Hip Sing Association

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Hip Sing Association (traditional Chinese: 協勝公會; simplified Chinese: 协胜公会; pinyin: Xié Shèng Gōnghuì; Jyutping: Hip3 Sing3 Gung1wui6) formerly known as the Hip Sing Tong (Chinese: 協勝堂; Cantonese Yale: Hip Sing Tong) is a Chinese-American criminal organization based in New York's Chinatown during the early 20th century. They, along with their rivals the Four Brothers and the On Leong Tong, would be involved in the violent Tong wars for control of Chinatown during the early 1900s. During the 1930s and 40s, the Hip Sings were involved in drug trafficking operations with the Kuomintang (KMT) and later the Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).[1] They would later establish chapters in Chinese-American communities throughout the United States in major cities such as Chicago, Seattle and San Francisco (the latter being subject to a major drug raid by authorities in 1996). On July 12, 2012, a major drug raid by authorities took place at the Portland, Oregon, branch.[2]

Branches[edit]

The Hip Sing Association building in Seattle, Washington.

The Hip Sing Association has several branches in the United States including in:

Further reading[edit]

  • Bonner, Arthur. Alas! What Brought Thee Hither?: The Chinese in New York 1800-1950. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-8386-3704-3
  • MacIllwain, Jeffrey Scott. Organizing Crime in Chinatown: race and racketeering in New York City, 1890-1910. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2004. ISBN 0-7864-1626-2
  • Scott, Peter Dale. Drugs, Oil, and War: the United States in Afghanistan, Colombia, and Indochina. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. ISBN 0-7425-2522-8

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peter Dale Scott (1 Sep 1986). "The CIA-Mafia-Narcotics Connection and the U.S. Press". Lobster Magazine. 
  2. ^ a b "Old Town residence is raided as part of drug trafficking case". The Oregonian. July 12, 2012. 
  3. ^ LII, JANE H. (June 12, 1994). "NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT: CHINATOWN; On Pell Street, Only Memories Of a Violent Past". New York Times. 
  4. ^ "CommunityWalk".