • Spoken Gujarati, Hindi and English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 383001
Telephone code +912772
Vehicle registration GJ-9
Website http://himatnagarnagarpalika.org/

Himatnagar or Himmatnagar (હિંમતનગર) is a town having a municipality in Sabarkantha district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is the administrative headquarters of the district. The name literally means the "Town of Courage". The town is on the bank of the River Hathmati.

Himatnagar was named after the King Himmat Singh. Motipura, Mehtapura, Mahavirnagar, Pologround are major areas. Pologround and Mahavirnagar is a posh area and the heart of the town. Himatnagar is also famous for one of the Asia's best horse training centres, as well as some Historical places of North Gujarat.[citation needed]

Himmatnagar bus station at night

Himatnagar has a small Railway Station (Meter gauge line)[2] and a GSRTC Bus Depot.[3] Himatnagar is connected with National Highway No.8 (Mumbai to Delhi).[2]

History[edit]

Himatnagar was founded in 1426 by Sultan Ahmed-I (1411–1443 A.D.)and named Ahmednagar after the founder. In 1848 this town was given back to the king of the Idar state and in 1912 the town was named Ahmdnagar to Himatnagar after prince Himmat Singh in year 1911 by Sir Pratap Singh, the Maharaja of Idar. After 1947 to 1956 part of Bombay state, Idar district; Himatnagar was the largest city and the administrative headquarters of the Dungarpur district, Rajasthan from 1956 to 1960. Since 1961, Himatnagar is part of Sabarkantha district, Gujarat state.

Culture[edit]

Himatnagar is known for its unique tasting Daal Baati and Panipuri. Basic meal served in Himatnagar is Gujarati thali, consisting dal, rice or bhat, rotli and shaak (cooked vegetables and curry) with accompaniments of pickles and roasted papads. Baverages, such as buttermilk and sweet dishes include laddoo, doodhpak and vedhmi. Most restaurants serve a wide array of Indian and International food. Strong tradition of vegetarianism is maintained by town's Jain and Hindu communities because of religious beliefs. Therefore, most restaurants serve only vegetarian food.

Wide range of festivals are celebrated in the town. Such as, Kite festival, popularly known as Uttarayan on 14th and 15th of January. Navratri with people performing Garba, the most popular folk dance of Gujarat. The festival of lights, Deepavali or Diwali, celebrated with the lighting of lamps in every house, decorating the floors with Rangoli, and the lighting of firecrackers. And other religious festivas such as Holi, Ganesh Chaturthi, Eid ul-Fitr are also celebrated. Swaminarayan temple is constructed on the national highway enriched with architectural values.

Beautiful architecture of Maharaja Himmat Singh Fort, located on the banks of river Hathmati and Dawlat Vilas Palace in Mahavirnagar area. Himatnagar is also home to many religious places including Vaktapur Hanuman Temple, Jain Temple (02772-283176), Sai Temple, Jalaram Temple, Panchdev Temple, Mahakali Temple, Shri PranNathji Temple, Harshhidhmata Temple, Swaminaryan Temple, Ganpathi Temple, Gayatri Temple, Bholeswar Temple, several Jaina Temples and Juma Mosque and several others. Municipal corporation serves two town halls, Sahkar Hall situated at railway crossing in Mahavirnagar and new town hall situated near Post Offic. A newly opened amusement park is located on by pass link from Motiputa cross road to Vijapur highway.

Economy[edit]

Himatnagar is a central site for the ceramic industry of the state, and is home to several manufacturing units such as Asian Tiles, Regent Tiles and Graneto. The town has also been home to major companies in the scale industries since 1960.

The agglomeration of medical professionals and services close to the central bus station is famous as “Arogya Nagar” which is one of the major medical facilities of Himatnagar.

On the outskirts of Himatnagar lies the co-operative dairy factory Sabar Dairy[4] which produces Pasteurized Milk, srikhand, yogurt, paneer, butter, buttermilk along with other dairy based products for National Dairy Development Board Amul. The suppliers include local dairy farmers from Himatnagar and surrounding 164 villages.

Himmatnagar got face lift for cannal front project in tenure of MoS Shri Praffulbhai Patel, who was elected in year 2007 and served up to 2012.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[5] Himatnagar had a population of 60634. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Himatnagar has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 72%. In Himatnagar, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Himmatnagar
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
72%
Muslims
  
24%
Jains
  
3.4%
Others†
  
0.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Education[edit]

Himatnagar has a presence of many major Educational Institutes such as Growmore, St. Xavier's School MountCarmel. It has many others specialising in such areas as IT, Engineering, Pharma, Science, Art and Commerce. Examples include the Agricultural Produce Market Committee College of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Engineering collage. Himatnagar also has Kendriya Vidyalaya - a study place for government employees having transferable job.

There are many primary and Higher Secondary schools such as Jain Acharya Ananddhan suri Vidhyalaya, Madresa High School, and Himmat High school,Himmat High school no - 2, My own High School ,Modern Higher Secondary School and The Vidhyanagari.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.geohive.com/cntry/in-24.aspx
  2. ^ a b http://agmarknet.nic.in/profile/profile_online/displayformdetails.asp?mkt=469
  3. ^ http://www.gujaratsrtc.com/divisions.asp
  4. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/sabar-dairy-chalks-out-rs-150-cr-spread/317992/
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.