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For town in India, see Hindol, Odisha.
For former princely state, see Hindol State.
Illustration of Todi Ragini, Second Wife of Hindol Raga, Folio from a Ragamala.

Hindol is a Hindustani classical raga.


The raga emerges from Kalyan thaat. It is an ancient raga associated with the spring season.

Technical description[edit]

Although a Hindustani classical raga is supposed to have at least five notes in both arohana (ascent) and avarohana (descent), Hindol is an exception. It has only four notes in the arohana, and five in the avarohana. Re and Pa are excluded completely. The only Teevra note used is Ma (henceforth represented by Ma#). All other swaras are shuddha.

Arohana: Sa Ga Ma# Dha Sa.

Avarohana: Sa Ni Dha Ma# Ga Sa.

Pakad: Sa Ga Ma# Dha, Sa Sa Dha Sa Dha Ma# Dha.

The vadi swara is Dha, and the samvadi is Ga.

Samai (Time)[edit]

The raga is to be sung during late night.

Further Information[edit]

The raga has Teevra Madhyam at its heart, and revolves around that note, resting on Dha or Ga. A prominent movement in Hindol is the gamak, heavy and forceful oscillations particularly using Ma# and Dha. The Ni in the avarohana is very weak, and in most compositions it is used obliquely or often entirely avoided. Mostly pure classical genre of music like Khayals or Dhamars are composed in this raga.

External links[edit]