Hymn of the Azores
|English: Hymn of the Azores|
Regional anthem of Portugal
|Lyrics||Natália Correia, 19 May 1979|
|Music||Joaquim Lima (1890) Original
Teófilo Frazão (1979) Adaption
|Adopted||21 October 1980|
The Hymn of the Azores (Portuguese: Hino dos Açores) is an unofficial regional anthem, used in semi-official ceremonies by the Regional Government of the Azores. Nationally, A Portuguesa remains the official anthem used in all government events, in sporting venues and other civic ceremonies: the hymn does not have any legal standing with the national anthem.
The original song was composed by Joaquim Lima, a musician and director, of the Philharmonic Band of Rabo de Peixe, the Filarmónica Progresso do Norte, in the 1890s, when a movement for autonomy was growing within the archipelago. It was first played by the band on 3 February 1894, and referred to as Hino Popular da Autonomia dos Açores (The Popular Hymn of Autonomy for the Azores).
On the same day, António Tavares Torres, President of the Executive of the municipality of Ribeira Grande, accompanied by a group of friends from the Filarmónica Progresso do Norte, went to Ponta Delgada to play the hymn in public. After playing for the members of the Autonomous Electoral Commission and, as it became late, they gathered at the Campo de São Francisco, with a large group of autonomy supporters, and crossed the streets towards the Centro Autonomista where they participated in a rally for the forthcoming general elections. During this rally several speakers promoted the autonomic agenda, including: Caetano de Andrade, Pereira Ataíde, Gil Mont'Alverne de Sequeira and Duarte de Almeida.
On 14 April 1894, Gil Mont'Alverne de Sequeira, Pereira Ataíde and Duarte de Andrade Albuquerque were elected deputies under the Autonomist banner, and celebrated their success with a march through the streets of Ponta Delgada accompanied by Philharmonic Bands playing the Hino da Autonomia.
On 9 March 1895 the philharmonic bands also played the Hino da Autonomia, in the municipal square of Ponta Delgada, during the festival marking the promulgation of the March 2, 1895 Decree establishing limited autonomy for the Azores.
Originally, Lima's anthem had no lyrics, but as a function of political evolution, many unofficial regional lyrics were written to support local autonomy. The first recognized hymn became the anthem of Partido Progressista Autonomista (Autonomous Progressive Party), led by José Maria Raposo de Amaral, in São Miguel. Its lyrics were composed by the poet António Tavares Torres, a native of Rabo de Peixe and political militant of the Progressive Party.
Following the legal autonomy of the Azores, the Regional Government asked Natália de Oliveira Correia (an Azorean poet) to compose official lyrics for the anthem. The government also adopted Teófilo Frazão's arrangement of the original melody, as the official version of the anthem.
It was approved by the Regional Assembly on 19 May 1979, promulgated and adopted on 21 October 1980, as a ceremonial anthem of the Regional Government.
The official version of the Azores Hymn was sung for the first time in public on 27 June 1984, by students of the Colégio de São Francisco Xavier, during a ceremony the reunited the President of the Azores (João Bosco da Mota Amaral), members of the Regional Government, and various official attendees. It was sung by 600 children, wearing blue skirts/pants, white shirts and yellow handkerchiefs, and directed by professor Eduarda Cunha Ataíde.
In nationalist terms, "A Portuguesa" remains the official anthem used in all government events, in sporting venues and other civic ceremonies: the Hino does not have legal standing with the National Anthem.
- Faria e Maia, Francisco de Ataíde Machado de (1994). "Novas Páginas da História Micaelense". Jornal de Cultura (2 ed.). Ponta Delgada, Azores. pp. 390–391.
- "Decreto Regulamentar Regional n.º 13/79/A". Lisbon, Portugal: Diário da Republica. 18 May 1975. p. 3536. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
- "Decreto Regulamentar Regional n.º 49/80/A". Lisbon, Portugal: Diário da Republica. 21 October 1980. p. 3536. Retrieved 25 August 2010.