Hisaakira Hijikata

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In this Japanese name, the family name is "Hijikata".
Hisaakira Hijikata

Hisaakira Hijikata (土方久徴 Hijikata Hisaakira?, October 8, 1870 – August 25, 1942) was a Japanese businessman, central banker and the 12th Governor of the Bank of Japan (BOJ).

Early life[edit]

Hijikata was born in Mie Prefecture.[1]

Career[edit]

In 1897, Hijikata was a BOJ trainee along with Junnosuke Inoue. Both young men were sent by the bank to learn about British banking practices in London.[2]

In 1918, Hijikata was named head of the Industrial Bank of Japan.[3]

Hijikata was Governor of the Bank of Japan from June 12, 1928 through June 4, 1935.[4] During his tenure, financial difficulties in Europe and the suspension of the gold standard by the United Kingdom affected Japan; and the situation was exacerbated by the "Manchurian disturbance".[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bank of Japan (BOJ), 12th Governor
  2. ^ Metzler, Mark. (2006). Lever of Empire: the International Gold Standard and the Crisis of Liberalism in Prewar Japan, p. 9., p. 9, at Google Books
  3. ^ Tamaki, Norio. (1995). Japanese banking: a History, 1859-1959, p. 249, p. 249, at Google Books
  4. ^ BOJ, List of Governors; "Heads Bank of Japan; Fukai, Vice Governor, Is Promoted as Hijikata Retires," New York Times. June 4, 1935; retrieved 2011-08-22
  5. ^ "Annual Report of the Bank of Japan," 18 Federal Reserve Bulletin (US), Vol 18, p. 309. (1932)

References[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Junnosuke Inoue
(2nd term)
Governor of the Bank of Japan
1928-1935
Succeeded by
Eigo Fukai