Hinduism in South Africa

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Hinduism in South Africa has a following primarily in KwaZulu-Natal, due to historical patterns of migration to the region from India. But now a significant population exists also in Gauteng, especially around Lenasia. Approximately 1.22% or 551,669 of the South African population identifies as Hindu, according to the 2001 census.[1]

History[edit]

Indentured labourers[edit]

Main article: Indian South Africans

After slavery was abolished throughout the British Empire in the early 19th century, farmers found themselves with a shortage of cheap skilled labour. A unique British solution to this problem was to allow indentured labourers to move around throughout the Empire, where they were needed. These indentured labourers were mostly made up of marginal farmers. Indentured labourers usually had four year contracts after which they could reside in their adopted country or return to India. Not surprisingly, owing to the prohibitive costs for transport as well as no assurance for the future in their home land, most of them chose to settle, mostly as distinct cultural communities.

Indentured Labourers traveled far and wide, and indeed today many Indians spread out around the world have their connections to India through this system. Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Mauritius and Guyana are all countries with sizable Indian-descent populations.

In South Africa, indentured labourers worked mostly on the sugar cane farms in Natal. Today, the Kwa-Zulu Natal contains one of the highest Indian populations outside India.

More recently, South Africa has seen waves[clarification needed] of expatriate Indians settle down there.

Establishment of Hinduism in South Africa[edit]

Practices[edit]

In South Africa, there is some blurring between language, and religion among Hindus. It is not uncommon for Tamils to call their religion "Tamil", or for Hindi speakers to refer to their religion likewise. In general, Mother Goddess and Shiva worship are more common among Hindus of South Indian origin, with Hindus of North Indian origin worshiping Rama, or in the case of Gujaratis, worshippers of Vishnu. However, there are many practices that are fluidly shared amongs all Hindus in South Africa. [1]

Hindu temples[edit]

1. Shivan Kovil (Shiva Mandir), Lenasia (Lenz), Johannesburg, South Africa

2. Hindu Temple Complex, (en route to) Springfield Park, Durban, South Africa

3. Shree Siva Subramanium Alayam(125 years old) , 122 Sirdar Road, Clairwood, Durban 4052, South Africa

4. Shree Muruga Alayam, 152 Jacobs Road, Clairwood, Durban 4052, South Africa

5. Melrose Temple, 37 2nd Street, Abbotsford, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa

6. Madhya Kailash Temple Midrand, 52 Stag Road Glen Austin EXT 3 Midrand

7.shri vilvanatha esperar alayam,23 temple road wyebank kloof 3610.

Ashrams in South Africa[edit]

1. Divine Life Society of South Africa, Reservoir Hills, Durban

2. Ramakrishna Centre of South Africa, Glen Anil, Durban

Hindu population[edit]

According to the 2001 census, there are 551,669 Hindus in RSA. The number of Hindus by district municipality boundaries are given below:

