His Lordship's Kindness
His Lordship's Kindness
His Lordship's Kindness - North Front, December 2008
|Nearest city||Rosaryville, Maryland|
|NRHP Reference #||70000853|
|Added to NRHP||April 15, 1970|
|Designated NHL||April 15, 1970|
His Lordship's Kindness was built in the 1780s for Prince Georges County planter Robert Darnall near Clinton, Maryland. The five-part Georgian mansion, also known as Poplar Hill, retains a number of subsidiary buildings including a slave's hospital and a dovecote.
Colonel Henry Darnall was granted 7,000 acres (28 km2) of land in Prince George's County, Maryland in 1703 by Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, which Darnall named in recognition of Lord Baltimore's gesture. Darnall built a house for his family on a nearby property, known as The Woodyard, between 1683 and 1711. On Henry's death in 1711, the properties passed to his son, Henry Darnall II, who was forced to dispose of much of his father's accumulated 35,000 acres (140 km2) of property to clear his debts before leaving the country. His son, Henry Darnall III received the remaining 1,300 acres (5.3 km2) from his father, including 300 acres (1.2 km2) of the original grant with a mansion, which became known as Poplar Hill by the 1740s. Henry III, however, was found in 1761 to be embezzling money from one of his appointed positions, causing a bond to be forfeited and for fines to be paid by Henry's guarantors, his brother John Darnall, and Charles Carroll of Annapolis.
Henry III's brother Robert found the means to buy back the original grant and replaced the original house with the present structure, completed in 1786. Darnall, who died childless in 1803, left the property to his nephew Robert Sewall. Sewall in turn left the property to his son Robert Darnall Sewall. The son in turn left the property to two nieces, Susan and Ellen Daingerfield of Alexandria, Virginia, in 1853. In 1865 Susan Daingerfield married future US Senator John Strode Barbour. Through the next hundred years, the property passed through a number of hands, including David K.E. Bruce, Chandler Hale, and the Catholic Archdiocese of Washington.
His Lordship's Kindness is a five-part ensemble with a hipped-roof central block measuring 56 feet (17 m) wide by 48 feet (15 m) deep. The central block is 2½ stories tall, with dormers in the rear elevation. It is connected to two -1/2 story end pavilions by single-story hyphens. The eastern pavilion contained the kitchen, while a chapel was located in the west pavilion. The kitchen was renovated as a study in the 1920s but retained an interior balcony. The main block features a projecting bay containing the recessed entry door with fanlight, pilasters and pediment, and a large Palladian window on the second story. The facade's other windows have stone sills and flat arch lintels. The rear, or garden elevation is similarly composed, but lacks the projecting bay, and the door is less elaborately detailed.
A center hall extends from the front to the garden doors. Narrow lateral halls run out to the wings, and with the center hall, subdivide the first floor into four rooms. The center hall is bisected by a wide arch, with the main stairway to the rear on the east side. The plan of the first floor is repeated on the second, with four bedrooms.
The John M. and Sara R. Walton Foundation own and operate the property as a historic house museum. Guided tours of the historic house are offered from March through December. The facilities are available for rental.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- "His Lordship's Kindness (Poplar Hill)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-16.
- "Maryland Historical Trust". His Lordship's Kindness. Maryland Historical Trust. 2008-06-08.
- Father of Charles Carroll of Carrollton.
- "Timeline". Poplar Hill on His Lordship's Kindness. The John M. and Sara R. Walton Foundation, Inc. 2008-06-12.
- Heintzelman, Patricia; Snell, Charles W. (July 30, 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination: His Lordship's Kindness". National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
- Poplar Hill on His Lordship's Kindness - official site
- His Lordship's Kindness, Prince George's County, including photo in 1974, at Maryland Historical Trust
- Poplar Hill, 7606 Woodyard Road (His Lordship's Kindness Road) (Rosaryville vicinity), Clinton, Prince George's County, MD: 3 drawings, 48 photos, 19 data pages, 3 photo caption pages, at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Poplar Hill, Pigeon Cote, 7606 Woodyard Road, Clinton, Prince George's County, MD: 6 photos, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Poplar Hill, Privy, 7606 Woodyard Road, Clinton, Prince George's County, MD: 8 photos, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Poplar Hill, Slave Hospital, 7606 Woodyard Road, Clinton, Prince George's County, MD: 2 photos, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Building Survey
- Poplar Hill, Smokehouse, 7606 Woodyard Road, Clinton, Prince George's County, MD: 2 photos, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Buildings Survey
- Poplar Hill, Wash House, 7606 Woodyard Road, Clinton, Prince George's County, MD: 1 photo, 1 data page, 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Buildings Survey