Hinduism by country

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Hinduism by country, worldmap (estimate 2010).[1]

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Hinduism by country

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Hinduism has over 1 billion adherents worldwide (15% of world's population).[1][2] Along with Christianity (31.5%), Islam (23.2%) and Buddhism (7.1%), Hinduism is one of the four major religions of the world by percentage of population.[3]

Most Hindus are found in Asian countries. The countries with more than 500,000 Hindu residents and citizens include (in decreasing order) - India, Nepal, Mauritius, Indonesia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, United States, Malaysia, Myanmar, United Kingdom and South Africa.[1][2]

Background[edit]

Hinduism is a heterogeneous religion and consists of many schools of thought. Hinduism has no traditional ecclesiastical order, no centralized religious authorities, no governing body, no prophet(s) nor any binding holy book; Hindus can choose to be polytheistic, monotheistic, pantheistic, monistic, agnostic, humanist or atheistic.[4] Estimates of Hinduism by country reflects this diversity of thought and way of life.

Demographic estimates[edit]

Demographic estimates of Hindu population by country has been published by the Pew Research Center in 2012,[1] as well as US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report 2006.[5]

By total number, India has the most Hindus. By percentage, Nepal has the largest majority of Hindu population in the world followed by India and Mauritius.[6] There are an estimated 60 to 70 million Hindus who lived outside India in 2010.[2] Only three countries in the world, in 2010, had a majority of its population as Hindus - Nepal, India and Mauritius.[1]

By country[edit]

Sources used for the table below include the U.S. State Department,[5] the CIA World Factbook[7] adherents.com,[8] Pew Research Center.[9][10] and as identified.

Hinduism by country
Region Country Total Population (2011 est) Hindu % of population Hindu total
South Asia Afghanistan 31,889,923


