|Area||2,204.7 km2 (851.24 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,262 m (4,140 ft)|
|Counties||Nordland and Troms|
|Largest city||Harstad (pop. 23,242)|
Geography and environment
Covering an area of 2,204.7 square kilometres (851.2 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest island in the country, and the largest off the mainland. The western part of the island is in the Vesterålen district, while the southwestern part is in Lofoten. As of 2006, it had a population of 31,851, of which the only town is Harstad. Villages include Borkenes, Lødingen, Sigerfjord and Sørvik.
The island is split between the municipalities of Harstad and Kvæfjord in Troms county, as well as Andøy, Hadsel, Lødingen, Sortland, Tjeldsund, and Vågan in Nordland county. Hinnøya is dissected by several fjords, and contains a mostly rugged and mountainous terrain, especially the southern part. The best agricultural area is in the northeast, in Harstad and Kvæfjord. The southern part is the location of Møysalen National Park, which includes the highest mountain on the island, the 1,262-metre (4,140 ft) tall Møysalen.
Hinnøya is connected to the mainland by the Tjeldsund Bridge across the Tjeldsundet strait. To the west, it is connected to the island of Langøya by the Sortland Bridge, and to the north to the island of Andøya by the Andøy Bridge. The Lofoten mainland connection was opened on 1 December 2007. It is part of the European Route E10 highway and it connects Hinnøya to the Lofoten islands to the southwest. The highway runs near Møysalen National Park. There is also a ferry connection in the southeast between Lødingen and Bognes on the mainland, across the Vestfjorden.
The Old Norse form of the name was just Hinn (-øya meaning 'the island' was added later). The large island is almost divided in two parts by the Gullesfjorden and Kanstadfjorden, and the old name is probably derived from an old verb with the meaning "cleave", "split", or "cut".
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Borkenes in Kvæfjord (elevation: 36 metres or 118 feet) has mean annual temperature of 4 °C (39 °F) and mean annual precipitation 820 millimetres (32 in). The southern coast of the island in Lødingen municipality is wetter with up to 1,800 millimetres (71 in) precipitation annually.
Sigerfjord, a village on the west coast of Hinnøya
- Store norske leksikon. "Hinnøya" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2012-07-13.
- Møysalen National Park, norw with pictures
- Forfjorddalen nature reserve