Hingston Down

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Coordinates: 50°31′16″N 4°14′50″W / 50.521°N 4.2473°W / 50.521; -4.2473

The Northern Slope of Hingston Down.
Engine House on Hingston Down.

Hingston Down is a hill not far from Gunnislake in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It should not be confused with the Hingston Down at 50°39′40″N 3°44′46″W / 50.661°N 3.746°W / 50.661; -3.746, a hill spur about a mile east of the town of Moretonhampstead in the neighbouring county of Devon.

History[edit]

The hill is usually accepted as the place mentioned in an entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for 835 (corrected by scholars to 838) which says that Egbert king of the West Saxons defeated an army of Vikings and Cornish at the Battle of Hingston Down (Hengestdun = "Stallion Hill").[1]

Geology[edit]

The Hingston Down Consols mine on the hill is the type locality for the mineral Arthurite,[2] which was discovered here.[3] There is also a quarry on the hill,[4] which forms the Hingston Down Quarry & Consols SSSI (Site of Special Scientific Interest), noted for its mineralisation.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See, for example: Higham, Robert (2008). Making Anglo-Saxon Devon. Exeter: The Mint Press. p. 64. ISBN 978-1-903356-57-9. 
    In the October 2007 issue of Cornish World Magazine, Craig Weatherhill suggested the Hingston Down near Moretonhampstead in Devon as a more likely location. Archived 9 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Hingston Down Consols, Gunnislake Area, Callington District, Cornwall, England, UK
  3. ^ Embrey, P. G.; Symes, R. F. (1987). "The mines and mining". Minerals of Cornwall and Devon. London: British Museum (Natural History). p. 58. ISBN 0-565-00989-3. 
  4. ^ Hingston Down Quarry, Gunnislake Area, Callington District, Cornwall, England, UK
  5. ^ "Hingston Down Quarry & Consols". Natural England. 1995. Retrieved 1 November 2011.