0.4%[11][12] 127,560
Europe Andorra 85,000 0.4%[13] 342
Caribbean Antigua 86,754 0.1%[13] 87
South America Argentina 40,301,927 0.01%[14] 4,030
Oceania Australia 20,434,176 1.28%[15] 276,000
Central Europe Austria 8,199,783 0.1% (approx)[16] 8,200
Middle East Bahrain 708,573 6.25%[17] 44,286
South Asia Bangladesh 150,448,339 9.2%[18] – 12.4%[19][20] 13,841,247 – 18,665,594
Western Europe Belgium 10,392,226 0.06%[21] 6,235
Central America Belize 294,385 2.3%[22] 6,771
South Asia Bhutan 2,327,849 2%[23] – 25%[24][25] 46,557 – 581,962
Southern Africa Botswana 1,815,508 0.17%[26] 3,086
South America Brazil 190,010,647 0.0016%[27] 3,040
Southeast Asia Brunei 374,577 0.035%[28] 131
West Africa Burkina Faso 14,326,203 0.001% 150
Central Africa Burundi 8,390,505 0.1%[29][30] 8,391
Southeast Asia Cambodia 13,995,904 0.3%[31][32] 41,988
North America Canada 33,390,141 1.6%[33][34] 497,200
South America Colombia 44,379,598 0.02%[35] 8,876
East Africa Comoros 711,417 0.1%(approx) 711
Central Africa Congo (Kinshasa) 65,751,512 0.18%[36] 118,353
Balkans Croatia 4,493,312 0.01% (approx)[37] 449
North America Cuba 11,394,043 0.21%[38] 23,927
West Africa Côte d'Ivoire 18,013,409 0.1%[39][40] 18,013
Western Europe Denmark 5,468,120 0.1%[41][42] 5,468
East Africa Djibouti 496,374 0.02%[43] 99
Caribbean Dominica 72,386 0.2%[44] 145
East Africa Eritrea 4,906,585 0.1% (approx)[45] 4,907
Oceania Fiji 918,675 30%[46] – 33%[47][48] 275,603 – 303,163
Western Europe Finland 5,238,460 0.01%[49] 524
Western Europe France 63,718,187 0.1%[50][51] 63,718
Eastern Europe 4,646,003 0.01% (approx)[52] 465
Western Europe Germany 82,400,996 0.119%[53] 98,057
West Africa Ghana 22,931,299 0.05% (approx)[54] 11,466
Caribbean Grenada 89,971 0.7%[55] 630
South America Guyana 769,095 28.3%[56][57] – 33%[58][59][60] 217,654 – 253,801
Central Europe Hungary 9,956,108 0.02% 1,767[61]
South Asia India 1,210,193,422 80.5% (2001 Census)[62][63] 973,750,000[2]
Southeast Asia Indonesia 234,693,997 1.69%[64][65][66] 4,693,880
Middle East Iran 65,397,521 0.02% (approx) 13,079
Western Europe Ireland 4,588,252 0.23%[67] 10,688
Middle East Israel 6,426,679 0.1% (approx)[68] 6,427
Western Europe Italy 60,418,000 0.2% (approx)[69] 108,950
Caribbean Jamaica 2,780,132 0.06%[70] 1,668
East Asia Japan 127,433,494 0.004% (approx) 5,097
East Africa Kenya 36,913,721 1%[71] 369,137
East Asia Korea, South 49,044,790 0.015% (approx) 12,452
Middle East Kuwait 2,505,559 12%[72] 300,667
Eastern Europe Latvia 2,259,810 0.006%[73] 136
Middle East Lebanon 4,925,502 0.1% (approx)[74] 4,926
Southern Africa Lesotho 2,125,262 0.1% (approx)[75][76] 2,125
West Africa Liberia 3,195,931 0.1% (approx)[77] 3,196
North Africa Libya 6,036,914 0.1%[78][79] 6,037
Western Europe Luxembourg 480,222 0.07% (approx)[80] 336
