Hino is approximately in the center of Tokyo Metropolis. The city limits are distributed between three roughly. The western part is called Hino plateau on a plateau approximately 100 meters above see level. The southern part is Tama Hill in an area from 150 meters above see level to approximately 200 meters. And there is an alluvion of the Tama River of the eastern part from the northern part.
In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of 1871, Hino-juku became part of Kanagawa Prefecture. In the reorganization of districts in 1889, Hino-juku came under the jurisdiction of Minamitama District. The entire district was transferred to the control of Tokyo Prefecture on April 1, 1893, at which time Hino-juku was proclaimed Hino Town. The area of the town expanded through annexation of neighboring villages in 1901 and 1958. On November 3, 1963, Hino was elevated to city status.