Hino Briska

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Not to be confused with Kia Brisa or Dodge Brisa.
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Japanese Wikipedia.
Hino Briska
Commerce.jpg
Hino Commerce delivery van built on Hino Briska chassis
Overview
Manufacturer Hino Motors
Production April 1961–1968
Assembly Hamura, Tokyo, Japan
Body and chassis
Class compact truck
Body style pickup
delivery van (1960-1962)
Layout FR layout
Related Hino Contessa
Hino Commerce
Chronology
Successor Toyota Hilux

The Hino Briska was a small pickup truck built by Hino Motors, adapted from the Renault-based Hino Contessa sedan. It was first introduced in 1961 and remained in production until 1968, when Toyota released the Toyota Hilux. In 1967, the Hino Briska was renamed the Toyota Briska, then the Hilux was introduced, based on the Briska.[1] There was also a commercial delivery van, appropriately called the Hino Commerce.

FG series; 1961-1966[edit]

FG series
1961 Hino Briska Light Duty Truck (Pickup).jpg
1961 Hino Briska Light Duty Truck
Overview
Manufacturer Hino Motors
Production April 1961–1965
Assembly Hamura, Tokyo, Japan
Haifa, Israel
Powertrain
Engine 893 cc GP20 I4
Transmission 4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,230–2,295 mm (87.8–90.4 in)
Length 3,840–4,150 mm (151.2–163.4 in)
Width 1,620 mm (63.8 in)
Height 1,640 mm (64.6 in)
Curb weight 935 kg (2,061 lb)[2]
Chronology
Successor FH series

The Briska was originally introduced in March 1961, at exhibitions in 32 cities across Japan.[3] Called the FG10, it used a Hitachi-Stromberg carburetor on a modified version of the Contessa's engine, itself derived from that of the Renault 4CV. In March 1962, the Briska lineup added a longer version with a second bench seat for rear seat passengers (FG20P, also available in a panel van version called FG20V).[4]

The body style with the single bench seat could carry a payload of 750 kg (1,653 lb), while the crew cab could accommodate 400 kg (882 lb). In September 1962 the longer FG30 arrived (also as FG30P and V), now on a slightly longer wheelbase and upgraded for a 850 kg (1,874 lb) payload.[4] The Briska was the first Japanese produced truck to accommodate three passengers on a single bench seat, according to the Japanese Governments Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications. The panel delivery van (FG20V/FG30V) was only built for two years due to lack of sales. In 1963, the engine was uprated from the original 35 PS (26 kW) to 40 PS (29 kW). This also meant that top speed increased, from 91 to 100 km/h (57 to 62 mph).[5]

FH series; 1965–1968[edit]

FH series/GY10
Overview
Manufacturer Hino Motors
Also called Toyota Briska
Production 1965–1968
Assembly Hamura, Tokyo, Japan
Haifa, Israel
Powertrain
Engine 1,251 cc GR100 I4
Transmission 4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,520 mm (99.2 in)
Length 4,275 mm (168.3 in)
Width 1,640 mm (64.6 in)
Height 1,595 mm (62.8 in)
Curb weight 1,080 kg (2,381 lb)[6]
Chronology
Predecessor FG series
Successor Toyota Hilux

When the Contessa entered its second generation, the Briska was also modified and received a larger 1,251 cc engine with 55 PS (40 kW).[7] Hino entered into a partnership with Toyota in 1966, with Hino focusing on large commercial trucks and Toyota focusing on lighter vehicles.[8] The four-speed manual transmission received synchronization only on the top three gears. As of April 1967 and until the end of production, the truck was sold as the Toyota Briska using the model code GY10. The Toyota Briska received twin headlights and a slightly more powerful engine with 63 PS (46 kW).[9] The succeeding Hilux was built by Hino factories for Toyota while Hino's truck sales were still low.[8]

Israel[edit]

Hino Motors signed a 10-year assembly agreement with Kaiser-Illin Industries of Haifa, Israel, in 1963. Assembly of the Contessa 900 started in 1964. Later, Briska 900 and 1300 and the Contessa 1300 sedan were assembled in Haifa as well. During the years 1964-1965, Israel was Hino's second most important market for its Contessas. Israel exports amounted to ~10% of total Contessa production. After it was purchased by Toyota, the contract was terminated and the very last Israeli Contessas rolled off the assembly line in March 1968. In total, over 8,000 Hino Contessa and Briska were assembled in Israel.[10]

Commerce[edit]

The Briska was actually pre-dated by a commercial delivery van version called the Hino Commerce (model code PB), introduced in 1959. The Commerce was similar mechanically to the Renault Estafette (which was also based on the Renault 4CV). However, the Briska's layout is turned around, being front engine and rear-wheel drive whereas the Estafette is front engined and front-wheel drive.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ruiz, Marco (1985). One Hundred Years of the Automobile, 1886–1986. New York: Gallery Books. ISBN 0-8317-6550-X. 
  2. ^ "1962 Hino Briska Fg-Series specs, performance, photo & data". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  3. ^ Ozeki, Kazuo (2007). 日本のトラック・バス 1917~1975 [Japanese Trucks and Buses 1917-1975:] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Miki Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-4-89522-487-1. 
  4. ^ a b Ozeki, p. 109
  5. ^ Ozeki, p. 116
  6. ^ "1965 Hino Briska FH100 specs, performance, photo & data". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  7. ^ "75 Years of Toyota - Vehicle Lineage - Briska". Toyota. Retrieved 2014-03-17. 
  8. ^ a b Toyoda, Eiji (1987). Toyota - fifty years in motion. Tokyo: Kodansha International. ISBN 0-87011-823-4. 
  9. ^ "日野のクルマ:カタログよりトヨタ・ブリスカ" [Hino cars: Toyota Briska catalog]. Hino Samurai (in Japanese). Satoshi Ezawa. 
  10. ^ "קונטסה מיפן מגיעה לאילת" [Contessa comes from Japan to Eilat]. IsraelMotorIndustry.org. Retrieved 2012-06-01. 

External links[edit]

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