||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia. (December 2012)|
|Traded as||TYO: 7205|
|Founded||May 1, 1942|
|Headquarters||Hino-shi, Tokyo, Japan|
|Key people||Masakazu Ichikawa, Chairman
Yasuhiko Ichihashi, President and CEO
|Products||Trucks and buses|
|Revenue||¥1,314,588 million (2012) |
|Operating income||¥37,527 million (2012) |
|Net income||¥16,303 million (2012) |
|Total assets||¥845,008 million (2012) |
|Total equity||¥234,931 million (2012) |
|Employees||25,820 (2012) |
|Parent||Toyota Motor Corporation|
Hino Motors, Ltd. (日野自動車株式会社, Hino Jidōsha), commonly known as simply Hino, is a Japanese manufacturer of commercial vehicles and diesel engines (including trucks, buses and other vehicles) headquartered in Hino-shi, Tokyo. The company has been the leading producer of medium and heavy-duty diesel trucks in Asia. Hino Motors is a constituent of the Nikkei 225 on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Toyota Motor Corporation group along with Lexus and Daihatsu, and also a member of Toyota Group, one of the largest conglomerates in the world.
The company traces its roots back to the founding of Tokyo Gas Industry Company in 1910. In 1910 Chiyoda Gas Co. was established and competed fiercely against incumbent Tokyo Gas Company fighting for gas lighting users. Tokyo Gas Industry was a parts supplier for Chiyoda Gas but it was defeated and merged into Tokyo Gas in 1912. Losing its largest client, Tokyo Gas Industry Co. broadened their product line including electronic parts, and renamed itself as Tokyo Gas and Electric Industry(東京瓦斯電気工業), TG&E and was often abbreviated as Gasuden. It produced its first motor vehicle in 1917, the Model TGE "A-Type" truck. In 1937, TG&E merged its automobile division with that of Automobile Industry Co., Ltd. and Kyodo Kokusan K.K., to form Tokyo Automobile Industry Co., Ltd., with TG&E as a shareholder. Four years later, the company changed its name to Diesel Motor Industry Co., Ltd., which would eventually become Isuzu Motors Limited.
The following year (1942), the new entity of Hino Heavy Industry Co., Ltd. spun itself out from Diesel Motor Industry Co., Ltd., and the Hino name was born. Following the end of World War II, the company had to stop producing large diesel engines for marine applications, and with the signing of the treaty, the company dropped the "Heavy" from its name and formally concentrated on the heavy-duty trailer-trucks, buses and diesel engines markets, as Hino Industry Co., Ltd. The company took its name from the location of its headquarters in Hino (日野市 Hino-shi?) city within Tokyo prefecture.
To sharpen its marketing focus to customers, in 1948, the company added the name "Diesel" to become Hino Diesel Industry Co., Ltd. In 1950 the heavy-duty TH10 was introduced, equipped with the all-new 7-liter DS10 diesel engine. An eight-tonner, this was considerably larger than existing Japanese trucks which had rarely been built for more than 6,000 kg (13,230 lb) payload.
In 1953, Hino entered the private car market, by manufacturing Renaults under licence, and in 1961 it started building its own Contessa 900 sedan with an 893cc rear-mounted engine, and a pickup truck called the Hino Briska with the Contessa engine slightly enlarged and installed in the front with rear wheel drive. The Italian stylist Giovanni Michelotti redesigned the Contessa line in 1964 with a 1300cc rear-mounted engine. Fed by two SU type carburettors, this developed 60 hp (44 kW) in the sedan and 70 hp (51 kW) in the coupé version. However, Hino ceased private car production very quickly in 1967 after joining the Toyota group.
Hino Trucks are also assembled in The Republic of Ireland by J Harris on the Naas/Nangor Roads. They have also been assembled in Portugal and in Canada.
Hino Motors signed a 10-year assembly agreement with Kaiser-Illin Industries of Haifa, Israel, in 1963. Assembly of the Contessa 900 started in 1964. Later, Briska 900 and 1300 and the Contessa 1300 sedan were assembled in Haifa as well. During the years 1964-1965, Israel was Hino's second most important market for its Contessas. Israel exports amounted to ~10% of total Contessa production. After it was purchased by Toyota, the contract was terminated and the very last Israeli Contessas rolled off the assembly line in March 1968. In total, over 8,000 Hino Contessa and Briska were assembled in Israel.
Hino has been marketing trucks in Canada since the 1970s. Hino Motors Canada Ltd., is the exclusive distributor of Hino products in Canada, and is part of the Toyota Group of Companies, with head office in Mississauga, Ontario. In May 2006, Hino opened a new 12,300 m2 (132,000 sq ft) truck manufacturing plant in Woodstock, Ontario, employing 45 and with a capacity of 2,000 trucks per year.
In the US, Hino Motors Manufacturing U.S.A., Inc., has a 18,000 m2 (194,000 sq ft) assembly plant in Williamstown, West Virginia, for the production of Class 4-7 Hino trucks at an annual capacity of 10,000 units. The plant was opened in November 2007 and employs about 200.
