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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Littorinimorpha
Superfamily: Vanikoroidea
Family: Hipponicidae
Genus: Hipponix
DeFrance, 1819[1]

See text

Hipponix, common name hoof snails or hoof shells, is a genus of small sea snails with limpet-like shells, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Hipponicidae, the hoof snails.[2] Many (but not all) of the species in this genus have white shells.


Species within the genus Hipponix include:

NOTE: According to notes in Rosenberg, 2009, the online database Malacolog 4.1.1, H. antiquatus was described without a type locality. This same species was previously considered to occur in both the Eastern Pacific and the Western Atlantic, but some records of this species from the Western Atlantic may in fact be H. leptus instead.

Species brought into synonymy
  • Hipponix acutus Quoy & Gaimard, 1835: synonym of Hipponix conicus (Schumacher, 1817)
  • Hipponix australis (Lamarck, 1819): synonym of Sabia australis (Lamarck, 1819)
  • Hipponix barbatus Sowerby, 1835: synonym of Hipponix pilosus (Deshayes, 1832)
  • Hipponix inexpectata Mestayer, 1929: synonym of Spirobranchus latiscapus (Marenzeller, 1885)
  • Hipponix lissus (E.A. Smith, 1894): synonym of Malluvium lissum (E. A. Smith, 1894)


  1. ^ DeFrance (1819_. Journ. de Physique 88: 217.
  2. ^ Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2012). Hipponix Defrance, 1819. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138072 on 2012-06-25
  • Mestayer M.K. (1929) Notes on New Zealand Mollusca. 4. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 60(1): 247-250, pls 20-25. [Published 31 May 1929]
  • Dell, R.K., 1956. The archibenthal Mollusca of New Zealand. Dominion Mus. Bull. Wellington 18: 1-235
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp.
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213

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