||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia. (September 2014)|
|Native name||田中 宏和|
|Also known as||Hip Tanaka|
December 13, 1957 |
|Occupations||Composer, sound designer, president|
Hirokazu "Hip" Tanaka (田中 宏和 Tanaka Hirokazu?, born December 13, 1957) is a Japanese composer and sound designer, best known for his scores in various video games produced by Nintendo. At Nintendo, Tanaka would work on well known games such as Metroid, Kid Icarus, Super Mario Land, Tetris, Mother, Dr. Mario, and EarthBound.
Besides writing music, Tanaka is also known for his role in designing and coding the Famicom and Game Boy audio hardware, along with co-designing the NES Zapper, Game Boy Camera, and Game Boy Printer.
|This section requires expansion. (September 2014)|
In 1980, after graduating from university with a degree in electronic engineering, Tanaka successfully applied for a job at Nintendo as a sound designer. At the advice of EarthBound co-worker Tsunekazu Ishihara, Tanaka would join Creatures as a guest composer, where he would end up composing multiple songs for the first Japanese Pokémon anime. Despite the fact that his themes were not used in the West, they inspired best-selling singles and albums in Japan due to their popularity there. Tanaka was eventually forbidden by Nintendo to continue to write more songs for the anime due to their policy of not allowing employees to work for other companies, so he resigned at Nintendo and joined Creatures full-time in 1999. In 2001, Tanaka succeeded Ishihara to become the president of Creatures, where he still works as of 2014.
Among musical influences, Tanaka has cited Brian Wilson, Randy Newman, Stackridge, Yabby U, the Flying Lizards, Prince, Lalo Rodriguez, My Bloody Valentine, Frank Zappa, Keiichi Suzuki, Hal Willner's various artists compilations, Sly Dunbar, and Jah Wobble.
- Space Firebird (1980)
- Radar Scope (1980)
- Heli Fire (1980)
- Mickey & Donald (1982)
- Donkey Kong 2 (1982)
- Donkey Kong 3 (1983)
- Pinball (1983)
- Mario’s Cement Factory (1983)
- Donkey Kong Jr. (1983)
- Snoopy (1983)
- Popeye (1983)
- Mario's Bombs Away (1983)
- Spitball Sparky (1984)
- Wild Gunman (1984)
- Duck Hunt (1984)
- Hogan's Alley (1984)
- Urban Champion (1984)
- Balloon Fight (1985)
- Wrecking Crew (1985)
- Stack-Up (1985)
- Gyromite (1985)
- Gumshoe (1986)
- Metroid (1986)
- Kid Icarus (1986)
- Famicom Wars (1988) (with Kenji Yamamoto)
- Alleyway (1989)
- Baseball (1989)
- Super Mario Land (1989)
- Yakuman (1989)
- Tetris (1989)
- Mother (with Keiichi Suzuki) (1989)
- Golf (1989)
- Knight Move (1989)
- Dr. Mario (1990)
- Barker Bill's Trick Shooting (1990)
- Balloon Kid (Balloon Fight GB in Japan) (1990)
- Hello Kitty World (1992)
- Mario Paint (1992) (with Ryoji Yoshitomi and Kazumi Totaka)
- EarthBound (Mother 2, 1994, with Keiichi Suzuki)
- Snoopy Concert (with Minako Hamano) (1995)
- Game Boy Camera (1998)
- Super Smash Bros. Brawl (2008) (arrangements with various others)
- Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U (2014) (arrangements with various others)
- Donkey Kong (1981, sound effects)
- X (1992, sound effects)
- Fire Emblem Gaiden (1992, supervisor)
- Fire Emblem: Monshō no Nazo (1994, special thanks)
- Various songs for the original Japanese Pokémon anime.
- Play For Japan: The Album (2011) (with various others)
- Tanaka, Hirokazu. "Biography". HirokazuTanaka.com. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- Tanaka, Hirokazu. "Works". HirokazuTanaka.com. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
- Brandon, Alexander; Tanaka, Hirokazu. "Shooting from the Hip: An Interview with Hip Tanaka". Gamasutra. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- Greening, Chris. "Hirokazu Tanaka Profile". Game Music Online. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- "Diggin' in the Carts". Red Bull Music Academy. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
- Itoi, Shigesato (June 16, 2003). "『MOTHER』の音楽は鬼だった。" [Music of "MOTHER" was a demon]. 1101.com. Translation. Archived from the original on July 5, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- Brandon, Alexander (September 25, 2002). "Shooting from the Hip: An Interview with Hip Tanaka". Gamasutra. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
- Official website (Japanese)
- Hirokazu Tanaka discography at MusicBrainz
- Artist profile at OverClocked ReMix
- Hirokazu Tanaka @ HearJapan
- Article at TvTropes