Hinsdale, Massachusetts

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Hinsdale, Massachusetts
Town
Ashmere Lake from Rte. 143, looking north
Ashmere Lake from Rte. 143, looking north
Official seal of Hinsdale, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Berkshire County in Massachusetts
Location in Berkshire County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°26′19″N 73°07′33″W / 42.43861°N 73.12583°W / 42.43861; -73.12583Coordinates: 42°26′19″N 73°07′33″W / 42.43861°N 73.12583°W / 42.43861; -73.12583
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Berkshire
Settled 1763
Incorporated 1804
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 21.7 sq mi (56.2 km2)
 • Land 20.7 sq mi (53.7 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)
Elevation 1,442 ft (440 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,032
 • Density 98/sq mi (37.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01235
Area code(s) 413
FIPS code 25-30315
GNIS feature ID 0618266

Hinsdale is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 2,032 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

Originally part of Northern Berkshire Township Number 2 and including all of Peru and parts of Middlefield and Dalton, the town was first settled in 1763 and officially incorporated as "Partridgefield" in 1771. Named for Oliver Partridge, one of the three purchasers of the town (along with Governor Francis Bernard), the Western Parish officially broke away from its eastern half and incorporated in 1804, renaming itself for the family of Rev. Theodore Hinsdale,[2][3] who also owned an important woolen mill. The mill was the center of economic activity in town until the Great Depression, when it closed.

Hinsdale, along with neighboring Dalton, is home to two historic long-distance routes: the Appalachian Trail (a National Scenic Trail) and the Boston and Albany Railroad, on which operates the Lake Shore Limited passenger rail service that has run continuously from Boston to Chicago since 1897.[4] The Hinsdale train depot located in the town center was closed in 1954,[5] and the actual intersection of the two corridors lies at the also decommissioned train depot just north in Dalton.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.7 square miles (56.2 km2), of which 20.7 square miles (53.7 km2) is land and 0.97 square miles (2.5 km2), or 4.45%, is water.[1] Hinsdale is located in central Berkshire County, and is bordered by Windsor to the north, Peru to the east, Washington to the south, and Dalton to the west. Hinsdale is 9 miles (14 km) east of Pittsfield, 42 miles (68 km) northwest of Springfield, and 120 miles (190 km) west of Boston.

Hinsdale is located in the Berkshire Hills, with most of its population located in a valley along the East Branch of the Housatonic River, whose origin is just south of the town line. Much of the land around the river south of the town center is part of the Hinsdale Flats Wildlife Management Reserve, and is generally a swampy area. There are four reservoirs within the town (Belmont, Plunkett, Cleveland Brook and a portion of the Windsor Reservoir), as well as part of Muddy Pond in the south and most of Ashmere Lake along the Peru town line. The town, which contains the peak of Tully Mountain along the western border, is traversed by a portion of the Appalachian Trail, which crosses the mountain. The town also has several summer camps and a country club.

CSX tracks looking south from Route 8

Massachusetts Route 8 crosses the town from the south to the Dalton border in the northwest. Route 143 begins at Route 8 at the center of town. The town lies along a CSX Transportation rail line (former New York Central), which brings Amtrak and freight service to Pittsfield. The town lies at the eastern terminus of the Berkshire Regional Transit Authority bus line. Regional bus service can be found in Pittsfield, which is also home to the nearest regional air service (at Pittsfield Municipal Airport). The nearest airport with national flights is Bradley International Airport in Connecticut.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1850 1,253 —    
1860 1,511 +20.6%
1870 1,695 +12.2%
1880 1,595 −5.9%
1890 1,739 +9.0%
1900 1,485 −14.6%
1910 1,116 −24.8%
1920 1,065 −4.6%
1930 1,144 +7.4%
1940 1,235 +8.0%
1950 1,560 +26.3%
1960 1,414 −9.4%
1970 1,588 +12.3%
1980 1,707 +7.5%
1990 1,959 +14.8%
2000 1,872 −4.4%
2010 2,032 +8.5%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 1,872 people, 739 households, and 509 families residing in the town. By population, the town ranks 13th of the 32 cities and towns in Berkshire County, and 292nd of 351 cities and towns in Massachusetts. The population density was 89.8 people per square mile (34.7/km²), which ranks 13th and 290th in the county and Commonwealth, respectively. There were 970 housing units at an average density of 46.6 per square mile (18.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.81% White, 0.53% African American, 0.27% Asian, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population.

There were 739 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $42,500, and the median income for a family was $51,118. Males had a median income of $38,333 versus $24,420 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,797. About 6.4% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Hinsdale employs the open town meeting form of government, and is led by a board of selectmen. The town has its own services, including police, fire and public works departments. Hinsdale shares its post office (and its ZIP code of 01235) with neighboring Peru. The nearest hospital, the Berkshire Medical Center, is located in Pittsfield.

On the state level, Hinsdale is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as part of the Second Berkshire district, which covers central Berkshire County, as well as portions of Hampshire and Franklin counties, and is represented by Paul Mark. In the Massachusetts Senate, the town is part of the Berkshire, Hampshire and Franklin district, which includes all of Berkshire County and western Hampshire and Franklin counties, and is represented by Ben Downing.[17] Hinsdale has its own police department, which patrols the town,[18] and Hinsdale is also patrolled by the Fourth (Cheshire) Station of Barracks "B" of the Massachusetts State Police.[19]

On the national level, Hinsdale is represented in the United States House of Representatives as part of Massachusetts's 1st congressional district, by Richard Neal of Springfield. Massachusetts is currently represented in the United States Senate by senior Senator Elizabeth Warren and junior Senator Ed Markey.

Education[edit]

Hinsdale is one of the seven towns in the Central Berkshire Regional School District, the largest district (by land area) in the Commonwealth. Students in Hinsdale attend the Kittredge Elementary School in the town for elementary school, along with students from Peru. All students in the district travel to Dalton to attend Nessacus Regional Middle School for sixth through eighth grades and Wahconah Regional High School for the high grades. There are no private schools in Hinsdale, with the nearest being in the Pittsfield area.

The nearest community college is Berkshire Community College in Pittsfield. The nearest state college is Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts in North Adams, and the nearest state university is the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Points of interest[edit]

Hinsdale Town Library, erected in 1866, is a rare early example of French Tudor style imported to North America.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hinsdale town, Berkshire County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Profile for Hinsdale, Massachusetts". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-04-25. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 157. 
  4. ^ "Train Service to Hinsdale". History. Masons of Berkshire Co. March 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  5. ^ "Train Service to Hinsdale". B&A RR Station, Hinsdale, Mass. East Brookfield Depot Foundation. March 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  6. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  7. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  14. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  15. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Senators and Representatives by City and Town
  18. ^ Hinsdale Police Department - Home
  19. ^ Station B-4, SP Cheshire
  20. ^ McLellan, Dennis (Feb 1, 2010). "Anne Froelick Taylor dies at 96; blacklisted screenwriter". Los Angeles Times. 
  21. ^ "HASCALL, Augustus Porter, (1800 - 1872)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved Oct 2013. 
  22. ^ Stephen D. Bingham (1888), Early history of Michigan: with biographies of state officers, members of Congress, judges and legislators, Thorp & Godfrey, state printers 
  23. ^ "Wyoming Governor Francis E. Warren". National Governors Association. Retrieved Oct 2013. 
  24. ^ Merrick P. Wing. The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin. Retrieved Jan 2014. 
  25. ^ "WRIGHT, Ashley Bascom, (1841 - 1897)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved Oct 2013. 

External links[edit]