|District of Haryana|
Location of Hisar district in Haryana
|Tehsils||1. Hisar, 2. Hansi, 3. Narnaund and 4. Adampur 5. Barwala|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Hisar|
|• Total||3,983 km2 (1,538 sq mi)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
Hisar district (Hindi: हिसार जिला) is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state, India. Hisar city serves as the district headquarters. The district is also part of Hisar division, which is headed by a commissioner who is employed by the Indian Administrative Service.
The largest district in Haryana until its 1966 reorganization, some parts of Hisar were transferred to the newly created Jind district. In 1974, Tehsil Bhiwani and Loharu were transferred to Bhiwani district. Hisar was further bifurcated when Sirsa district was formed. Fatehabad district was later created as well.
Hisar is a divisional headquarter of the Hisar division Divisional Commissioner and also the headquarter of Police Range. It is also a battalion headquarter of B.S.F. 3rd Bn. H.A.P. and commando force. In order to accommodate all of these departments, a five storey District Administrative Complex was built, with the offices transferred in 1980. It adjoins the new Judiciary Complex, which is also made functional. This administrative and judiciary complex is the largest in Haryana; as a district headquarters it may be one of the largest in the country.
It is one of the five cities belonging to Indus Valley Civilization while its name is cited in the history books in the context of Indus civilization and in general knowledge books as the location of Banawali, one of five sheep farms. As of 2011 it is the second most populous of the 21 districts of Haryana, after Faridabad.
Hisar is also known as the steel city because of the Jindal Stainless Steel Factories. It also the largest producer of galvanized iron in India.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Hisar continued to be the District Headquarters of the largest District in the state until its reorganization in 1966 when parts were carved out to create the new Jind District. The Tehsil Bhiwani and Loharu estate were later transferred to Bhiwani District on its creation in 1974. It was further bifurcated when Sirsa become a new district created entirely out of Hisar District. Fatehabad has now been carved out of this district.
At present Hisar district consists of the four tehsils of Hisar, Hansi, Narnaund and Adampurand and the three Sub-tehsils of Barwala, Uklana and Bass.
Hisar is a divisional headquarters of the Divisional Commissioner and also the headquarters of the Police Range. It is also a battalion Headquarters of B.S.F. 3rd Bn. H.A.P. and commando force. All these departments are now housed in a five storied District Administrative Complex completed in 1980, which adjoins the new Judiciary Complex.
the 2011 census[update] the district had a population of 1,742,815, roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia or the US state of Nebraska. This gave it a ranking of 276th in India out of a total of 640 districts. The district has a population density of 438 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,130/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.38%. Hisar has a sex ratio of 871 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.2%. Haryanvi is the most spoken dialect in the district.
The important social groups in the district are Jats, Bishnois, Brahmins, Sainis, Banias, Gujjars, Ahirs, Rajputs, Kumhars, Aroras, Chamars and Balmikis. Jat is the largest social group in the city. They are of two types, Deswalis and Bagris. Bishnois have migrated from Rajasthan. There are three sections of Brahmins in the district, i.e., Gaur, Bias and Khandelwal. Most of the Aroras are migrant from West Punjab after the partition of the country in 1947. Banias are divided into Aggarwals, Oswals and Maheshwaris. The Aggarwals are said to be the descendants of the inhabitants of Agroha. They hold Agroha in great reverence. Oswals and Maheshwaris trace their origin to the Rajasthan. The Gujjars of Hisar trace their origin to Rajasthan.
- Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, initially founded as a campus of the Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.
- Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. A statue and memorial of Lala Lajpat Rai stands on the campus to commemorate this patriot.
- Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, founded in 1995, attracts students for higher education from all over the country and abroad.
Hisar also has a prime institute named UC MAS (Universal Concept of Mental Arithmetic System) at DLA to develop the brains of children of age 4 to 13 years. Beyond technical education the vocational training is also conducted at Hisar at Study Matrix Institute.
Over the past three centuries Hisar had been the birthplace of individuals including Sardar Ishri Singh, Sardar Harji Ram and Rai Bahadur Sardar Nau Nihal Singh who were honorary magistrates in pre-Independence Hisar). Noteworthy individuals include the late Dr. Gopi Chand Bhargava the First Chief Minister of Punjab, O.P. Jindal, former chairperson of Jindal Industries and Subhash Chandra, Chairman Essel Group (Zee Network). He is also chairman of Indian Cricket League. Another notable individual is Yash Tonk, a Bollywood actor and alumnus of the Campus School, CCSHAU. The theatre director Manish Joshi Bismil was also born in Hisar and is an alumnus of K.L Arya DAV Public School. Savitri Jindal is non-Executive Chairperson, Jindal Steel & Power Limited.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Hisar gazeteer". Haryana Gazeteers Organisation. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
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|Hanumangarh district, Rajasthan||Jind district|
|Bhiwani district||Rohtak district|