SOUTH AFRICA Total Pop Hindus %H
CBLC1: Ga-Segonyana 70389 3 0.004%
NC01B1: Gamagara 16169 0 0.000%
NCDMACB1: Kalahari 6232 0 0.000%
NW1a1: Moshaweng 84113 0 0.000%
CBLC2: Kungwini 107314 160 0.149%
GT02b1: Nokeng tsa Taemane 52587 51 0.097%
CBDMA3: Schuinsdraai NR
CBLC3: Greater Marble Hall 121317 16 0.013%
CBLC4: Greater Groblersdal 220733 41 0.019%
CBLC5: Greater Tubatse 270125 116 0.043%
NP03A2: Makhuduthamaga 262885 25 0.010%
NP03A3: Fetakgomo 92083 0 0.000%
CBDMA4: Kruger Park 3667 8 0.218%
CBLC6: Bushbuckridge 499701 74 0.015%
NP04A1: Maruleng 94385 12 0.013%
CBLC8: Merafong City 210478 114 0.054%
GT411: Mogale City 289720 906 0.313%
GT412: Randfontein 128834 60 0.047%
GT414: Westonaria 109316 98 0.090%
GTDMA41: West Rand 5768 8 0.139%
City of Cape Town 2893251 6505 0.225%
City of Johannesburg Metro 3225810 44936 1.393%
WC011: Matzikama 50205 15 0.030%
WC012: Cederberg 39328 0 0.000%
WC013: Bergrivier 46327 6 0.013%
WC014: Saldanha Bay 70435 34 0.048%
WC015: Swartland 72113 6 0.008%
WCDMA01: West Coast 4258 0 0.000%
EC101: Camdeboo 44367 8 0.018%
EC102:Blue Crane Route 35008 6 0.017%
EC103: Ikwezi 10363 3 0.029%
EC104: Makana 74529 252 0.338%
EC105: Ndlambe 55476 19 0.034%
EC106: Sunday's River Valley 41590 6 0.014%
EC107: Baviaans 15337 0 0.000%
EC108: Kouga 70689 59 0.083%
EC109: Kou-Kamma 34296 0 0.000%
ECDMA10: Aberdeen Plain 6550 3 0.046%
EC121: Mbhashe 253381 93 0.037%
EC122: Mnquma 287765 236 0.082%
EC123: Great Kei 44459 10 0.022%
EC124: Amahlathi 139037 290 0.209%
EC125: Buffalo City 701884 2741 0.391%
EC126: Ngqushwa 84229 53 0.063%
EC127: Nkonkobe 128662 226 0.176%
EC128: Nxuba 24819 0 0.000%
EC131: Inxuba Yethemba 60294 6 0.010%
EC132: Tsolwana 32519 10 0.031%
EC133: Inkwanca 20242 0 0.000%
EC134: Lukanji 184541 291 0.158%
EC135: Intsika Yethu 194219 329 0.169%
EC136: Emalahleni 115938 49 0.042%
EC137: Engcobo 148396 36 0.024%
EC138: Sakhisizwe 54031 13 0.024%
ECDMA13: Mountain Zebra NP 75 0 0.000%
EC141: Elundini 137574 23 0.017%
EC142: Senqu 135130 20 0.015%
EC143: Maletswai 37300 0 0.000%
EC144: Gariep 31302 11 0.035%
ECDMA14: Oviston NR 9 0 0.000%
EC151: Mbizana 245415 48 0.020%
EC152: Ntabankulu 136399 86 0.063%
EC153: Qaukeni 255370 95 0.037%
EC154: Port St Johns 146132 19 0.013%
EC155: Nyandeni 281244 44 0.016%
EC156: Mhlontlo 196677 192 0.098%
EC157: King Sabata Dalindyebo 415237 312 0.075%
FS161: Letsemeng 42988 0 0.000%
FS162: Kopanong 55951 0 0.000%
FS163: Mohokare 36319 3 0.008%
FS171: Naledi 27487 0 0.000%
FS172: Mangaung 645438 221 0.034%
FS173: Mantsopa 55345 23 0.042%
FS181: Masilonyana 64407 10 0.016%
FS182: Tokologo 32464 3 0.009%
FS183: Tswelopele 53714 0 0.000%
FS184: Matjhabeng 408170 208 0.051%
FS185: Nala 98262 21 0.021%
FS191: Setsoto 123184 74 0.060%
FS192: Dihlabeng 128915 44 0.034%
FS193: Nketoana 61939 10 0.016%
FS194: Maluti a Phofung 360775 182 0.050%
FS195: Phumelela 50902 14 0.028%
Golden Gate Highlands NP 178 0 0.000%
WC022: Witzenberg 83558 20 0.024%
WC023: Drakenstein 194421 57 0.029%
WC024: Stellenbosch 117704 35 0.030%
WC025: Breede Valley 146026 120 0.082%
