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Today, Hippology is the title of an Equine Knowledge Contest that is used in 4-H, FFA and many horse breed contests. Hippology consists of four phases: Horse Judging, Written Examination and Slide Identification, ID Stations and Team Problem Solving.
Many youth across the United States, and in other countries compete in Hippology annually, showing their knowledge of all things "horse".
Items covered in the contest may cover any equine subject, i.e., Reproduction, Training, Parasites, Dressage, History and Origins, Anatomy and Physiology, Driving and Harnessing, Horse Industry, Horse Management, Breeds, Genetics, Western Games, Colors, Famous Horses in History, Parts of the Saddle, Types of Bits, Gaits, Competitions, Poisonous Plants and Nutrition.
The horse judging phase generally includes judging both a halter class and an "under saddle" class (such as western pleasure, hunter under saddle, etc.). The classes involve 4 horses and contestants are given a judging card to place the horses. Unlike the Horse Judging competitions, Hippology competitors are not expected to give reasons, but only place the classes.
Written Examination and Slide Identification
The written examination is a multiple-choice, 50-question test. The written examination can cover any of the topics and any of the information from the designated sources. The slide identification is composed of 25 slides.
The ID station phase includes 10 stations, each with 10 pictures or objects to be identified along with a list of multiple-choice answers. Each station has a theme (anatomy, poisonous plants, tack, etc.). A time limit exists allotting only 2 minutes per station.
Team Problem Solving
The team problem solving phase requires a team, with three or four members, to present their solution for a problem to a judge or judges. The team is given 10-15 minutes to discuss the problem, form a solution, and prepare their presentation. No written materials are allowed. They then have an average of 5 minutes to present their solution. Members are judged on their team work (especially during the discussion phase), the accuracy of their solution, and their presentation skills. No coaches or any adults are allowed in the room during the team problem.
Hippology in 4-H
In 4-H, hippology teams consist of 3 or 4 members. (In the case of a team with 4 members, the lowest score is dropped.) Teams compete at a regional level, where the first place team advances to compete against the other region winners at a state level. The winner of the state level then advances to either Eastern Nationals in Kentucky, or Western Nationals in Colorado, depending on the state.
Information for the hippology competitions is taken from multiple sources. These include "The Horse" by Evans et al, "Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms" by New Horizons Equine Education Center Inc., "Horse Industry Handbook" by American Youth Horse Council, "Youth Leaders' Manual" by American Youth Horse Council, "Horse Anatomy: A Coloring Atlas" by Kainer and McCracken, "Feeding and Care of the Horse" by Lewis, and "Equine Science" by Griffiths.
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