Hiroshima Maidens

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Silent USSBS (United States Strategic Bombing Survey) footage which is primarily an analysis of flash burn injuries to those at Hiroshima. At 2:00, as is typical of the shapes of sunburns, the protection afforded by clothing, in this case pants, with the nurse pointing to the line of demarcation where the pants begin to completely protect the lower body from burns. At 4:27 it can be deduced from the burn shape that the man was facing the fireball and was wearing a vest at the time of the explosion etc. Many of the burn injuries exhibit raised keloid healing patterns. 25 female survivors required extensive post war surgeries, and were termed the Hiroshima maidens.

The Hiroshima Maidens are a group of 25 Japanese women who were young when they were seriously disfigured as a result of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima on the morning of August 6, 1945.

Keloid scars marred their faces and many of their hands were bent into claw-like positions. These women, as well as the other citizens affected by the A-bomb, were referred to as hibakusha, meaning "explosion-affected people".

The burns on this survivor took on the kimono pattern; the lighter areas of the cloth reflected the intense light from the bomb, causing little to no burns, the tighter fitting parts of clothing, such as the shoulders are the most severe whereas loose fitting sections show no burning.

The more specific nickname for the group of women – the Hiroshima Maidens – caught on when the women were brought to The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York in the United States to undergo multiple reconstructive surgeries. This highly publicized turn of events was largely the work of Saturday Review editor Norman Cousins, an outspoken advocate of nuclear disarmament.

One of these survivors, Miyoko Matsubara, has said:

As a hibakusha, I am determined to continue appealing for the elimination of nuclear weapons from the Earth. That is what I must do. We survivors of the atomic bombing are against the research, development, testing, production, and use of any nuclear arms. We are opposed to war of any kind, for whatever reason.

I would like to say to young people in the United States and other countries: Nuclear weapons do not deter war. Nuclear weapons and human beings cannot co-exist. We all must learn the value of human life. If you do not agree with me on this, please come to Hiroshima and see for yourself the destructive power of these deadly weapons at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum.

As of March 31, 2009, exactly 235,569 living hibakusha were certified by the Japanese government, with an average age of 75.92.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Hiroshima sides with Obama on nukes". The Japan Times. August 7, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 

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