WC026: Breede River/Winelands 81263 3 0.004%
WCDMA02: Breede River 6492 0 0.000%
FS201: Moqhaka 167895 22 0.013%
FS203: Ngwathe 118793 12 0.010%
FS204: Metsimaholo 115963 127 0.110%
FS205: Mafube 57639 35 0.061%
KZ211: Vulamehlo 83041 238 0.287%
KZ212: Umdoni 62293 6283 10.086%
KZ213: Umzumbe 193762 144 0.074%
KZ214: uMuziwabantu 92331 73 0.079%
KZ215: Ezingoleni 54433 82 0.151%
KZ216: Hibiscus Coast 218175 5888 2.699%
KZ221: uMshwathi 108024 1062 0.983%
KZ222: uMngeni 73898 2641 3.574%
KZ223: Mooi Mpofana 36826 371 1.007%
KZ224: Impendle 33569 87 0.259%
KZ225: Msunduzi 553223 34179 6.178%
KZ226: Mkhambathini 59063 300 0.508%
KZ227: Richmond 63222 516 0.816%
Highmoor/Kamberg Park 9 0 0.000%
KZ232: Emnambithi/Ladysmith 225449 6418 2.847%
KZ233: Indaka 113655 35 0.031%
KZ234: Umtshezi 59925 2923 4.878%
KZ235: Okhahlamba 137524 148 0.108%
KZ236: Imbabazane 119920 14 0.012%
Giants Castle GR 518 4 0.772%
KZ241: Endumeni 51102 2451 4.796%
KZ242: Nqutu 145030 97 0.067%
KZ244: Msinga 168031 78 0.046%
KZ245: Umvoti 92296 1596 1.729%
KZ252: Newcastle 332980 6377 1.915%
KZ253: Utrecht 32271 245 0.759%
KZ254: Dannhauser 102774 818 0.796%
KZ261: eDumbe 82233 26 0.032%
KZ262: uPhongolo 119773 71 0.059%
KZ263: Abaqulusi 191001 199 0.104%
KZ265: Nongoma 198441 155 0.078%
KZ266: Ulundi 212965 173 0.081%
KZ271: Umhlabuyalingana 140964 30 0.021%
KZ272: Jozini 184092 89 0.048%
KZ273: The Big 5 False Bay 31104 41 0.132%
KZ274: Hlabisa 176879 101 0.057%
KZ275: Mtubatuba 35209 108 0.307%
KZDMA27: St Lucia Park 5083 0 0.000%
KZ281: Mbonambi 106930 66 0.062%
KZ282: uMhlathuze 289186 5073 1.754%
KZ283: Ntambanana 84767 13 0.015%
KZ284: uMlalazi 221070 812 0.367%
KZ285: Mthonjaneni 50387 16 0.032%
KZ286: Nkandla 133598 28 0.021%
KZ291: eNdondakusuka 128672 1854 1.441%
KZ292: KwaDukuza 158586 21032 13.262%
KZ293: Ndwedwe 152479 963 0.632%
KZ294: Maphumulo 120643 59 0.049%
WC031: Theewaterskloof 93268 10 0.011%
WC032: Overstrand 55725 11 0.020%
WC033: Cape Agulhas 26176 0 0.000%
WC034: Swellendam 28072 18 0.064%
WCDMA03: Overberg 256 0 0.000%
MP301: Albert Luthuli 187929 239 0.127%
MP302: Msukaligwa 124813 206 0.165%
MP303: Mkhondo 142882 230 0.161%
MP304: Seme 80734 112 0.139%
MP305: Lekwa 103262 359 0.348%
MP306: Dipaleseng 38618 42 0.109%
MP307: Highveld East 221750 983 0.443%
MP311: Delmas 56203 11 0.020%
MP312: Emalahleni 276406 652 0.236%
MP313: Middelburg 142778 345 0.242%
MP314: Highlands 43014 53 0.123%
MP315: Thembisile 258862 206 0.080%
MP316: Dr JS Moroka 243304 96 0.039%
MPDMA31: Mdala NR
MP321: Thaba Chweu 81236 33 0.041%
MP322: Mbombela 474803 492 0.104%
MP323: Umjindi 53745 78 0.145%
MP324: Nkomazi 334418 317 0.095%
MPDMA32: Lowveld 503 0 0.000%
NP331: Greater Giyani 237425 39 0.016%
NP332: Greater Letaba 220121 9 0.004%
NP333: Greater Tzaneen 375581 83 0.022%
NP334: Ba-Phalaborwa 131087 27 0.021%
NP341: Musina 39313 18 0.046%
NP342: Mutale 78921 9 0.011%
NP343: Thulamela 584560 128 0.022%
NP344: Makhado 497083 590 0.119%
NP351: Blouberg 161316 6 0.004%
NP352: Aganang 147676 33 0.022%
NP353: Molemole 109437 28 0.026%
NP354: Polokwane 508271 325 0.064%
