Hirson

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For the surname, see Hirson (surname).
Hirson
Hirson.jpg
Coat of arms of Hirson
Coat of arms
Hirson is located in France
Hirson
Hirson
Coordinates: 49°55′18″N 4°05′02″E / 49.9217°N 4.0839°E / 49.9217; 4.0839Coordinates: 49°55′18″N 4°05′02″E / 49.9217°N 4.0839°E / 49.9217; 4.0839
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Aisne
Arrondissement Vervins
Canton Hirson
Intercommunality Communauté de communes du Pays des Trois Rivières
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Jacques Thomas
Area1 33.77 km2 (13.04 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 9,393
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 02381 / 02500

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Hirson is a commune in the Aisne department in Picardy in northern France.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Hirson situation among the municipalities of the Aisne

Hirson is adjacent to Belgium. It is located in the northeastern department of Aisne, near the departments of Nord and Ardennes. Hirson is part of Thiérache. It is located near two large forests, the forest of Hirson and the forest of Saint-Michel.

Hydrography[edit]

Hirson is watered by the Oise and Gland. The various streams of the town: stream of Anor, stream of Brugnon, stream of La Marquette, stream of Les Marais, stream of Blangy, stream of Le Catelet, stream of Le Rie De Bon Feu, stream of Four Matot.

Geology and Relief[edit]

The culmination of Hirson is located 268 meters above sea level. The lowest altitude is 157 meters above sea level.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Hirson is bordered by eight municipalities: Eparcy, Buire, Neuve-Maison, Mondrepuis, Anor (Nord), Macquenoise (Belgium), Saint-Michel, Bucilly.

History[edit]

As of 1911, there was a permanent fort and two artillery batteries near the railway junction. Also at that time, the town was engaged in the manufacture of glass bottles, tiles and iron and tin goods, as well as wool-spinning and brewing.

The town is served by the Fives-Hirson railway.

Population[edit]

The inhabitants of the town are called Hirsonnais.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 2,023 —    
1800 2,144 +6.0%
1806 2,061 −3.9%
1821 2,231 +8.2%
1831 2,718 +21.8%
1836 2,880 +6.0%
1841 3,005 +4.3%
1846 3,140 +4.5%
1851 3,212 +2.3%
1856 3,203 −0.3%
1861 3,224 +0.7%
1866 3,334 +3.4%
1872 3,951 +18.5%
1876 4,445 +12.5%
1881 4,809 +8.2%
1886 5,743 +19.4%
1891 6,294 +9.6%
1896 6,632 +5.4%
1901 7,461 +12.5%
1906 8,541 +14.5%
1911 9,638 +12.8%
1921 9,759 +1.3%
1926 11,344 +16.2%
1931 11,403 +0.5%
1936 11,203 −1.8%
1946 10,462 −6.6%
1954 11,134 +6.4%
1962 11,715 +5.2%
1968 11,858 +1.2%
1975 11,986 +1.1%
1982 11,348 −5.3%
1990 10,173 −10.4%
1999 10,327 +1.5%
2008 9,393 −9.0%

See also[edit]

References[edit]