Hingston Down

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Coordinates: 50°31′16″N 4°14′50″W / 50.521°N 4.2473°W / 50.521; -4.2473

The Northern Slope of Hingston Down.
Engine House on Hingston Down.

Hingston Down is a hill not far from Gunnislake in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It should not be confused with the Hingston Down at 50°39′40″N 3°44′46″W / 50.661°N 3.746°W / 50.661; -3.746, a hill spur about a mile east of the town of Moretonhampstead in the neighbouring county of Devon.

History[edit]

The hill is usually accepted as the place mentioned in an entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for 835 (corrected by scholars to 838) which says that Egbert king of the West Saxons defeated an army of Vikings and Cornish at Hengestdun = "Stallion Hill".[1]

Geology[edit]

The Hingston Down Consols mine on the hill is the type locality for the mineral Arthurite,[2] which was discovered here.[3] There is also a quarry on the hill,[4] which forms the Hingston Down Quarry & Consols SSSI (Site of Special Scientific Interest), noted for its mineralisation.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See, for example: Higham, Robert (2008). Making Anglo-Saxon Devon. Exeter: The Mint Press. p. 64. ISBN 978-1-903356-57-9. 
    In the October 2007 issue of Cornish World Magazine, Craig Weatherhill suggested the Hingston Down near Moretonhampstead in Devon as a more likely location. Archived 9 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Hingston Down Consols, Gunnislake Area, Callington District, Cornwall, England, UK
  3. ^ Embrey, P. G.; Symes, R. F. (1987). "The mines and mining". Minerals of Cornwall and Devon. London: British Museum (Natural History). p. 58. ISBN 0-565-00989-3. 
  4. ^ Hingston Down Quarry, Gunnislake Area, Callington District, Cornwall, England, UK
  5. ^ "Hingston Down Quarry & Consols". Natural England. 1995. Retrieved 1 November 2011.