NP355: Lepele-Nkumpi 227961 10 0.004%
NP361: Thabazimbi 63918 16 0.025%
NP362: Lephalale 96106 27 0.028%
NP364: Mookgopong 30770 6 0.019%
NP365: Modimolle 72799 33 0.045%
NP366: Bela-Bela 52127 6 0.012%
NP367: Mogalakwena 298453 105 0.035%
NW371: Moretele 177907 7 0.004%
NW372: Madibeng 338266 312 0.092%
NW373: Rustenburg 395539 255 0.064%
NW374: Kgetlengrivier 36476 22 0.060%
NW375: Moses Kotane 236842 239 0.101%
NWDMA37: Pilansberg NP 300 0 0.000%
NW381: Setla-Kgobi 104326 15 0.014%
NW382: Tswaing 114143 12 0.011%
NW383: Mafikeng 259478 333 0.128%
NW384: Ditsobotla 147602 41 0.028%
NW385: Zeerust 137439 18 0.013%
NW391: Kagisano 96387 21 0.022%
NW392: Naledi 58100 50 0.086%
NW393: Mamusa 48364 38 0.079%
NW394: Greater Taung 182167 23 0.013%
NW395: Molopo 11690 0 0.000%
NW396: Lekwa-Teemane 42973 6 0.014%
WC041: Kannaland 23970 0 0.000%
WC042: Langeberg 44104 3 0.007%
WC043: Mossel Bay 71494 55 0.077%
WC044: George 135415 89 0.066%
WC045: Oudtshoorn 84685 9 0.011%
WC047: Plettenberg Bay 29184 28 0.096%
WC048: Knysna 51472 21 0.041%
WCDMA04: South Cape 14597 0 0.000%
GT421: Emfuleni 658425 943 0.143%
GT422: Midvaal 64641 78 0.121%
GT423: Lesedi 71542 118 0.165%
NW401: Ventersdorp 43082 59 0.137%
NW402: Potchefstroom 128357 50 0.039%
Klerksdorp 359206 272 0.076%
NW404: Maquassi Hills 69034 6 0.009%
KZ5a1: Ingwe 107560 18 0.017%
KZ5a2: Kwa Sani 15296 3 0.020%
KZ5a3: Matatiele 16219 62 0.382%
KZ5a4: Greater Kokstad 56534 129 0.228%
KZ5a5: Ubuhlebezwe 101943 155 0.152%
Mkhomazi Wilderness Area 818 0 0.000%
EC05b1: Umzimkhulu 174338 46 0.026%
EC05b2: Umzimvubu 376053 86 0.023%
ECDMA44: O'Conners Camp
WC051: Laingsburg 6681 3 0.045%
WC052: Prince Albert 10517 0 0.000%
WC053: Beaufort West 37086 0 0.000%
WCDMA05: Central Karoo 6181 0 0.000%
NC061: Richtersveld 10126 7 0.069%
NC062: Nama Khoi 44761 8 0.018%
NC064: Kamiesberg 10744 0 0.000%
NC065: Hantam 19812 8 0.040%
NC066: Karoo Hoogland 10514 0 0.000%
NC067: Kh�i-Ma 11349 0 0.000%
NCDMA06: Namaqualand 814 0 0.000%
NC071: Ubuntu 16377 0 0.000%
NC072: Umsombomvu 23645 3 0.013%
NC073: Emthanjeni 35539 6 0.017%
NC074: Kareeberg 9488 0 0.000%
NC075: Renosterberg 9072 0 0.000%
NC076: Thembelihle 13998 0 0.000%
NC077: Siyathemba 17517 0 0.000%
NC078: Siyancuma 35807 3 0.008%
NCDMA07: Bo Karoo 3165 0 0.000%
NC081: Mier 6836 0 0.000%
NC082: Kai !Garib 57675 9 0.016%
NC083: Khara Hais 73774 12 0.016%
NC084: !Kheis 16038 0 0.000%
NC085: Tsantsabane 31015 3 0.010%
NC086: NC086: Kgatelopele 15442 0 0.000%
NCDMA08: Benede Oranje 9087 3 0.033%
Durban: Ethekwini 3090117 348894 11.291%
East Rand: Ekurhuleni Metro 2480282 15586 0.628%
CBLC7: Phokwane 61323 0 0.000%
NC091: Sol Plaatje 201462 432 0.214%
NC092: Dikgatlong 35773 11 0.031%
NC093: Magareng 21744 9 0.041%
NCDMA09: Diamondfields 4512 6 0.133%
Port Elizabeth: Nelson Mandela 1005776 3271 0.325%
Pretoria: City of Tshwane Metro 1985984 9762 0.492%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "South Africa - Section I. Religious Demography". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2006-07-15. 

External links[edit]