|Elevation||457 m (1,499 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Marathwada was initially under Nizam's regime. Hingoli was the taluka of parbhani district and part of Nizam's regime. It was actually Nizam's military base as it was border place with vidhrabha. In that era military troops, hospitals, veterinary hospital were in operation from Hingoli. Residents of Hingoli had experienced two big wars between Tipu Sultan and Maratha in 1803 and in 1857 between Nagpurkar and Bhosale. Being a military base the city was one of the important and famous place of the Hydrabad State.
Some of the names like Paltan, Risala, Tophkhana, Pensionpura, Sadar Bazaar are famous today. In the 1956, post independence when the state were reconstructed Marathwada was attached to Mumbai State and in 1960 Hingoli became part of the Maharashtra State as part of Parbhani district. Later on 1 May 1999 Hingoli district came into existence by division of Parbhani.
Hingoli is located at  It has an average elevation of 457 metres (1499 feet)..
Hingoli is situated at the northern part of Marathwada in Maharashtra. Borders of Hingoli are surrounded by Akola and Yevotmal in northern side, Parbhani in western side and Nanded at south-eastern side. The district came into existence by division of Parbhani district on 1 May 1999.
Hingoli, Vasmat, Aundha Nagnath, Kalamnuri and Sengaon are five tahasils in Hingoli district are scattered on this hilly track. Basmat taluka is on the plain area. These mountain ranges lying from east to west. The average height from mean sea level is 500 to 600 meter. In this hilly region the tribes like Andh, Banjara, Hatkar, Pardhi resides.
Marathwada is one of the six administrative divisions. in Maharashtra. It is known as Pathar Pradesh of Balaghat and Satpuda mountain ranges. It also known as southern plateau . Geographical location of Hingoli District is such that at North side of the Hingoli District, Washim and Yavatmal district comes, Towards the west and south side Parbhani district comes and at east and south east Nanded district come. The population of Hingoli district as per census 2001 is 9,87,160. Geographical area of the district is 463364.36 Hectare.
Hingoli is well connected by road and rail. The nearest airport is in Nanded (80 km) which serves as a common airport for Nanded, Parbhani and Hingoli. There is a state highway connecting Washim, Pankanergaon, Hingoli and Nanded.
Hingoli Deccan (Station Code HNL) is a railway station on Kacheguda-Khandwa Meter Gauge Section of Hyderabad(HYB) Division of South Central Railway(SCR). After Divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw the bifurcation of Hyderabad Division, Hingoli now comes under Nanded(NED) Division of SCR. The section from Purna and Akola passing through Hingoli is now converted under Broad Gauge. And plans to connect Hingoli with major cities of Maharashtra is under process.
The biggest railway station near Hingoli is Parbhani which is connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Banglore, Hyderabad by direct trains.
As of 2011[update] India census, Hingoli had a population of 1,178,973. As per 2001 census Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Hingoli has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 60%. In Hingoli, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Hingoli, Vasmat, Aundha Nagnath, Kalamnuri and Sengaon are five Talukas in Hingoli. goregaon is the main village in sengaon taluka it is the capital of all district politics.
The town, being close to the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, was of crucial strategic importance during British Raj. In the town can still be found the state farm building which was the base for British Army. As a result of military settlement, a large number of people from all over India made the town their home, which include the people from UP, MP, Rajasthan, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh. The main language spoken in the city is Marathi with a typical Hingoli flavour. Other languages spoken are Dakkhani Urdu, Hindi, Marwari.
The town is famous for its annual fair festival of 'Dasara'(दसरा महोत्सव) which is a very old festival of the town and second largest fair in India, celebrated for 155 years.1
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Hingoli
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.