Hingorja

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The Hingorja are a Muslim community found in the state of Gujarat in India and a province of Sindh in Pakistan. They are one of a number of communities of pastoral nomads found in the Banni region of Kutch.[1]

History and origin[edit]

The Hingorja claim descent from Samma Rajputs, who were devotees of Hinglaj Mata, whose temple is situated in Hingol in Baluchistan. They were converted to Islam, about five centuries ago, and migrated to Kutch in search of pasture. The Hingorja perceive themselves to be Muslim Rajputs.[2]

Present circumstances[edit]

The community is concentrated in the villages of Nandi Daddar, Mota Banda and Dumcara in the taluka of Bhuj, in the Kutch District of Gujarat, and the neighbouring districts of Badin and Tharparkar in Sindh. They speak a dialect of Kutchi, with substantial Sindhi loan words. The community is endogamous, but does marry with other Samma communities, such as the Hingora. They are divided into a number of clans, the main ones being the Malwani, Jeshwani, Parian, Rebani and Kheera.[3]

The Hingorja are a community of Maldhari cattle breeders. In addition to cattle breeding, the Hingorja are also cultivators, and landless agricultural labourers. Like other Kutchi communities, many of them have migrated to other parts of India in search of employment.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 509-512
  2. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 509-512
  3. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 509-512
  4. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 509-512