Hirsau

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Hirsau
Stadtteil of Calw
Coat of arms of Hirsau
Coat of arms
Hirsau  is located in Germany
Hirsau
Hirsau
Coordinates: 48°44′N 8°44′E / 48.733°N 8.733°E / 48.733; 8.733Coordinates: 48°44′N 8°44′E / 48.733°N 8.733°E / 48.733; 8.733
Country Germany
State
  1. default: Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Calw
Town Calw
Population (2005)
 • Total 2,260
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 75365
Dialling codes 07051
Vehicle registration CW
Hirsau, 1907

Hirsau (formerly Hirschau) is a district of the town of Calw in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, located in the south-west portion of the country, about two miles north of Calw and about twenty-four miles west of Stuttgart.

Town[edit]

Hirsau's economy includes small retail establishments, tourism, and light industry. There is a saw mill on the Ernstmuhlerweg, the road that runs along the railroad in the post card pasted above. The saw mill is a long building at the upper edge (in the picture) of town.

The town has been called a "Luftkurort" ("air spa") for the purity of its air. The town's bridge over the Nagold River dates to the Carolingian period.

Hirsau Abbey[edit]

Main article: Hirsau Abbey

The town grew round the Benedictine monastery that is its main historical significance and was once among the most famous in Europe. It was founded in about 830 by Count Erlafried of Calw and re-founded, after a period of collapse, in 1059. William of Hirsau, abbot from 1069 to 1091, brought it to international prominence as the origin of the Hirsau Reforms. It was secularised in 1558, and the buildings destroyed by the French in 1692.

References[edit]

  • Baer, 1897. Die Hirsauer Bauschule. Freiburg.
  • Giseke, 1883. Die Hirschauer während des Investiturstreits. Gotha.
  • Helmsdorfer, 1874. Forschungen zur Geschichte des Abts Wilhelm von Hirschau. Göttingen
  • Klaiber, C.H., 1886. Das Kloster Hirschau. Tübingen.
  • Steck, 1844. Das Kloster Hirschau
  • Süssmann, 1903. Forschungen zur Geschichte des Klosters Hirschau. Halle.
  • Weizsäcker, 1898. Führer durch die Geschichte des Klosters Hirschau. Stuttgart

External links[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.