Hindu Temple Society of North America

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hindu Temple Society of North America, Flushing, Queens

Hindu Temple Society of North America (Sri Maha Vallabha Ganapati Devasthanam Sanskrit: श्री महावल्लभ गणपति देवस्थानम्) at 45-57 Bowne Street, Flushing, Queens, New York, was the very first of the traditional Hindu temples in the USA.[1][2] The designation North America in the name was chosen because there were no other Hindu temples in North America from which it needed to distinguish itself.

It is popularly referred to as the Ganesh Temple, Flushing since the main deity is Lord Ganesh. While there are now several Hindu temples in New York City area, this is still the most prominent one. The temple architecture and the rituals follow the South Indian tradition.

The temple is visited not only by the Hindus but also those who wish to explore religious diversity in Queens.[3] The very first Jain Temple in USA Jain Center of America is also located in Queens.

The temple has a vegetarian restaurant termed the Temple Canteen in the basement[4] which is popular for its simple South Indian cuisine and for the temple experience.

History[edit]

The Hindu Temple Society of North America was incorporated on January 26, 1970. It acquired from the Russian Orthodox Church a site on which the present Temple is situated. The present structure, designed in accordance with the Agama Sastras (scriptures relating to temple building), was completed in 1977, and the Temple was consecrated on July 4 of the same year. Sri La Sri Padrimalai Swamigal, from Madras, had prepared twenty-six yantras for the temple and done pujas for them for five years before installing them. It was reconsecrated in 2009.[5]

New York city's Indian population grew from about 6,000 in 1970 to more than 94,000 in 1990. Many of those came as part of the professionals who began arriving from India after American immigration rules were liberalized in 1965.[6] The Ganesh Temple was followed by the Hindu Temple and Cultural Society in Bridgewater, N.J. and Staten Island Hindu Temple.[7]

The temple includes a Pathsala (school) where children learn languages such as Hindi, Tamil, English and Sanskrit as well as Math, Science and Religion. Yoga and Meditation classes also offered. Construction of the Vedanta Library, Senior Citizen Center, and Staff Quarters has also been undertaken.

Architecture[edit]

The temple is constructed using granite. It is entered through a gopuram gateway. The main shrine is dedicated to Lord Ganesha, while other shrines house idols of Lord Balaji, Goddess Mahalakshmi, Lord Hanuman and Sri Nagendra Swamy. Temple includes a dhvajastambha (column) and a rajagopuram (lofty tower). Sthapathi (temple architect) Muthiah had supervised the reconstruction.

Administration[edit]

In India, practically all temples are administered by trusts, which are set in place by the original builder or the original group, whereas in USA many of the churches are congregational.

At Hindu Temple Society of North America, a dispute arose in 2003 regarding the leadership of the temple.[8] The six plaintiffs acknowledged that they have no interest in changing the roles or rituals performed by the temple's 10 priests, (who have not taken sides). But they wanted the leadership to be elected. Dr. Uma Mysorekar, the temple's president, said the We want a system that prevails based on dedication and commitment, not based on popularity,She felt that the current system, in which the temple's unpaid 11-member board manages the temple's affairs and votes on its own members when their terms come up, is democratic enough.[9]

Dr Mysroekar has been awarded the Kannada Rajyotsava Award from Karnataka, Ellis Island Medal of Honor, and the Governor's Award of Excellence.[10] As a representative of Hindus, she had been invited by three Presidents of the United States of America—Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama as well as Pope Benedict.

Miracles[edit]

In September 1995, the Hindu milk miracle was observed at the temple. It was reported that "People held the spoon filled with milk under the trunk, by the mouth, and the milk would be taken up".[11]

Nearby Temples in Flushing[edit]

  • Asamai Hindu Temple, 45-32 Bowne Street: Representing the ancient Afghan Hindu community, honoring Asamai, the city goddess of Kabul
  • BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, 44-38 Bowne Street: The first Swaminarayan sect temple in North America (inaugurated in 1974).
  • Shri Shridi Sai Baba Temple, 46-16 Robinson Street: dedicated to Shirdi Sai Baba, inaugurated April 2010[12]
  • Jain Center of America 4311 Ithaca Street: Shri Mahavir Swami in the Shwetambar tradition, Upashrayain the Sthanakvasi tradition, Sri Adinath in the Digambar tradition and Shrimad Rajchandra Meditation Hall.
  • John Bowne House, 37-01 Bowne Street, house of the Bowne family which contributed to religious freedom in USA in the 17th century.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Famous Hindu chaplain honored at Hindu Sangathan Diwas celebrations in New York, 27 August 2007, http://www.asiantribune.com/node/7144
  2. ^ Vedanta Society in San Francisco (1906) or the Vedanta Center in Boston (1910) are sometimes considered to be the first Hindu temple in USA. However they were not fully consecrated traditional temples
  3. ^ For a Master Class on Global Worship, It’s Destination Queens, DAVID GONZALEZ, July 2, 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/02/nyregion/02citywide.html
  4. ^ http://www.urbanspoon.com/r/3/394082/restaurant/New-York/Ganesh-Temple-Canteen-Flushing
  5. ^ Reconsecration, With Bells, Saffron and Elephant, ANNE BARNARD July 13, 2009, New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/14/nyregion/14temple.html
  6. ^ Indians Balance Changes and Tradition, DAVID GONZALEZ, June 11, 1991 http://www.nytimes.com/1991/06/11/nyregion/indians-balance-changes-and-tradition.html
  7. ^ For Hindus, New Temples Are a Sign of Having Arrived, June 4, 2008, AMANDA M. FAIRBANKS, http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/06/04/for-hindus-new-temples-are-a-sign-of-having-arrived/
  8. ^ A Hindu Temple of Discord; Amid Priests and Chants, a Bitter Campaign for Leadership, ROBERT F. WORTH, December 05, 2003 http://www.nytimes.com/2003/12/05/nyregion/hindu-temple-discord-amid-priests-chants-bitter-campaign-for-leadership.html
  9. ^ A Hindu Temple of Discord; Amid Priests and Chants, a Bitter Campaign for Leadership, ROBERT F. WORTH, December 05, 2003 http://www.nytimes.com/2003/12/05/nyregion/hindu-temple-discord-amid-priests-chants-bitter-campaign-for-leadership.html
  10. ^ Dr Uma Mysorekar: Taking Ganesh Mandir to new heights http://www.nritoday.net/community-news/792-dr-uma-mysorekar-taking-ganesh-mandir-to-new-heights
  11. ^ Miracle Has A Milky Way, DON SINGLETON, September 24, 1995 http://articles.nydailynews.com/1995-09-24/news/17984902_1_hindu-temple-society-statue-milk
  12. ^ Temple Inauguration, SAI SMRITI, Volume 1, Issue 1, April—June 2011, http://dwarakamaishirdi.org/uploads/april%20issue.pdf

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°45′10″N 73°49′01″W / 40.752785°N 73.817059°W / 40.752785; -73.817059