Southern Africa Madagascar 19,448,815 0.1%[81][82] 19,449
Southern Africa Malawi 13,603,181 0.02%[83] – 0.2%[84] 2,721 – 2,726
Southeast Asia Malaysia 28,401,017 7%[85][86] 1,630,000
South Asia Maldives 369,031 0.01%[87] 37
Southern Africa Mauritius 1,250,882 48.5%[88][89] 600,423 – 625,441
Eastern Europe Moldova 4,328,816 0.01% (approx)[90] 433
Southern Africa Mozambique 20,905,585 0.05%[91] – 0.2%[92] 10,453 – 41,811
Southeast Asia Myanmar 47,963,012 1.5%[93] 893,000
South Asia Nepal 28,901,790 81.3%[94][95] 23,294,843 – 23,410,450
Western Europe Netherlands 16,570,613 0.58%[96] – 1.20%[97] 96,110 – 200,000
Oceania New Zealand 4,115,771 1%[98] 41,158
Western Europe Norway 4,627,926 0.5% 23,140
Middle East Oman 3,204,897 3%[99] – 5.7%[100] 96,147 – 182,679
South Asia Pakistan 164,741,924 1.5%[101] – 3.3%[102] 5,900,000 – 9,000,000
Central America Panama 3,242,173 0.3%[103][104] 9,726
Southeast Asia Philippines 98,215,000[105] 2% (approx) 2,000,000
Western Europe Portugal 10,642,836 0.07% 7,396
Caribbean Puerto Rico 3,944,259 0.09%[106] 3,550
Middle East Qatar 907,229 7.2%[107][108] 65,320
East Africa Réunion 827,000 6.7%[109] 55,409
Eastern Europe Russia 141,377,752 0.043%[110][111] 60,792
Middle East Saudi Arabia 27,601,038 0.6%[112] – 1.1%[113] 165,606 – 303,611
East Africa Seychelles 81,895 2% 1,638
West Africa Sierra Leone 6,144,562 0.04%[114] – 0.1%[115] 2,458 – 6,145
Southeast Asia Singapore 4,553,009 5.1%[116][117] 262,120
Central Europe Slovakia 5,447,502 0.1% (approx) 5,448
Central Europe Slovenia 2,009,245 0.025% (approx) 500
Southern Africa South Africa 49,991,300 1.9%[118][119] 959,000
South Asia Sri Lanka 20,926,315 7.1%[120] – 12.1%[121] 1,485,768 – 3,138,947
South America Suriname 470,784 20%[122] – 27.4%[123] 94,157 – 128,995
Southern Africa Swaziland 1,133,066 0.15%[124] – 0.2%[125] 1,700 – 2,266
Western Europe Sweden 9,031,088 0.078% – 0.12%[126] 7,044 – 10,837
Western Europe Switzerland 7,554,661 0.38%[127][128] 28,708
East Africa Tanzania 39,384,223 0.9%[129][130] 354,458
Southeast Asia Thailand 65,068,149 0.1%[131] 2,928
Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago 1,056,608 22.5%[132][133][134] 237,737
East Africa Uganda 30,262,610 0.2%[135] – 0.8%[136] 60,525 – 242,101
Middle East United Arab Emirates 4,444,011 21.25%[137] 944,352
Western Europe United Kingdom 60,776,238 1.7%[138][139] 832,000
North America United States 307,006,550 0.5%[140][141] 1,204,560
Central Asia Uzbekistan 27,780,059 0.01% (approx) 2,778
Southeast Asia Vietnam 85,262,356 0.059%[142] 50,305
Middle East Yemen 22,230,531 0.7%[143] 155,614
Southern Africa Zambia 11,477,447 0.14%[144][145] 16,068
Southern Africa Zimbabwe 12,311,143 1.0%[146] 123,111
Total 7,000,000,000 15.48 1,083,800,358–1,101,518,322