Trucks and buses
- Hino TH-series - a heavy duty bonneted truck, sold from 1950 until discontinued in favor of cab-over trucks in 1968.
- Ford N Series trucks (sold 1980-1998 in Oceania) These were badge-engineered Hino Ranger models.
- Profia (previously Super Dolphin Profia), sold as Hino 700 for export - heavy duty truck
- Bonneted medium truck (for North America) - coded Hino 600.
- Dutro - light truck, hybrid vehicle version available, sold as Hino 300.
- Ranger 2 FA, FB, FC - light trucks replaced by Dutro.
- Ranger - also sold as Hino 500, medium to heavy truck
- The Ranger KL was first introduced in 1969
- The 2nd generation was launched in 1980
- The 3rd generation of 1989 is called Rising Ranger and Cruising Ranger.
- The latest 4th generation (Ranger Pro) came in 2002, Hybrid vehicle version available.
- The first generation Ranger KL spawned into KM, KR, and other variants. In Australia.
- Hino has competed in the Dakar Rally since 1991 with a Ranger FT 4WD truck driven by the Japanese rally driver, Yoshimasa Sugawara. Hino has always finished in the Top 10 in the Camion Category, and 1-2-3 overall in the 1997 event.
- 155 Class 4 - light duty truck
- 165 Class 4 - medium duty truck
- 185 Class 5 - medium duty truck
USA only conventional/bonneted trucks:
- 238 Class 6 - medium duty truck
- 258 Class 6 - medium duty truck
- 268 Class 6 - medium duty truck
- 338 Class 7 - heavy duty truck
- 358 Class 7 - heavy duty truck
Hino also sells the European truck Scania R420 in Japan, into an agreement with the Swedish brand.
- Poncho - Non Step light bus
- Liesse & Liesse II - light bus
- The Liesse II is a rebadged Toyota Coaster.
- Blue Ribbon & Blue Ribbon II- city bus
- The Blue Ribbon II is a rebadged Isuzu Erga.
- Rainbow & Rainbow II - medium bus
- The Rainbow II is a rebadged Isuzu Erga Mio.
- Melpha - medium bus
- S'elega - luxury bus
- The new model is offered as High Decker and Super High Decker.
- Front-engine chassis (FB, FC) - light bus
- Front-engine chassis (AK, FF, FG) - big bus
- Mid-engine chassis (BG, BX, CG, CM) - big bus
- Rear-engine chassis (RC, RF, RG, RM, RK, RU, RV, HT) - big bus
- Front-engine Type C school bus chassis (Hino 338) - Used in the production of the Starcraft Guardian
- Hino Renault 4CV, built under license
- Contessa, passenger car built in 1960s
- Toyota FJ Cruiser, SUV built for Toyota, 2006–2014
- Hino Motors Canada, Ltd. - see Toyota Canada
- Hino Motors Sales U.S.A.
- Hino Motors Manufacturing Colombia.
- Harris Hino, Ireland
- Hinopak Motors, Pakistan, http://www.hinopak.com
- Pilipinas Hino, Inc., Philippines
- Samco (Vietnam)
- Indomobil (Indonesia)
- Audi Motor Assembly, Japan (a former joint-venture with Audi)
- Hino Motors Manufacturing USA. http://hinointl.com/
- Hino Motors Manufacturing (Thailand) Ltd. http://www.hinomanufacturing.com/EN/Index.aspx
- Hino Motors Sales (Thailand)Co.,Ltd. http://www.hinothailand.com/
- "Financial Results for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2012". Hino. 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2012-09-13.
- "Hino Motors achieves top domestic medium and heavy-duty truck sales share 34 consecutive year" (Press release). Hino. 2007-01-07. Retrieved 2012-09-13.
- "Hino TH10 Truck". 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology. Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan (JSAE). Retrieved 2013-09-16.
- Minnis, Peter (May 1982). "New Hinos head for Britain". TRUCK (London, UK: FF Publishing Ltd): 42.
- Hino Motors Canada, Ltd. - Company Profile. Hinocanada.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- The New Starcraft Type C School Bus At-a-Glance. Stnonline.com (2010-10-12). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- IsraelMotorIndustry.org. "Hino Contessa in Israel".
- Company website (English)
- Company website (Japanese)
- HinoSamurai.org (Research Center of Historic and Existing Hino Contessa & Hino Samurai Cars, English and Japanese)
- Overseas offices
- Hino Singapore
- Hino Motors Israel, Ltd. (Israel)
- Hino Motors Canada, Ltd. (Canada)
- Hino Motors Manufacturing U.S.A.,Inc. (U.S.A).
- Hino Diesel Trucks Inc. (U.S.A).
- Hino Indonesia
- Hino Vietnam
- Hino Motors N.V. (Europe).
- Hinopak Motors Limited (Pakistan).
- Pilipinas Hino Incorporated - Philippines
- Hino Australia (Australia)
- Hino Samco bus manufacturer (Vietnam)