Hinduism in Iran

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(ॐ नम- शिवाय ) ॐ शब्द हिन्दू धर्म में और आध्यात्मिक जीवन में और हमारे वेदों में बहु 2014-06-04 23-12.jpg

Hinduism has a marginal presence in Iran, with 68,000 Hindus.[1] This represents slightly under 0.1% of the total Iranian population.

Ancient times[edit]

According to the Indo-Aryan migration theory, the Iranian and Vedic people share a common Indo-European origin, and a common earlier Indo-Iranian religion, which prevailed among the Indo-Iranian tribes long before their migrations in the 2nd millennium BCE.[2] The Indo-Aryans split-off around 1800-1600 BCE from the Iranians,[3] where-after they were defeated and split into two groups by the Iranians,[4] who dominated the Central Eurasian steppe zone[5] and "chased [the Indo-Aryans] to the extremities of Central Eurasia".[5] One group were the Indo-Aryans who founded the Mitanni kingdom in northern Syria;[6] (ca.1500-1300 BCE) the other group were the Vedic people.[7] The two groups were pursued by the Iranians respectively "across the Near East to the Levant (the lands of the eastern Mediterranean littoral), [and] across Iran into India."[8][note 1]

Modern times[edit]

One Hindu temple is found in Bandar Abbas and one in Zahedan, built by Indian merchants in the late 19th century.[9][10]

A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada traveled to Tehran in 1976.[11] Since 1977, ISKCON runs a vegetarian restaurant in Tehran.[12] There is a growing interest in Hinduism of the New-Age guru variety.[13]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Beckwith mentions a possible third group of Indo-Aryan migrants who were moved on by the Iranians: "... and perhaps across Eastern Central Asia into China."[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Potter 2014, p. 279.
  2. ^ Klaus G. Witz (1993), The Supreme Wisdom of the Upaniṣads: An Introduction, Motilall Banarsidass, p.25
  3. ^ Anthony 2007, p. 408.
  4. ^ Beckwith 2009, p. 33 note 20, p.35.
  5. ^ a b Beckwith 2009, p. 33.
  6. ^ Anthony 2007, p. 454.
  7. ^ Beckwith 2009, p. 33 note 20.
  8. ^ a b Beckwith 2009, p. 34.
  9. ^ "The Persian Gulf in History". Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  10. ^ R. Sidda Goud, Manisha Mookherjee. India and Iran in Contemporary Relations. Allied Publishers. p. 46. 
  11. ^ "Swami Prabhupada Founder Of Hare Krishna Movement, And A Virulent Racist, Anti-Semite". 
  12. ^ Ruth A. Tucker (2004). Another Gospel: Cults, Alternative Religions, and the New Age Movement. p. 282. 
  13. ^ "Many hues of a rainbow". The Hindu. 11 June 2006. 

Sources[edit]

  • Anthony, David W. (2007), The Horse The Wheel And Language. How Bronze-Age Riders From the Eurasian Steppes Shaped The Modern World, Princeton University Press 
  • Beckwith, Christopher I. (2009), Empires of the Silk Road, Princeton University Press, ISBN 0691135894 
  • Brown, Robert (1991), Ganesh: Studies of an Asian God, Albany: State University of New York, ISBN 0-7914-0657-1 
  • Potter, Lawrence G. (2014), Sectarian Politics in the Persian Gulf, Oxford university Press 

External links[edit]