By region[edit]

These percentages were calculated by using the above numbers. The first percentage, 4th column, is the percentage of population that is Hindu in a region (Hindus in the region * 100/total population of the region). The last column shows the Hindu percentage compared to the total Hindu population of the world (Hindus in the region * 100/total Hindu population of the world).

(Note: Egypt, Sudan, and other Arab Maghreb countries are counted as part of North Africa, not Middle East).

Hinduism in Africa
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Central Africa 93,121,055 0 0% 0%
East Africa 193,741,900 667,694 0.345% 0.071%
North Africa 202,151,323 5,765 0.003% 0.001%
Southern Africa 137,092,019 1,269,844 0.926% 0.135%
West Africa 268,997,245 70,402 0.026% 0.007%
Total 885,103,542 2,013,705 0.225% 0.213%
Hinduism in Asia
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Central Asia 92,019,166 149,644 0.163% 0.016%
East Asia 1,527,960,261 130,631 0.009% 0.014%
Middle East 274,775,527 792,872 0.289% 0.084%
South Asia 1,437,326,682 1,006,888,651 70.05% 98.475%
Southeast Asia 571,337,070 6,386,614 1.118% 0.677%
Total 3,903,418,706 1,014,348,412 26.01% 99.266%
Hinduism in Europe
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Balkans 65,407,609 0 0% 0%
Central Europe 74,510,241 163 0% 0%
Eastern Europe 212,821,296 717,101 0.337% 0.076%
Western Europe 375,832,557 1,313,640 0.348% 0.138%
Total 728,571,703 2,030,904 0.278% 0.214%
Hinduism in The Americas
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Caribbean 24,898,266 279,515 1.123% 0.030%
Central America 41,135,205 5,833 0.014% 0.006%
North America 446,088,748 5,806,720 1.3015% 0.191%
South America 371,075,531 389,869 0.105% 0.041%
Total 883,197,750 6,481,937 0.281% 0.263%
Hinduism in Oceania
Region Total Population Hindus  % of Hindus  % of Hindu total
Oceania 30,564,520 411,907 1.348% 0.044%
Total 30,564,520 411,907 1.348% 0.044%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Pew Research Center, Washington DC, Religious Composition by Country (December 2012) (2012)
  2. ^ a b c d Hindu population totals in 2010 by Country Pew Research, Washington DC (2012)
  3. ^ Table: Religious Composition (%) by Country Global Religious Composition, Pew Research Center (2012)
  4. ^ Julius J. Lipner, Hindus: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices, 2nd Edition, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-45677-7, page 8; Quote: “(...) one need not be religious in the minimal sense described to be accepted as a Hindu by Hindus, or describe oneself perfectly validly as Hindu. One may be polytheistic or monotheistic, monistic or pantheistic, even an agnostic, humanist or atheist, and still be considered a Hindu.”; MK Gandhi, The Essence of Hinduism, Editor: VB Kher, Navajivan Publishing, see page 3; According to Gandhi, "a man may not believe in God and still call himself a Hindu."
  5. ^ a b "International Religious Freedom". State.gov. 2009-01-20. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  6. ^ Hindu Demographics
  7. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  8. ^ "Adherents.com". Adherents.com. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  9. ^ http://www.pewforum.org/2012/12/18/global-religious-landscape-hindu/
  10. ^ http://features.pewforum.org/grl/population-number.php?sort=numberHindu
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ "Religious Freedom Page". Religiousfreedom.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  13. ^ a b "Religious Freedom Page". Religiousfreedom.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
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  15. ^ "2071.0 - Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013". Abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
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  18. ^ "Bangladesh : AT A GLANCE". Banbeis.gov.bd. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
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  21. ^ "Belgium". State.gov. 2005-10-02. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
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  25. ^ "Bhutan". State.gov. 2010-02-02. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  26. ^ "Botswana". State.gov. 2006-09-15. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  27. ^ "Brazil". State.gov. 2006-09-15. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
  28. ^ "Brunei". State.gov. 2006-09-15. Retrieved 2012-03-05. 
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  33. ^ "Canada". State.gov. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
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  36. ^ [8][dead link]
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  39. ^ [10][dead link]
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  42. ^ "Denmark". State.gov. 2006-09-15. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
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  44. ^ [12][dead link]
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  53. ^ "Germany". State.gov. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  54. ^ "Ghana". State.gov. 2006-09-15. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
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  56. ^ "Guyana". State.gov. 2013-01-23. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
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  63. ^ Indian Census
  64. ^ http://www.depag.go.id/index.php?menu=page&pageid=17
  65. ^ Indonesia
  66. ^ The World Factbook
  67. ^ http://www.rte.ie/news/2012/0329/census2011.pdf
  68. ^ Israel and the Occupied Territories
  69. ^ Italy
  70. ^ Jamaica
  71. ^ Kenya
  72. ^ Kuwait
  73. ^ Latvia
  74. ^ Lebanon
  75. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  76. ^ Lesotho
  77. ^ Liberia
  78. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  79. ^ Libya
  80. ^ http://www.indembassy.be/Bilateral_Lux.asp
  81. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  82. ^ Madagascar
  83. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=142
  84. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  85. ^ The World Factbook
  86. ^ Malaysia
  87. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=46
  88. ^ The World Factbook
  89. ^ "Resident population by religion and sex". Statistics Mauritius. p. 68. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  90. ^ Moldova
  91. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=147
  92. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  93. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=41
  94. ^ The World Factbook, CIA United States (2013)
  95. ^ Nepal US Department of State
  96. ^ Netherlands
  97. ^ van de Donk et al. (2006), p. 91
  98. ^ New Zealand
  99. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=36
  100. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  101. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=35
  102. ^ Pakistan
  103. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=33
  104. ^ Panama
  105. ^ Projected Population as of May 6, 2013, PH: Commission on Population, May 6, 2013 
  106. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=29
  107. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=28
  108. ^ Qatar
  109. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=151
  110. ^ http://www.wwrn.org/article.php?idd=20511&sec=28&cont=5
  111. ^ http://www.defendrussianhindus.org/index.php?fetch=letterToOrthodoxChurch
  112. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=27
  113. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  114. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=156
  115. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  116. ^ The World Factbook
  117. ^ Singapore
  118. ^ South Africa
  119. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=158
  120. ^ The World Factbook
  121. ^ Sri Lanka
  122. ^ Suriname
  123. ^ The World Factbook
  124. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=161
  125. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  126. ^ Sweden
  127. ^ http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/de/index/dienstlei.stungen/publikationen_statistik/publikationskatalog.Document.50514.pdf
  128. ^ Swiss Tamils look to preserve their culture - swissinfo.ch
  129. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=162
  130. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  131. ^ Thailand
  132. ^ The World Factbook
  133. ^ Trinidad and Tobago
  134. ^ Trinidad and Tobago
  135. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=165
  136. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  137. ^ United Arab Emirates
  138. ^ The World Factbook
  139. ^ United Kingdom
  140. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=8
  141. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  142. ^ Vietnam
  143. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  144. ^ http://www.religiousintelligence.co.uk/country/?CountryID=166
  145. ^ Religious Freedom Page
  146. ^ Religious Freedom Page

External links[edit]