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Hindi media refers to media in Hindi language and its dialects, across the Hindi belt in India, and elsewhere with Hindi-speaking Indian diaspora. First Hindi-language newspaper published in India, Udant Martand (The Rising Sun), started on 30 May 1826. This day is celebrated as the "Hindi Journalism Day", or Hindi Patrakarita Diwas as it marked the beginning to journalism in Hindi language.
India has a long history of printing. India's first printing press was set up as early as in 1674 in Mumbai (Bombay). Calcutta General Advertiser, the first newspaper of India (also known as the Hicky's Bengal Gazette) started in January 1780, and the first Hindi daily, Samachar Sudha Varshan, started in 1854 - three years before the first freedom struggle of India in 1857.
On 30 May 1826 Udant Martand (The Rising Sun), the first Hindi-language newspaper published in India, started from Calcutta (now Kolkata), published every Tuesday by Pt. Jugal Kishore Shukla. Hindi news media has its dominant presence in a large part of the country. Being a multi-lingual country, the Hindi-belt in India is considered to be a group of states which are predominantly Hindi-speaking. A common understanding of the Hindi belt includes states of Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and the union territory of Chandigarh.
Hindi media today
Currently India publishes about 1,000 Hindi Dailies that have a total circulation of about 80 million copies. English, the second language in terms of number of daily newspapers, has about 250 dailies with a circulation of about 40 million copies. The prominent Hindi newspapers are Dainik Jagran, Dainik Bhaskar, Amar Ujala, Navbharat Times, Hindustan Dainik, Rajasthan Patrika, Nai Dunia, [Madadgar.in] etc.
In terms of readership, Dainik Jagran is the most popular Hindi daily with a total readership (TR) of 54,583,000, according to IRS Round One 2009. Dainik Bhaskar is the second most popular with a total readership of 33,500,000. Amar Ujala with TR of 28,674,000, Hindustan Dainik with TR of 26,769,000 and Rajasthan Patrika with a TR of 14,051,000 are placed at the next three positions. The total readership of Top 10 Hindi dailies is estimated at 188.68 million, nearly five times of Top 10 English dailies that have 38.76 million total readership.
Hindi News Channels
Prominent Hindi television news channels include Aaj Tak, ABP News, Zee News, and NDTV India. The most popular Hindi news websites are primarily the online versions of the Hindi newspapers and news channels. Webdunia.com, one of the largest web portals, is also a venture of the newspaper Nai Dunia. However, Madadgar has created a distinct identity of its own. Incidentally, Nai Dunia claims to be the first Hindi newspaper on the Internet.
- Hena Naqvi (2007). Journalism And Mass Communication. Upkar Prakashan. pp. 42–. ISBN 978-81-7482-108-9.
- Chatterjee, Mrinal. "History of Hindi Journalism". Press Institute of India. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- S. B. Bhattacherjee (2009). Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. pp. A119. ISBN 978-81-207-4074-7.
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