|District of Haryana|
|Tehsils||1. Hisar, 2. Hansi, 3. Narnaund and 4. Adampur|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Hisar|
|• Total||3,983 km2 (1,538 sq mi)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
Hisar district (Hindi: हिसार जिला) is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state, India. Hisar city serves as the district headquarters. The district is also part of Hisar division, which is headed by a commissioner who belongs to the Indian Administrative Service
Hisar was the largest district in Haryana until its reorganization. In 1966, some parts of Hisar were transferred to the newly created Jind district. In 1974, Tehsil Bhiwani and Loharu were transferred to Bhiwani district. Hisar was further bifurcated when Sirsa district was formed. Fatehabad district was later created as well.
Hisar is a divisional headquarters of the Divisional Commissioner and also the headquarters of the Police Range. It is also a battalion headquarters of B.S.F. 3rd Bn. H.A.P. and commando force. In order to accommodate all of these departments, a five-storey District Administrative Complex was built, with the offices transferred in 1980. It adjoins the new Judiciary Complex, which is also made functional. This administrative and judiciary complex is the largest in Haryana; as a district headquarters it may be one of the largest in the country.
In the past three centuries Hisar had also been the birthplace for great personalities, like Sardar Ishri Singh, Sardar Harji Ram, Rai Bahadur Sardar Nau Nihal Singh (honorary magistrate of Hisar pre-Independence). It is one of the most historic features along with the Gujari mahal in Hisar District. Noteworthy individuals include late Dr. Gopi Chand Bhargava the First Chief Minister of Punjab, Late O.P. Jindal, former chairperson of Jindal Industries, Subhash Chandra, Chairman Essel Group (Zee Network). He is also chairman of Indian Cricket League. Another notable individual is Yash Tonk, actor in Bollywood, alumnus of Campus School, CCSHAU.Famous theatre director Manish Joshi Bismil also belongs to Hisar, alumnus of K.L Arya DAV Public School. It is also known as the steel city because of the Jindal Stainless Steel Factories. It also produces a large amount of galvanized iron, which is the largest production in India.
Hisar is one of the five cities belonging to Indus Valley civilization. Name of this city is cited in the history books in the contexts of Indus civilization and in General knowledge books for having one of the five Sheep Farms. Its name was Banwali.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
According to the 2011 census Hisar district has a population of 1,742,815, roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia or the US state of Nebraska. This gives it a ranking of 276th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 438 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,130 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.38%. Hisar has a sex ratio of 871 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.2%. Haryanavi & Punjabi are the dominant languages spoken
Administrative setup of District Hisar
Hisar continued to be the District Headquarters of the largest District in the state until its reorganization; some parts of it were transferred to Jind in 1966 when Jind was made a new District. Tehsil Bhiwani and Loharu estate were transferred to Bhiwani District when Bhiwani was carved out in 1974. It was further bifurcated when Sirsa become a new district entirely out of Hisar District. Now Fatehabad has been carved out of this district.
At present Hisar district consists of four tehsils and three Sub-tehsils. The tehsils are Hisar, Hansi, Narnaund and Adampur and sub tehsils are Barwala, Uklana and Bass.
Hisar is a divisional headquarter of the Divisional Commissioner and also the headquarter of Police Range. It is also a battalion Headquarters of B.S.F. 3rd Bn. H.A.P. and commando force. In order to bring under the roof of all the departments a five storied building of District Administrative Complex has been completed and offices shifted in 1980. It adjoins the new Judiciary Complex, which is also made functional.
Shanti Niketan Vidyapeeth,Tosham Road Ladwa - Hisar is the first institute to give the technological education in Three Year Diploma and Four Year Degree Course (B.Tech) Since 1975. Three Universities are located in Hisar district. Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University in Hisar was initially founded as a campus of the Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. CCSHAU is one of best agriculture universities in Asia.Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences in Hisar has a glorious past, formidable present and a promising future for development of veterinary education and research.A statue and memorial of Lala Lajpat Rai would be set up in the campus of Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar to commemorate the memory of the great patriot. Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, founded in 1995 in Hisar, attracts students for higher education from all over the country and abroad.
Hisar also have prime institute named UC MAS (http://www.ucmasindia.com/ Universal Concept of Mental Arithmetic System) at DLA to develop the brain of children of age 4 to 13 years.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nebraska 1,826,341"
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|Hanumangarh district, Rajasthan||Jind district|
|Bhiwani district||Rohtak district|