Himeji Station

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This article is about the West Japan Railway Company (JR West) station. For the Sanyo Electric Railway station, see Sanyo Himeji Station.
Himeji Station
姫路駅
Himeji Station Northside entrance.jpg
North side of the station
Location
Prefecture Hyōgo
(See other stations in Hyōgo)
City Himeji
Neighborhood etc. 188, Ekimaecho
Coordinates 34°49′39.5″N 134°41′27.06″E / 34.827639°N 134.6908500°E / 34.827639; 134.6908500Coordinates: 34°49′39.5″N 134°41′27.06″E / 34.827639°N 134.6908500°E / 34.827639; 134.6908500
Postal code 670-0927
(in Japanese) 兵庫県姫路市駅前町188
History
Year opened 1888
Rail services
Operator(s) West Japan Railway Company
Line(s) Sanyo Shinkansen
Sanyō Main Line (JR Kobe Line)
Bantan Line
Kishin Line

Himeji Station (姫路駅 Himeji Eki?) on the West Japan Railway Company (JR West) is located in the heart of Himeji, Japan. Himeji is a major stop on the Sanyō Main Line, and the western end of the JR Kobe Line. The station serves as a connection point between the main line and the Sanyō Shinkansen, the Kishin Line and the Bantan Line.

The station building is located close to the Sanyo Electric Railway Himeji Station and Himeji Castle.

Platforms[edit]

The preparation for elevation of the conventional lines has been undertaken since 1989, and begun in earnest in 1994 after the relocation of Himeji's freight terminal and train yards. On March 26, 2006, platforms for the JR Kobe Line and Sanyo Main Line switched to the elevated railway, while the remainder of the platforms, for the Bantan and Kishin Lines, were elevated beginning on December 22, 2008. Removal of ground platforms and the remainder of reconstruction work is planned to conclude in 2010.

Platforms
Conventional railway platforms
1, 2 Bantan Line for Teramae, Wadayama
2 Limited Express Hamakaze for Ōsaka (JR Kobe Line)
3, 4 Kishin Line for Harima-Shingū, Sayo
5, 6 JR Kobe Line (Sanyō Main Line) (eastbound) for Kakogawa, Sannomiya, Ōsaka
5 Limited Express Super Hakuto (eastbound) for Osaka
Overnight limited express Sunrise Izumo/Sunrise Seto for Shizuoka, Yokohama, Tokyo
7, 8 Sanyō Main Line (westbound) for Aioi, Banshu-Ako, Kamigori, Okayama
Limited Express Super Hakuto (westbound) for Tottori via the Chizu Express Line
7 Limited Express Hamakaze for Kinosaki Onsen via the Bantan Line
8 Overnight limited express Sunrise Izumo/Sunrise Seto for Takamatsu, Yonago, Matsue, Izumoshi
(no platform) Freight trains (JR Freight, westbound)  
Shinkansen platforms
11 Sanyo Shinkansen (eastbound) for Shin-Ōsaka, Tokyo
12, 13 Sanyo Shinkansen (westbound) for Okayama, Kagoshima-Chūō
Sanyo Shinkansen (eastbound) starting for Shin-Ōsaka, Tokyo

History[edit]

Himeji Station was opened by Sanyo Railway, the present day Sanyō Main Line, in 1888. At the time, railway stations were usually built either outside or alongside urban areas,[1] but Himeji Station was built bordering the old city walls, at the end of the main street (Ootemae-dori). The current Sanyo Railway Station is actually constructed on top of part of the old city wall.[2] It is thought that the reason was that the army was based in Himeji Castle. This proximity to the city helped to contribute to urban development.[3]

Himeji Station was linked to Bantan Railway (播但鉄道 Bantan Tetsudō?), the present day Bantan Line, in 1894. Kishin Line was linked to the station in 1930.

The station was expanded with the opening of the Sanyō Shinkansen in 1972, and today, travel to Tokyo takes less than three-and-a-half hours.

  • December 23, 1888 The Sanyō Railway segment between Akashi Station and Himeji Station opens.
  • July 26, 1894 The Bantan Railway segment between Himeji Station and Teramae Station opens.
  • June 1, 1903 Sanyō Railway purchases Bantan Railway.
  • December 1, 1906 Sanyō Railway is nationalized.
  • September 1, 1930 Kishin Line is connected.
  • March 15, 1972 The Sanyō Shinkansen segment between Okayama and Shin-Ōsaka opens.
  • April 1, 1987 Japan National Railway is divided and privatized. The line is taken over by the West Japan Railway Company.
  • January 17, 1995 There was a blockage of the segment of the Sanyō Shinkansen between Shin-Ōsaka and Himeji, caused by the Great Hanshin earthquake.
  • April 8, 1995 The blocked section reopens.
  • October 1, 2003 Nozomi service is added to the schedule.

Adjacent stations[edit]

« Service »
West Japan Railway (JR West)
Sanyo Shinkansen
Nishi-Akashi - Aioi
Sanyo Main Line, JR Kobe Line
Gochaku   Local (Rapid Service)   Agaho
Kakogawa   Special Rapid Service   Agaho
Bantan Line
Terminus   Local   Kyoguchi
Kishin Line
Terminus   -   Harima-Takaoka

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A comparative study of the relation between the elevated railroad project and urban area development in western-part-of-Japan (Kochi University of Technorogy Library)" (PDF(Japanese)). Retrieved February 22, 2007. [dead link][broken citation]
  2. ^ "Outline of Himeji castle" (in Japanese). Himeji Information Web site. Retrieved February 22, 2007. 
  3. ^ "Master plan of Himeji city" (in Japanese). Himeji city office. Archived from the original on February 8, 2007. Retrieved February 22, 2007.