Hiroshima Airport

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Hiroshima Airport
広島空港
Hiroshima Kūkō
Hiroshima airport japan.jpg
IATA: HIJICAO: RJOA
WMO: 47789
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Hiroshima Prefectural Government
Location Mihara, Hiroshima, Japan
Elevation AMSL 1,086 ft / 331 m
Coordinates 34°26′10″N 132°55′10″E / 34.43611°N 132.91944°E / 34.43611; 132.91944Coordinates: 34°26′10″N 132°55′10″E / 34.43611°N 132.91944°E / 34.43611; 132.91944
Website www.hij.airport.jp
Map
RJOA is located in Japan
RJOA
RJOA
Location in Japan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 3,000 9,843 Asphalt/concrete
Source: Japanese AIP at AIS Japan[1]

Hiroshima Airport (広島空港 Hiroshima Kūkō?) (IATA: HIJICAO: RJOA) is an airport in the city of Mihara, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. Located 50 km (31 mi) east[1] of Hiroshima, it is the largest airport in the Chūgoku region.

History[edit]

New Hiroshima Airport opened for public use in 1993 as a replacement for Hiroshima Airport, which was renamed Hiroshima-Nishi Airport. The old airport was located in a more central waterfront location, but was too small to handle widebody aircraft and could not be expanded. In 1994, New Hiroshima Airport was renamed Hiroshima Airport.[2]

The airport's single runway opened with a length of 2,500 m (700 m longer than Hiroshima-Nishi). The runway was extended to 3,000 m in 2001, and its instrument landing system was upgraded to CAT-IIIa in 2008 and CAT-IIIb in 2009.[2]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Landing path of Flight 162 at Hiroshima
  • On 14 April 2015, Asiana Airlines Flight 162, operated by Airbus A320 HL-7762 departed the runway on landing. The aircraft was operating an international scheduled passenger flight from Incheon International Airport, Seoul, South Korea. At least 27 of the 81 people on board were injured (25 passengers and two crew members).[3][4][5] Initial indications were that the aircraft had hit off the localizer antenna belonging to the airport's Instrument landing system as it was coming in to land.[5] The airport was closed through 16 April and reopened on 17 April with the ILS offline, resulting in flight cancellations during periods of adverse weather.[6]

Terminal[edit]

Hiroshima has one terminal with separated departures and arrivals facilities for domestic and international flights and seven lettered gates (A through D domestic; E through G international). The international and domestic areas are separated landside by a central atrium. The domestic departures lounge has separate JAL and ANA airline lounges, while the international area has one shared airport lounge.[7]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

80% of the airport's domestic traffic is to and from Haneda Airport in Tokyo; the Hiroshima-Haneda route is the fifth-busiest domestic air route in Japan.

Airlines Destinations
Air China Beijing-Capital, Dalian
All Nippon Airways Naha, Sapporo-Chitose, Tokyo-Haneda
All Nippon Airways operated by Ibex Airlines Sendai, Tokyo-Narita
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Chengdu, Shanghai-Pudong
Japan Airlines Sapporo-Chitose, Tokyo-Haneda
Spring Airlines Japan Tokyo-Narita[8]

Statistics[edit]

Year Passengers Year Passengers
1995 2,652,270 1998 2,989,733
1996 2,761,389 1999 3,263,171
1997 2,849,670 2000 3,330,770

Source:[9]

Ground transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

The airport has no direct expressway connection but is located near the San'yō Expressway. Limousine bus service to and from the downtown Hiroshima Bus Terminal is scheduled at 53 minutes but is often subject to traffic delays.[10] Hiroshima Station is accessible by bus in 45 minutes. Bus service is also available to Shiraichi Station, Fukuyama Station, Kure Station and Mihara Station.[11]

Rail[edit]

Unusually among major Japanese airports, Hiroshima Airport has no railway station. The closest station is Shiraichi Station on the San'yō Main Line, and planners have proposed connecting the airport to this station with a new line, or to build a new station on the San'yō Shinkansen high-speed rail line. The West Japan Railway Company, which operates both lines, has rejected proposals for connections because of the high cost involved and to maintain JR's competitiveness with commercial airlines for passenger traffic to and from Hiroshima.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ a b "AIS Japan". Aisjapan.mlit.go.jp. 
  2. ^ a b "広島空港". 大阪航空局. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  3. ^ Kaminsky-Morrow, David. "Asiana A320 involved in Hiroshima landing incident". Flight Global. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  4. ^ Yeo, Ghim-Lay. "-Investigators sent to Asiana A320 runway excursion in Hiroshima". Flight Global. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  5. ^ a b AFP (15 April 2015). "Asiana plane skids off runway in Japan, leaving 20 injured". The Daily Telegraph (online edition). Retrieved 15 April 2015. 
  6. ^ Yoshikawa, Tadayuki (25 April 2015). "広島空港、アシアナ事故機撤去へ 26日から運用条件緩和". Aviation Wire. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "2F 出発ロビー・チケットカウンター | ターミナルマップ | 広島空港". Hij.airport.jp. 
  8. ^ http://www.ch-aviation.com/portal/news/28666-spring-airlines-japan-delays-launch-until-august-1
  9. ^ "Airport usage" (PDF) (in Japanese). 
  10. ^ "広島―東京間、航空会社の逆襲なるか 新幹線シェア伸ばす". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  11. ^ "Access Information". Hiroshima Airport. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 

External links[edit]